Exam 1: Ch 1-4
Exam 1: Ch 1-4 PSYC 3339
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This 18 page Study Guide was uploaded by lambdalambdalambdas on Tuesday March 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 3339 at University of Houston taught by Noblin in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 5000 views. For similar materials see Intro to Clinical Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 03/10/15
Question 1 2 out of 2 points quot 22 In which of the following states do clinical psychologists currently have prescription privileges Selected Answer D Louisiana and New Mexico AnswerSI A Missouri and Illinois B New York and California C Oregon and Nevada D Louisiana and New Mexico Question 2 2 out of 2 points 38 Which of the following is true regarding Asian cultures Selected Answer A As a group members of Asian cultures tend to emphasize collectivism as opposed to individualism more strongly than members of European American cultures Answers A As a group members of Asian cultures tend to emphasize collectivism as opposed to individualism more strongly than members of European American cultures B All members of Asian cultures emphasize collectivism over individualism C All women and most men of Asian cultures emphasize collectivism over individualism D All men and most women of Asian cultures emphasize collectivism over individualism Question 3 2 out of 2 points a 25 was an early pioneer in the eld of mental health who 2Q advocated for better treatment of the mentally ill in France Selected Answer C Phillippe Pinel Answers A Eli Todd B Edward Lee Thorndike C Phillippe Pinel D Hermann Rorschach Question 4 2 out of 2 points quot 41 The etic perspective Selected Answer A emphasizes similarities between all people Answers A emphasizes similarities between all people B attaches great importance to differences between cultural groups C was less dominant in the early days of psychology than it is today D all of the above Question 5 2 out of 2 points 35 Authors such as Pedersen 1990 1999 2008 have labeled as the quotfourth forcequot in the history of psychology Selected Answer A multiculturalism Answers A multiculturalism B humanism C the prescription privileges movement D behaviorism Question 6 2 out of 2 points 6 At the rst psychological clinic the clients were primarily Selected Answer A children with schoolrelated problems Answers A children with schoolrelated problems B adults with personality disorders C children and adults with depression D couples experiencing relationship problems Question 7 2 out of 2 points quot 16 An example of a manualized psychotherapy with empirical ya evidence for its ef cacy is Selected Answer B exposure and response prevention for obsessive compulsive disorder Answers A exposure and response prevention for bulimia B exposure and response prevention for obsessive compulsive disorder C dialectical behavior therapy for depression D dialectical behavior therapy for antisocial personality disorder Question 8 2 out of 2 points 37 Culturebound syndromes rst appeared in Selected Answer D DSMIV Answers A SM B DSMll C DSMlll D DSMIV Question 9 2 out of 2 points 31 Currently there are more clinical psychology graduate programs subscribing to the model of training than any other model Selected Answer Q C scientistpractitioner Answers A counselor educator B practitionerscholar C scientistpractitioner D clinical scientist Question 10 2 out of 2 points 10 Currently the most popular singular psychotherapy orientation among clinical psychologists is the orientation Selected Answer Q B cognitive Answers A behavioral B cognitive C psychodynamic D humanistic Question 11 2 out of 2 points 45 is the way a person responds to living in a new cultural SE environment particularly regarding the balance between adopting elements of the new culture and retaining elements of the original culture Selected Answer Q C Acculturation Answers A Microaggression B Integration E C Acculturation D Heterogeneity Question 12 2 out of 2 points 40 Based on Schlosser39s research Selected Answer A a psychologist might never know that they have a Jewish client unless the client discloses this identity Answers A a psychologist might never know that they have a Jewish client unless the client discloses this identity B many American Jews wi freely disclose their identity on meeting a psychologist C a Jewish psychologist is automatically culturally competent to treat Jewish patients D all of the above Question 13 2 out of 2 points 39 Based on McGoIdrick39s research Irish American patients Selected Answer Answers C all of the above A may be uncomfortable with questions about inner feelings especially negative feelings or sexual feelings B may feel guilty about some feelings that wouldn39t be an issue in other cultural groups Q C all of the above D none of the above Question 14 2 out of 2 points 8 The DSM is published by the Selected Answer a D American Psychiatric Association Answers A American Psychological Association B National Association of Social Workers C American Psychotherapy Association D American Psychiatric Association Question 15 2 out of 2 points 11 The MMPI Selected Answer Em A is an objective test of personality Answers E A is an objective test of personality B was created prior to the Rorschach lnkblot test C all of the above D none of the above Question 16 2 out of 2 points 1 The rst person to use the term clinical psychology in print was Selected Answer A Lightner Witmer Answers A Lightner Witmer B Sigmund Freud C Car Rogers D Richard McFaII Question 17 2 out of 2 points 19 We can say that cybertherapy generally appears to work Selected Answer A about as well as inperson forms of psychotherapy Answers Q A about as well as inperson forms of psychotherapy B far worse than inperson forms of psychotherapy C far better than inperson forms of psychotherapy D We cannot compare cybertherapy and inperson psychotherapy because no studies exist on this topic Question 18 2 out of 2 points quot 3 Which of the following are important factors in admissions decisions gm for graduate programs in clinical psychology Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A GRE scores B letters of recommendation C research experience D all of the above Question 19 2 out of 2 points H 42 The places importance on multiple perspectives including SQ those that recognize the uniqueness of each individual as well as the similarities between each individual and other individuals Selected Answer a A tripartite model of personal identity Answers A tripartite model of personal identity B etic approach C behavioral approach D evidencebased psychotherapy movement Question 20 2 out of 2 points 23 The rst list of empirically supported treatments was published in Selected Answer D 1995 Answers A 1905 B 1935 C 1965 D 1995 Question 21 2 out of 2 points 2 Compared to PhD programs PsyD programs typically Selected Answer Answers D all of the above A accept a larger percentage of applicants B offer signi cantly less funding to enrolled students in the form of graduate assistantships fellowships and tuition remission C produce graduates who score lower on the national licensing exam EPPP D all of the above Question 22 2 out of 2 points 24 Guidelines regarding the use of new technologies by clinical ya psychologists include which of the following Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A Obtain informed consent from clients about the services they may receive the technologies that may be used to provide them and the con dentiality of the communication B Ensure client con dentiality as much as possible by using encryption or similar methods C Be knowledgeable about emergency resources in any community from which your clients may seek services D all of the above Question 23 2 out of 2 points 7 Emil Kraepelin Selected Answer Answers A is considered a pioneer of the diagnosis of mental disorders Q A is considered a pioneer of the diagnosis of mental disorders B authored an objective personality test that remains widely used among clinical psychologists today C all of the above D none of the above Question 24 2 out of 2 points 20 According to Cummings 2007 of prescriptions written for psychoactive medications come from primarycare physicians Selected Answer Dover80 Answers A under 10 B 30 C 50 Dover80 Question 25 2 out of 2 points 14 Advocates for prescription privileges for clinical psychologists have often made the argument that other nonphysicians such as have already been granted some prescription privileges Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A dentists B advance practice nurses C podiatrists D all of the above Question 26 2 out of 2 points H 21 When psychotherapy outcome researchers seek clients on whom to conduct psychotherapy in a study they typically seek clients who Selected Answer A are textbook cases of the diagnosis the therapy intends to treat Answers Q A are textbook cases of the diagnosis the therapy intends to treat B are simultaneously taking medication for their psychological problems C have advanced knowledge about psychological disorders D have previous experience as test subjects in clinical research Question 27 2 out of 2 points 27 Dorothea Dix39s efforts to improve the treatment of the mentally ill resulted in the creation of institutions in Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A the US B Asia C Europe E D all of the above Question 28 2 out of 2 points 34 From 1990 to 2000 Selected Answer B the LatinoLatinaHispanic population in the US grew by about 50 Answers A the Asian AmericanPaci c Islander population in the US decreased slightly B the LatinoLatinaHispanic population in the US grew by about 50 C all of the above D none of the above Question 29 2 out of 2 points 9 opened the York Retreat a residential treatment center where DE the mentally ill would always be cared for with kindness dignity and decency Selected Answer B William Tuke Answers A Philippe Pinel B William Tuke C Dorthea Dix D Eli Todd Question 30 2 out of 2 points 5 The discipline of clinical psychology came into existence around the beginning of the Selected Answer C 19005 Answers A 17005 B 18005 C19005 D 19505 Question 31 2 out of 2 points n 43 The perspective recognizes and emphasizes culturally jg speci c norms and considers a client39s behaviors thoughts and feelings within the context of that client39s culture Selected Answer Q B emic Answers A etic B emic C behavioral D individual Question 32 2 out of 2 points 12 David Wechsler created Selected Answer C a test of intelligence Answers A an inkblot test of personality B a popular objective questionnaire measuring symptoms of depression C a test of intelligence D the MMPI Question 33 2 out of 2 points 49 Modifying psychological treatments that work for members of diverse cultures is known as Selected Answer D cultural adaptation Answers A rebounding B cultural channeling C ethnic facilitation D cultural adaptation Question 34 2 out of 2 points 17 Payment for psychotherapy by health insurance companies has Selected Answer C increased since the earliest days of psychotherapy Answers A decreased since the earliest days of psychotherapy B remained constant throughout the history of psychotherapy C increased since the earliest days of psychotherapy D not yet occurred but is expected to begin within the nextdecade Question 35 2 out of 2 points 18 According to surveys of psychologists in private practice eg Murphy et al 1998 managed care companies have Selected Answer B exerted too much control over clinical decisions Answers A generally had a positive impact on the quality of psychotherapy they provide Q B exerted too much control over clinical decisions C had no effect on con dentiality issues D all of the above Question 36 32The 2 out of 2 points typically consists of a full year of supervised clinical experience in an applied setting and takes place before the doctoral degree is awarded Selected Answer Answers B predoctoral internship A postdoctoral internship B predoctoral internship C rst year of graduate school in a PsyD program D first year of graduate school in a PhD program Question 37 2 out of 2 points 50 Which of the following places the major OforcesO in psychology in gm the correct chronological order beginning with the rst Selected Answer Answers Q A psychoanalysis behaviorism humanism multiculturalism A psychoanalysis behaviorism humanism multiculturalism B behaviorism multiculturalism psychoanalysis humanism C humanism behaviorism multiculturalism psychoanalysis D multiculturalism humanism behaviorism psychoanalysis Question 38 2 out of 2 points 44 Which of the following is true Selected Answer Answers A It is not yet established as to what is the quotbest methodquot for training clinical psychologists to be culturally competent A It is not yet established as to what is the quotbest methodquot for training clinical psychologists to be culturally competent B lnclass discussion of one39s own cultural background has emerged as the quotbest methodquot for training clinical psychologists to be culturally competent C Conducting psychotherapy under supervision with members of varied cultures has emerged as the quotbest methodquot for training clinical psychologists to be culturally competent D none of the above Question 39 4 The Boulder model of training is also known as the Selected Answer Answers 2 out of 2 points model of training D scientistpractitioner A practitionerscholar B clinical scientist C clinical psychologist D scientistpractitioner Question 40 13 Currently 2 out of 2 points have passed legislation that grants prescription privileges to appropriately trained psychologists Selected Answer Answers C 2 states A all 50 states B 3lstates Q C 2 states D no states Question 41 2 out of 2 points 15 Opponents of prescription privileges for clinical psychologists cite as support for their argument Selected Answer C all of the above Answers A the need for further training during or after graduate school B the possibility that the practice of psychotherapy would decline C all of the above D none of the above Question 42 2 out of 2 points 26 Eli Todd is most notable for Selected Answer B advocating for humane treatment of the mentally ill in the US AnswerSI A creating an inkblot personality test that is still used by many clinical psychologists B advocating for humane treatment of the mentally ill in the US C coining the term clinical psychology D creating the rst widely used test of intelligence Question 43 2 out of 2 points 28 Lightner Witmer originally de ned clinical psychology as related to the disciplines of Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A social work B education C medicine D all of the above Question 44 2 out of 2 points 46 is the acculturation strategy in which the individual adopts am much of the new culture and abandons much of the original culture Selected Answer A Assimilation Answers A Assimilation B Separation C Marginalization D Integration Question 45 2 out of 2 points 29 From roughly 1900 to 1950 the treatment of mental illness Selected Answer C was conducted primarily by physicians Answers A did not exist B was conducted primarily by clinical psychologists C was conducted primarily by physicians D was conducted primarily by counseling psychologists Question 46 2 out of 2 points quot 30 Demonstrating that there are many paths to the profession of E clinical psychology more than half of APAaccredited doctoral programs offer Selected Answer B specialty training Answers A focus groups B specialty training C pa rttime study D online internships Question 47 2 out of 2 points 36 Which of the following is true Selected Answer A Currently when the American Psychological Association considers accrediting a graduate program in psychology there are criteria related to multiculturalism that must be met Answers A Currently when the American Psychological Association considers accrediting a graduate program in psychology there are criteria related to multiculturalism that must be met B Although none have yet emerged the American Psychological Association plans to introduce new divisions within its organization devoted to cultural issues such as gender religion sexual orientation and ethnicity C all of the above D none of the above Question 48 2 out of 2 points n 47 The American Psychological Association created a division to address which of the following areas of diversity Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A women B religion C ethnic minorities D all of the above Question 49 2 out of 2 points 48 is a culturebound syndrome in which hexing witchcraft or the evil in uence of another person brings forth anxiety and gastrointestinal problems Selected Answer B Rootwork Answers A gusto B Rootwork C Ghost sickness D none of the above Question 50 2 out of 2 points 2E 33 authorizes a psychologist to practice independently Selected Answer D Licensure Answer9 A Successful completion of the predoctoral internship B Successful completion of the postdoctoral internship C Successful completion of all graduate courses in an APAapproved graduate program D Licensure
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