Exam 2: Ch 5-7
Exam 2: Ch 5-7 PSYC 3339
Popular in Intro to Clinical Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
verified elite notetaker
PSYC 3310 Industrial-Organizational Psychology
verified elite notetaker
This 18 page Study Guide was uploaded by lambdalambdalambdas on Tuesday March 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 3339 at University of Houston taught by Noblin in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 3176 views. For similar materials see Intro to Clinical Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Houston.
Reviews for Exam 2: Ch 5-7
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/10/15
Question 1 2 out of 2 points quot 23 signi cance in an efficacy or effectiveness study refers to how two groups differ in realworld terms It answers the question quotIs there a meaningful difference between the groupsquot Selected Answer B Clinical Answers A Statistical B Clinical C Theoretical D Control Question 2 2 out of 2 points 6 The landmark court case that established the duty to warn for psychologists was Selected Answer D Ta rasoff v The Regents of the University of California Answers A Brown v The Board of Education B Hughes v The APA Board of Ethic C Poddar v The State of New Mexico D Tarasoff v The Regents of the University of California Question 3 0 out of 2 points 46 The DSMlV TR received numerous criticisms Which of the 1 following is inconsistent with these criticisms Selected 1 Answer B The cutoffs that separate those who qualify for the disorders from those who do not qualify are often arbitrary rather than empirically based Answers A DSM has not expanded rapidly enough and as a result the current edition includes approximately the same number of disorders as the original edition B The cutoffs that separate those who qualify for the disorders from those who do not qualify are often arbitrary rather than empirically based C Nonempirical in uences such as political and social forces may have too much in uence on the decisions made by DSM authors D all of the above Question 4 2 out of 2 points 8 According to the most recent edition of the APA ethical code it is ya necessary to obtain informed consent before proceeding with Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A research B psychotherapy C assessment D all of the above Question 5 2 out of 2 points 43 DSMI and DSMII Selected Answer B re ected a psychoanalytic orientation Answers A were entirely empirically based Q B re ected a psychoanalytic orientation C included lists of speci c symptoms or criteria for each disorder D all of the above Question 6 2 out of 2 points 28 An is a statistical method of combining results of separate jg studies to create a summation of its ndings Selected Answer Answers D metaanalysis A ABAB design B case study C qualitative review D metaanalysis Question 7 2 out of 2 points 36 The DSM re ects a medical model of psychopathology according quot to which Selected Answer Answers B each mental disorder is an entity de ned categorically and features a list of speci c symptoms A each mental disorder is a byproduct of a medical disorder centered in a part of the body other than the brain B each mental disorder is an entity de ned categorically and features a list of speci c symptoms C medication is the only acceptable form of treatment for mental disorders D psychotherapy cannot be expected to succeed unless it is accompanied by medication Question 8 3 The 0 out of 2 points section of the current ethical code includes enforceable l rules of conduct as opposed to aspirational ideals regarding the behavior of clinical psychologists Selected Answer Answers B General Principles Q A Ethical Standards B General Principles C Research Standards D Assessment Code Question 9 2 out of 2 points 20 In short the of a form of therapy is how well it works quotin the labquot where it is practiced according to manualized methods Selected Answer B ef cacy Answers A outcome B ef cacy C effectiveness D status Question 10 2 out of 2 points quot 37 Hippocrates identi ed an imbalance in as the source of 3E abnormality Selected Answer Q C bodily uids Answers A the ego B spiritual harmony C bodily uids D the unconscious Question 11 2 out of 2 points quot 49 Researchers who endorse the dimensional approach to diagnosis gm of mental problems most often recommend that serve as the basis for the dimensions Selected Answer E A the vefactor model of personality Answers A the vefactor model of personality B cognitive thought distortion categories C baseline behavioral data D neurosis and psychosis Question 12 2 out of 2 points a 25 variables are those variables in an experiment that are manipulated by the experimenter Selected Answer C Independent Answers A Internal B External C Independent D Dependent Question 13 2 out of 2 points quot 13 The APA ethical principle of OBene cence and Nonmale cenceO 3E essentially requires the psychologist to Selected Answer A do good and do no harm Answers A do good and do no harm B avoid multiple relationships C obtain informed consent D none of the above Question 14 2 out of 2 points quot 45 The list of culturebound syndromes rst appeared in Selected Answer D DSMIV Answers A SM B DSMII C DSMIII D DSMIV Question 15 2 out of 2 points 48 All editions of the DSM have offered a approach to diagnosis Selected Answer Q C categorical AnswerSI A dimensional B symptom or criteriabased C categorical D multiaxial Question 16 2 out of 2 points 16 Nonsexual multiple relationships between clinical psychologist and client Selected Answer C are unethical if they can be expected to impair the psychologist39s competence or risk exploiting the client Answers A are always unethical B are never unethical if initiated by the client E C are unethical if they can be expected to impair the psychologist39s competence or risk exploiting the client D are unethical only if the client actually experiences harm or exploitation Ono harm no foulO Question 17 2 out of 2 points 21 Compared to effectiveness studies efficacy studies of psychotherapy outcome generally have Selected Answer Q A greater internal validity Answers Q A greater internal validity B greater external validity C all of the above D none of the above Question 18 2 out of 2 points 40 During the late 18005 and early 19005 the primary purpose of diagnostic categories was Selected Answer B the collection of statistical and census data Answers A the diagnosis of prisoners E B the collection of statistical and census data C compliance with health insurance and managed care company policies D to offer guidance toward particular forms of medication and psychotherapy Question 19 2 out of 2 points 9 Informed consent regarding is best understood as a onetime event but informed consent regarding is best understood as an ongoing process Selected Answer C research psychotherapy Answer9 A assessment research B behavioral psychotherapy psychodynamic psychotherapy C resea rch psychotherapy D psychotherapy research and assessment Question 20 2 out of 2 points 29 As reported in the text what research methods are used to measure psychotherapy outcome Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A questionnaires B direct observation C interviews D all of the above Question 21 2 out of 2 points 5 Which of the following is true regarding ethical decision making by EB clinical psychologists Selected Answer A Consulting with colleagues about ethically challenging situations is recommended as long as client con dentiality is protected Answers E A Consulting with colleagues about ethically challenging situations is recommended as long as client con dentiality is protected B Consulting with colleagues about ethically challenging situations is recommended and because the information is being shared with other quali ed professionals the client39s con dentiality need not be protected C Consulting with colleagues about ethically challenging situations is generally discouraged D none of the above Question 22 2 out of 2 points 27 The ABAB design is an example of an Selected Answer A case study Answers A case study B analogue design C betweengroups design D metaanalysis Question 23 2 out of 2 points 14 Cultural incompetence Selected Answer C may lead to detrimental consequences for clients Answers A is not viewed as negatively by nonprofessionals as ethical violations such as multiple relationships B is permissible in research settings but not in therapy settings C may lead to detrimental consequences for clients D is not addressed by the APA Code of Ethics Question 24 2 out of 2 points 26 In an design participants within a single condition are compared to themselves at various points in time Selected Answer B withingroup Answers A anaogue Q B withingroup C betweengroup D experimental Question 25 2 out of 2 points 42 The rst edition of the DSM contained only three broad categories Selected Answer Q A psychoses neuroses and character disorders Answers A psychoses neuroses and character disorders B internalizing externalizing and mediating disorders C primary secondary and tertiary disorders D Freudian Jungian and undifferentiated disorders Question 26 2 out of 2 points 7 Which of the following is true regarding con dentiality and child ya abuse Selected Answer D none of the above Answers A An ethical clinical psychologist should never break a child client39s con dentiality to report child abuse B Less than half of the states in the US have laws requiring mental health professionals to break con dentiality to report known or suspected child abuse C all of the above D none of the above Question 27 2 out of 2 points 17 In 1952 published an unfavorable review of research on psychotherapy outcome which served as a catalyst for subsequent research on the subject which has been more positive Selected Answer A Hans Eysenck Answers A Hans Eysenck B B F Skinner C Anna Freud D Carl Rogers Question 28 2 out of 2 points 18 When researchers measure the outcome of psychotherapy the perspective of can be a good source of data Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A The client B the psychotherapist C family members of the client D all of the above Question 29 2 out of 2 points 4 Which of the following are among the Ethical Principles listed in the most recent edition of the APA ethical code Selected Answer D all of the above Answer9 A Bene cence and Nonmale cence B Integrity C Respect for People39s Rights and Dignity D all of the above Question 30 2 out of 2 points 12 Compared to clinical psychologists who work and live in large communities clinical psychologists who work and live in small communities are likely to nd the ethical issue of especially challenging Selected Answer Q A multiple relationships Answers A multiple relationships B maintaining con dentiality C informed consent D test security Question 31 2 out of 2 points 32 Among the steps involved in the experimental method are Selected Answer D all of the above Answer9 A observation of events B development of a hypothesis C empirical testing of the hypothesis D all of the above Question 32 2 out of 2 points n 2 The section of the current ethical code includes aspirational EB ideals regarding the behavior of clinical psychologists as opposed to enforceable rules of conduct Selected Answer D General Principles Answers A Ethical Standards B Treatment Standards C Research Standards D General Principles Question 33 2 out of 2 points 11 Burnout Selected Answer A can signi cantly impair the competence of a clinical psychologist Answers A can signi cantly impair the competence of a clinical psychologist B occurs at high levels in less than 1 of psychologists according to survey data C is less likely to occur when a clinical psychologist is overcommitted to clients or earns a low salary D all of the above Question 34 2 out of 2 points a 19 refers to the success of a particular therapy in a controlled study conducted with clients who were chosen according to particular study criteria Selected Answer C Ef cacy Answers A Effectiveness B Psychotherapy outcome Q C Ef cacy l D none of the above Question 35 2 out of 2 points 44 DSMlll differed from its predecessors in signi cant ways such as Selected Answer Answers D all of the above A the inclusion of a multiaxial system by which clinicians could diagnose clients on ve separate axes B the use of speci c diagnostic criteria to de ne disorders C a greater reliance on empirical data rather than clinical consensus E D all of the above Question 36 Selected Answer Answers 0 out of 2 points V n 35 The DSMIV conceptualizes mental disorders as A clinically signi cant behavioral or psychological syndromes A clinically signi cant behavioral or psychological syndromes B being associated with present distress or disability C signi cantly increasing risk of suffering death pain disability or an important loss of freedom E D all of the above Question 37 Selected Answer Answers 2 out of 2 points 1 The current edition of the APA ethical code includes two distinct sec ons and Q A General Principles Ethical Standards A General Principles Ethical Standards B Research Standards Practice Standards C Assessment Code Treatment Code D none of the above Question 38 2 out of 2 points quot 41 The rst edition of the DSM was published in Selected Answer C 1952 Answers A 1914 B 1930 Q C 1952 D 1986 Question 39 2 out of 2 points 30Another phrase for OgeneralizabilityO is Selected Answer B external validity Answers A internal validity B external validity C positive psychology D negative psychology Question 40 2 out of 2 points quot 33 In an design participants in different conditions receive entirely different treatments Selected Answer C betweengroup Answers A quasiexperimental B analogue C betweengroup D withingroup Question 41 2 out of 2 points 22 Compared to effectiveness studies efficacy studies of psychotherapy outcome generally have Selected Answer a B weaker external validity Answers A weaker internal validity B weaker external validity C all of the above D none of the above Question 42 2 out of 2 points 39 Emil Kraepelin was a pioneer of the diagnosis of mental disorders Among the categories he identi ed were which is similar to the current label of bipolar disorder and which is similar to the current label of schizophrenia Selected Answer A manicdepressive psychosis dementia praecox Answers A manicdepressive psychosis dementia praecox B anxiety neurosis disorderly thought psychosis C dementia praecox separation disorder D none of the above Question 43 2 out of 2 points 47 Premenstrual dysphoric disorder Selected Answer B is listed as a provisional disorder or a quotcriteria set for further studyquot in the current DSM Answers A was an official disorder in the original edition of the DSM but is not mentioned at all in the current edition Q B is listed as a provisional disorder or a quotcriteria set for further studyquot in the current DSM C is a subtype of bipolar disorder D is the only of cial disorder appearing in DSMlV TR that did not appear in DSMIV Question 44 2 out of 2 points 34 The harmful dysfunction theory of mental disorders was developed by Selected Answer B Jerome Wake eld Answers A Sigmund Freud B Jerome Wake eld C Emil Kraepelin D B F Skinner Question 45 2 out of 2 points 15 A psychologist may be bound by a duty to warn when Selected Answer D all of the above Answers A a patient seriously threatens the life of another identi ed person B a patient seriously threatens his or her own life C a patient reveals that she is HIV positive and is having unprotected sex without informing her sexual partners of her HIV status D all of the above Question 46 2 out of 2 points 10 According to the APA ethical code which of these scenarios exempli es a multiple relationship Selected Answer D all of the above Answer9 A A psychologist sees an adult client in psychotherapy and also engages in sexual intimacies with that client B A psychologist conducts an assessment with a client and also engages in a nonsexual friendship with that client C A psychologist sees a child client in psychotherapy and also enters into a business partnership with that client39s parent D all of the above Question 47 2 out of 2 points 38 Disorders such as minor depressive disorder are not official z diagnoses and are listed as in an appendix of the DSMIV Selected Answer Q C provisional disorders Answers A upcoming diagnoses B research disorders E C provisional disorders D cultural diagnoses Question 48 2 out of 2 points quot 31 designs examine changes in a participant or group across ma time often over many years Selected Answer a D Longitudinal Answers A Crosssectional B ABAB C Analog D Longitudinal Question 49 2 out of 2 points quot 50 A potential risk of expanding the range of pathology included in the DSM is that Selected Answer C all of the above Answers A more people may have to live with stigma associated with a diagnostic label B the concept of mental illness could be trivialized because it is applied to so many people and experiences E C all of the above D none of the above Question 50 2 out of 2 points quot 24 signi cance in an ef cacy or effectiveness study refers to a ma statistically signi cant difference between two groups It is measured quantitatively Selected Answer Q A Statistical Answers A Statistical B Clinical C Theoretical D Control
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'