WGS 150 STUDY GUIDE MIDTERM 1
WGS 150 STUDY GUIDE MIDTERM 1 ECON102
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Schleger on Thursday March 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ECON102 at San Francisco State University taught by Professor Venoo Kakar in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 190 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Macroeconomic Analysis in Economcs at San Francisco State University.
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Date Created: 03/12/15
Columbus Gone But Not Forgotten by Bell Hooks systems of domination and power not physical or biological characteristics Columbus sees how kind the Native Americans are but he views it as a weakness Kimeberle Crenshaw gender race and class all play an equal role as the factors are part of an interlocking system of domination that creates discrimination and disadvantage ex a man facing racism is not the same as a woman facing racism whiteness tends to ground the women s movement but what is not talked about as much is the women s movement involving women of color Laverne Cox transgender women who talks about intersectionality and how it affects beings Cece Mcdonald didn t know if she was fighting for herself because she was black or because she was transgender Columbus Gone but Not Forgotten Erased the violence and power behind sexual relationships between native women and European colonial men and made it appear as love Kimberle Crenshaw s Feminism s Legacy It is the political theory and practice that struggles to free all women and it is a push for equality social political and economic equality It is also a struggle to end sexist oppression not just a women s issue teaches us to transform society itself so that both equality and liberation can be achieved Lesbians in American Indian Culture by Paula Gunn Allen native power is viewed as being supernatural and paranormal lesbians have this power dykes were said to be medicine women The cult of Domesticity and True Womanhood 2 spheres private home with women public work with men The Legacy of Slavery female slaves were breeders to make more slaves available to the industry they had no legal claim over their children Columbus Gone but Not Forgotten Columbus led Europeans to the New World with ideas of dominance and patriarchy it was hard for Europeans to adjust ways of thinking so they didn t quite accept Native American ways of thinking practice of domination which involves subjugation of people to another usually involved transfer of population to new territory where arrivals lived as permanent settlers while maintaining political allegiance to their country of origin structural formation of power primarily SpanishEuropean men explorers TWE Queen Isabella tried to spread Catholicism with her army and husband King Ferdinand Cult of Domesticity and true Womanhood provided a new view of women s duty and role ideal of womanhood piety purity domesticity and submissiveness The Legacy of Slavery directly linked contemporary social and economic problems of the black community to matriarchal family structure introduced male authority into the black family and community at large economic and political equality would supposedly be hindered without having a nuclear family TWE textbook most men would kill animals while most women would skin them to eat men traded and defended while women would prepare food and make clothing spirituality of men and women was tied to sexuality older women were in uential members of the community Iroquis chiefs were men but were selected by women these women had a powerful say in the community Iroquis women had more formal power than Pueblo women most native men respected women far more than European men respected their women worked their way to the New World example Tobacco Brides working their way from England to America were purchased by their husbands in The New World A person who is signed and is bound by indentures to gain access into the New World ex if women indentures became pregnant they had to continue laboring Gendering of conquest and European ideology Masculine conquest included the widespread rape of native women The Legacy of Slavery slaves were seen as being genderless to the slaveholders based on the jobs the slaves participated in when women could be repressed sexually etc they were locked into the exclusively female roles triangle trade Europeans brought goods to Africa in return for slaves Iberians were the first to trade African slaves slave women were mostly field workers slaves in deep south were agricultural workers different ideas groups may have example Lesbians In American Indian Culture by Paula Gunn Allen lesbians and transgender people are rarely seen in European culture and are looked down upon but in Native American culture it is seen as a norm Kimberle Crenshaw Signed into law in 1994 by Cinton committed to advancing in the criminal justice system and community based responses to domestic and sexual violence committed to reduce violence against women and funded programs to help domestic violence survivors although it is a women s act it took about 20 years to give legal protection to all women Lesbians in American Indian Culture by Paula Gunn Allen koskalaka Lakota term for a dyke translated as a young man or woman who doesn t want to marry Some Like Indians Endure by Paula Gunn Allen compares dykes to Indians compares sexuality to race Lesbians in American Indian Culture by Paula Gunn Allen the theory of knowledge esp with regard to its methods validity and scope western knowledge science medicine Catholicism patriarchy vs Native American knowledge lesbian culture and practice American Indian social system personal epistemology and experience The Legacy of Slavery in slavery males and females performed the same tasks as woman and men were viewed as genderless familiar with the Aztec and Mayan language and culture mother of the racemestizaje La Malinche Dona Marina mistress to Heman Cortes Spanish explorer learned Spanish and became an interpreter for Cortes was viewed to Mexican society as a traitor to her Aztec people Colonial sexuality mestizaj e racial and cultural heritage was mixed part European and part indigenous process by which the mixture of Europeans and indigenous people took place from England tried to convert people in the New World such as Native Americans The Pocahontas Perplex Smith s tale of the Indian princess Indian woman to stand for the New World to help send out the ideas about Natives to Europeans The Pocahontas Perplex Squaw antiPocahontas and seen as more of a sexual partner Pocahontas is viewed as a good Indian woman because she saved John Smith and typically princesses are pure virgins The Princess Pocahontas is viewed as being civilized TWE text English misunderstood Native culture because their culture was much different Europeans had a hard time understanding because they had ideals of superiority embedded in their societies transgender people were rarely seen in European culture but was quite common in Native American culture sexual norms differed between the two cultures White English speaking women who are white and of the same religion Tobacco Brides women purchased with money from tobacco farmers helped to get women out of bound labor TWE textbook there were relationships between Native women and Spanish explorers Colonial Sexuality threetiered caste system of Spaniards Indians and Africans legal system to organize new races racial and economic system that created a new social and political hierarchy in New Spain used to maintain the social order of colonized races didn t exist in Europe because English system had a binary between whites and blacks and they believed in racial purity Colonial Sexuality of European and Native American descent Europeans tried to take ahold of Native Americans and marry and have children to gain economic resources Black woman working as a mother and nanny to children of a white family The Practice of Feminist Oral History feminist researchers try to access subjugated voices silences can say a lot in an interview researched assumes 139ole of active listener analyze how power works centers history on a woman s experience feminists can conceptualize the relationship between agency structure the individual and the larger society The Practice of Feminist Oral History Agency the capacity of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices structures of power institutions that create and normalize sexism racism and heteroseXism feminist researchers try to locate an individual within structures of power Relationships between the self and cultural or social norms there could be a con ict between how the person being interviewed thinks she needs to feel and how she really feels
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