New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

MUH 2019 final exam study guide

by: Heya_Lanayia

MUH 2019 final exam study guide MUH 2019

Marketplace > Florida State University > Music > MUH 2019 > MUH 2019 final exam study guide
GPA 3.9

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Study guide for the final
Modern Popular Music
Chris Orr
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Modern Popular Music

Popular in Music

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Heya_Lanayia on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUH 2019 at Florida State University taught by Chris Orr in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Modern Popular Music in Music at Florida State University.


Reviews for MUH 2019 final exam study guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/26/16
MUH 2019 final exam Study Guide  Topics to be covered on the exam [] Gangsta Rap   Especially popular during the 1990s, greatly circulated via Soth Central LA,  and nearby black communities of Long Beach and Compton.  Lyrics celebrated gangster life styles, while stylizing a survivalist outlook. Lyrics also  feature a very detailed description of graphic violence, sex, anger, and dilemmas faced by urban communities o NWA Rap group composed of Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, and Eazy­ E. The group  brought a new sense of urban realism. They also heavily relied on the driving,  noisy, hard­edged, and funky grooves in their instrumentals.  1989 album “Straight Outta Compton” Very controversial because it  portrayed Los Angeles gang life without moral distancing o Hip hop and violence Lots of controversy over lyrics, which led to the 1989  “Campaign To Stop the Violence” album, which featured many famous rap artists  Rodney King was beat by cops riots Ice­T’s single “Cop Killer”  Censorship controversy due to fear of the song causing more violence, so  Ice T pulled the single from the record  West coast (Suge, and Tupak) Vs East Coast (Puffy Combs/ P. Diddy and  B.I.G)  Tricia Rose Does rap cause violence?   No. Violence is all through America with or without rap.   Critics wrongly interpret rap as the rapper’s personal story,  therefore rapper= thugs, (which isn’t always the case),  rappers  are seen as dangerous.  ****Hip hop reflects/ depicts social realities (which includes  violence), but it doesn’t cause them.  o The violent lyrics are reinforced because of the commercial incentives ($$$) that come with them [] Heavy metal [] Disco  Relationship to gay community Disco helped to strengthen and served as a great support to the gay community. o The Village People A homosexual disco group that served as a parody of the gay life, and included many reference to gay culture in their lyrics.  Ironically their most support came from the straight audience, who  believed the group wasn’t really gay, and the whole thing was a joke. o “Disco Sucks” Campaign Mostly came from hard rock fans who saw sisco as  pretentious and self­indulgent  Also driven by homophobia, implicit racism, and economic incentives  such as the 1979 “Disco Demolition night” People gathering before the  baseball game to blow up disco records o Rock Vs Disco Unlike rock, disco embraces social dancing, rejected the rock  “artist”, and put emphasis on the hit single o The Bee Gee’s  1975 mainstream Australian Pop ­disco group  [] Madonna and production of celebrity  Promotion strategy of pop stars Instead widely, but thinly supporting many artists, only  a handful were heavily invested in, and this resulted in only a handful of “mega” pop  stars  Career overview Heavily exploited her sexuality, music videos/ MTV, visual  presentation, and dancing. She was very good with manipulating and constantly changing her image in order to keep her fans and the media interested. She also blurred conceptions of religion and sexuality.  o Italian American, started as a dancer and model, became a singer almost by  accident, later become best selling female rock artist, and paved the way for other  female artist like Katy Perry &Lady Gaga. 8 top 10 albums, 28 top 10 singles, 11  of which were #1s  “Like a Virgin” Madonna’s first major video, est her artistic distinction, included many  sharp contrast between innocent and evil. It also marks the beginning of her really using  her sexual persona o Influences: Motown, R&B, and Disco o Song Form: A1, A2, B  4 bar instrumental introduction, 8­bar verse (A 1), 10­bar version of verse  (A 2), Chorus featuring hook of the song (B), 8­bar interlude near middle  of song   Controversies tied to feminism By heavily using her sexuality and playing on female  sterotypes is she embracing feminism, or encouraging female objectification?  [] World Music and the globalization of pop  World Music as a marketing genre category Became a distinct market category through  its wide appeal due to its collisions of many cultures  “ Global flows” (Lipisitz)  Global flows/ movement of people, music, and technology  result in new fusions that reflect immigration o ***Global music reflects global flows, and was added under “adult alternative”.  ***Key principal: “Familiar but different”  Rai music Combination of Arabic lyrics, Jamaican reggae, Moroccan gnawa rhythms,  disco influenced arrangements, and blues chord progression (reflection of Anglo­ American style) o Paris concert, “1,2,3 Soleils”  Live album performed by Algerian artist (Taha,  Khaled, and Faudel; 3 masters of Rai music) [] Global Reggae  Overview/ development Mix of Caribbean folk and American R&B, first rock style to  originated in the “third world”. Started in Kingston, Jamaica.  o Mento  Folk music of Jamaica. o Rock steady Transformation of Ska into a slower and socially conscious genre,  came with the spread of Rastafarian movement.  o Ska First mass produced music in Jamaica  R&B w horn section, fast 4 beat pattern emphasizing the back beats, mix  of mento and calypso.  o Rastafarianism Form of Zionism for the people of Africa, strongly connected to  Marcus Garvey (strong supporter of the back to Africa Movement)  Special terminology, dreadlocks, and cannabis used in rituals o Population in the US  Jimmy Cliff 1  Jamaican musician to gain recognition in the US, known  for his 1972 song on “The Harder They Come”, (also became a film he  starred in) which was about the struggle against oppression o Bob Marley Reggae’s most effective international ambassador, national hero of  Jamaica, breakthrough album was 1972 “Catch a Fire”, 1974 “No Woman, No  Cry” was his first international hit o Global Reggae  North Africa­ Gnawa Reggae became popularized in North Africa via  the Gnawa people and their music festival in Morocco  Gnawa descendants of slaves from west Africa brought to  Morocco [] ‘Latin Music Explosion’  Ricky Martin, Mark Anthony, Jennifer Lopez, &Enrique Iglesias  Hybridity  Mixing various elements (local and global)  Latinidad Shared cultures and experiences o Inter Latino Interaction among Latino communities o Potential problems  Homogenization; power imbalances  Shakira o Background  Columbian, moved to US to advance career, sung in both Spanish  and English to keep her original fanbase as well as broaden it o Musical styles Arabic, American rock n roll, & Jamaican reggae influenced o Career highlights 2001 Laundry Service (first English album), and 2005 fijacion  oral, and Oral Fixation (same album, just in a different language)  Bachata  From Dominican Republic o Traditional usually love ballad/ heartbreak, high guitar countermelodies o Modernized (Dominicanyork bachata)  melismatic R&B style, rapping (English  &spanglish) , hip, urban fashion &asethetic [] The Internet Era  Changes to music industry at turn of 21  century Home recording, internet distribution,  rock no longer culturally dominant, MP3 files, illegal piracy o Music piracy The unauthorized use or reproduction or another’s work   Napter 1999, allowed for file sharing, sued by RIAA, shut down in 2001  Ulrich against it, believed the artist should have control over their  own songs  Chuck D argues that the music industry is basically being greed  with the $$ o Radiohead 1985 Alternative British rock band, eclectic, wide­ranging musical  influences (metal, punk, EDM, classic rock, psychedelic, futurism), experimental  approach to sound and economies of rock.    In Rainbows (2007) Fans allowed to purchase album through direct  download, and they chose the price!  They surprisingly made a lot of money [] EDM  Changing role of the DJ Stand between technology, performance and culture, facilitator  of shared sonic journey, follows model of international pop music start (not just random  background guy)  General characteristics Highly repetitive, anti­teleological, development through  textural layering, alternative modes or sexual and cultural expression  Links to avant­garde composers They both threw away instruction manuals and just  started messing with the machines and trying new things, and sometimes creating the  next big thing  EDM &post­modern aesthetics  Renewed interest in techno, trip hop (down temp  version of hip hop), and Big beat (blend of rave and rock n roll) [] American Idol  Star­maker o Kelly Clarkson No 1 single “A Moment like this”, mastered a wide range of  styles, had multiple successful albums and singles  Constriction of identity o Clay Aiken  2006 law suit against his label for misrepresenting Clay’s sexual  identity  The role of country music o Carrie Underwood first “country” idol winner, started trend toward country  music on American Idol as symbol of American identity.  Voting gave contestants a voice, and allows them to invest in what they could be buying in the future. Voting also guaranteed a consumer market  Elevation of the amateur  o Susan Boyle Broke down lines between amateur and professional  Artistic authenticity o Adam Lambert Struggled between “Make it your own and be “true to the music”


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.