MUH 2019 final exam study guide
MUH 2019 final exam study guide MUH 2019
Popular in Modern Popular Music
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Music
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Heya_Lanayia on Tuesday April 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUH 2019 at Florida State University taught by Chris Orr in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Modern Popular Music in Music at Florida State University.
Reviews for MUH 2019 final exam study guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/26/16
MUH 2019 final exam Study Guide Topics to be covered on the exam  Gangsta Rap Especially popular during the 1990s, greatly circulated via Soth Central LA, and nearby black communities of Long Beach and Compton. Lyrics celebrated gangster life styles, while stylizing a survivalist outlook. Lyrics also feature a very detailed description of graphic violence, sex, anger, and dilemmas faced by urban communities o NWA Rap group composed of Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, and Eazy E. The group brought a new sense of urban realism. They also heavily relied on the driving, noisy, hardedged, and funky grooves in their instrumentals. 1989 album “Straight Outta Compton” Very controversial because it portrayed Los Angeles gang life without moral distancing o Hip hop and violence Lots of controversy over lyrics, which led to the 1989 “Campaign To Stop the Violence” album, which featured many famous rap artists Rodney King was beat by cops riots IceT’s single “Cop Killer” Censorship controversy due to fear of the song causing more violence, so Ice T pulled the single from the record West coast (Suge, and Tupak) Vs East Coast (Puffy Combs/ P. Diddy and B.I.G) Tricia Rose Does rap cause violence? No. Violence is all through America with or without rap. Critics wrongly interpret rap as the rapper’s personal story, therefore rapper= thugs, (which isn’t always the case), rappers are seen as dangerous. ****Hip hop reflects/ depicts social realities (which includes violence), but it doesn’t cause them. o The violent lyrics are reinforced because of the commercial incentives ($$$) that come with them  Heavy metal  Disco Relationship to gay community Disco helped to strengthen and served as a great support to the gay community. o The Village People A homosexual disco group that served as a parody of the gay life, and included many reference to gay culture in their lyrics. Ironically their most support came from the straight audience, who believed the group wasn’t really gay, and the whole thing was a joke. o “Disco Sucks” Campaign Mostly came from hard rock fans who saw sisco as pretentious and selfindulgent Also driven by homophobia, implicit racism, and economic incentives such as the 1979 “Disco Demolition night” People gathering before the baseball game to blow up disco records o Rock Vs Disco Unlike rock, disco embraces social dancing, rejected the rock “artist”, and put emphasis on the hit single o The Bee Gee’s 1975 mainstream Australian Pop disco group  Madonna and production of celebrity Promotion strategy of pop stars Instead widely, but thinly supporting many artists, only a handful were heavily invested in, and this resulted in only a handful of “mega” pop stars Career overview Heavily exploited her sexuality, music videos/ MTV, visual presentation, and dancing. She was very good with manipulating and constantly changing her image in order to keep her fans and the media interested. She also blurred conceptions of religion and sexuality. o Italian American, started as a dancer and model, became a singer almost by accident, later become best selling female rock artist, and paved the way for other female artist like Katy Perry &Lady Gaga. 8 top 10 albums, 28 top 10 singles, 11 of which were #1s “Like a Virgin” Madonna’s first major video, est her artistic distinction, included many sharp contrast between innocent and evil. It also marks the beginning of her really using her sexual persona o Influences: Motown, R&B, and Disco o Song Form: A1, A2, B 4 bar instrumental introduction, 8bar verse (A 1), 10bar version of verse (A 2), Chorus featuring hook of the song (B), 8bar interlude near middle of song Controversies tied to feminism By heavily using her sexuality and playing on female sterotypes is she embracing feminism, or encouraging female objectification?  World Music and the globalization of pop World Music as a marketing genre category Became a distinct market category through its wide appeal due to its collisions of many cultures “ Global flows” (Lipisitz) Global flows/ movement of people, music, and technology result in new fusions that reflect immigration o ***Global music reflects global flows, and was added under “adult alternative”. ***Key principal: “Familiar but different” Rai music Combination of Arabic lyrics, Jamaican reggae, Moroccan gnawa rhythms, disco influenced arrangements, and blues chord progression (reflection of Anglo American style) o Paris concert, “1,2,3 Soleils” Live album performed by Algerian artist (Taha, Khaled, and Faudel; 3 masters of Rai music)  Global Reggae Overview/ development Mix of Caribbean folk and American R&B, first rock style to originated in the “third world”. Started in Kingston, Jamaica. o Mento Folk music of Jamaica. o Rock steady Transformation of Ska into a slower and socially conscious genre, came with the spread of Rastafarian movement. o Ska First mass produced music in Jamaica R&B w horn section, fast 4 beat pattern emphasizing the back beats, mix of mento and calypso. o Rastafarianism Form of Zionism for the people of Africa, strongly connected to Marcus Garvey (strong supporter of the back to Africa Movement) Special terminology, dreadlocks, and cannabis used in rituals o Population in the US Jimmy Cliff 1 Jamaican musician to gain recognition in the US, known for his 1972 song on “The Harder They Come”, (also became a film he starred in) which was about the struggle against oppression o Bob Marley Reggae’s most effective international ambassador, national hero of Jamaica, breakthrough album was 1972 “Catch a Fire”, 1974 “No Woman, No Cry” was his first international hit o Global Reggae North Africa Gnawa Reggae became popularized in North Africa via the Gnawa people and their music festival in Morocco Gnawa descendants of slaves from west Africa brought to Morocco  ‘Latin Music Explosion’ Ricky Martin, Mark Anthony, Jennifer Lopez, &Enrique Iglesias Hybridity Mixing various elements (local and global) Latinidad Shared cultures and experiences o Inter Latino Interaction among Latino communities o Potential problems Homogenization; power imbalances Shakira o Background Columbian, moved to US to advance career, sung in both Spanish and English to keep her original fanbase as well as broaden it o Musical styles Arabic, American rock n roll, & Jamaican reggae influenced o Career highlights 2001 Laundry Service (first English album), and 2005 fijacion oral, and Oral Fixation (same album, just in a different language) Bachata From Dominican Republic o Traditional usually love ballad/ heartbreak, high guitar countermelodies o Modernized (Dominicanyork bachata) melismatic R&B style, rapping (English &spanglish) , hip, urban fashion &asethetic  The Internet Era Changes to music industry at turn of 21 century Home recording, internet distribution, rock no longer culturally dominant, MP3 files, illegal piracy o Music piracy The unauthorized use or reproduction or another’s work Napter 1999, allowed for file sharing, sued by RIAA, shut down in 2001 Ulrich against it, believed the artist should have control over their own songs Chuck D argues that the music industry is basically being greed with the $$ o Radiohead 1985 Alternative British rock band, eclectic, wideranging musical influences (metal, punk, EDM, classic rock, psychedelic, futurism), experimental approach to sound and economies of rock. In Rainbows (2007) Fans allowed to purchase album through direct download, and they chose the price! They surprisingly made a lot of money  EDM Changing role of the DJ Stand between technology, performance and culture, facilitator of shared sonic journey, follows model of international pop music start (not just random background guy) General characteristics Highly repetitive, antiteleological, development through textural layering, alternative modes or sexual and cultural expression Links to avantgarde composers They both threw away instruction manuals and just started messing with the machines and trying new things, and sometimes creating the next big thing EDM &postmodern aesthetics Renewed interest in techno, trip hop (down temp version of hip hop), and Big beat (blend of rave and rock n roll)  American Idol Starmaker o Kelly Clarkson No 1 single “A Moment like this”, mastered a wide range of styles, had multiple successful albums and singles Constriction of identity o Clay Aiken 2006 law suit against his label for misrepresenting Clay’s sexual identity The role of country music o Carrie Underwood first “country” idol winner, started trend toward country music on American Idol as symbol of American identity. Voting gave contestants a voice, and allows them to invest in what they could be buying in the future. Voting also guaranteed a consumer market Elevation of the amateur o Susan Boyle Broke down lines between amateur and professional Artistic authenticity o Adam Lambert Struggled between “Make it your own and be “true to the music”
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'