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Exam 2 Study Guide / Vocab

by: Meaghan Bilyeu

Exam 2 Study Guide / Vocab 436816

Meaghan Bilyeu
Penn State
Spanish 003
Erin Ruiz

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About this Document

Includes extensive chapter notes for grammar (with examples), verbs, and vocabulary
Spanish 003
Erin Ruiz
Study Guide
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Meaghan Bilyeu on Tuesday March 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 436816 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Erin Ruiz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 199 views. For similar materials see Spanish 003 in Foreign Language at Pennsylvania State University.

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Date Created: 03/17/15
Spanish 3 Exam 2 Subjunctive with expressions of wishes and recommendations to form the present subjunctive use the yo form of the present indicative drop the nal 0 and add the subjunctive ending ar verbs change the a to e er verbs change the e to a ir verbs change the i to a Hablar Comer Vivir yo hable coma viva tli hables comas vivas Ud l ella hable coma viva nosotrosas hablemos comamos vivamos Uds ellosas hablen coman vivan the present subjunctive of the following verbs with irregular indicative yo forms conocer conozca salir salga salgas conozcas decir diga digas tener tenga tengas hacer haga hagas traer traiga traigas oir oiga oigas venir venga vengas poner ponga pongas ver vea veas the present subjunctive of hay is haya the following verbs also have irregular subjunctive dar d des saber sepa sepas estar est est s ser sea seas H vayavayas stemchanging ar and er verbs follow the same pattern as the present indicative pensar piense pienses piense pensemos piensen volver vueva vuevas vueva volvamos vuevan stemchaning ir verbs follow the same pattern as the present indicative but have an additional change in the nosotrosas form preferir pre era pre eras pre era pre ramos pre eran dormir duerma duermas duerma durmamos duerman verbs ending in car gar ger zar and guir have spelling changes sacar saque saques saque saquemos saquen jugar juegue juegues juegue juguemos jueguen recoger recoja recojas recoja recojamos recojan almorzar amuerce amuerces amuerce almorcemos amuercen sequir siga sigas siga sigamos sigan Main Clause Dependent Clause La doctora quiere que Alfredo respire profundamente The doctor wants Alfredo to breath loudy Yo espero que Alfredo no tenga asma I hope Alfredo doesn t have asthma when there is only one subject use the in nitive instead of subjunctive Lola necesita amar a la farmacia para pedir una medicina Lola has to call the pharmacy to order some medicine Ella quiere recogerla esta ta rde She wants to pick it up this afternoon Desea recogerla antes de last res She wants to pick it up before 300 Spanish 3 Exam 2 some common verbs that express expectations wants and hopes are desear esperar necesitar preferir and querer Los residentes del barrio pre eren que la cli39nica no cierre antes de as siete The residents of the neighborhood prefer that the clinic not close before seven o clock La niha espera que el enfermero no le ponga una inyeccion The girl hopes that the nurse Will not giver her a shot the expression ojala que lWe hope that is always followed by the subjunctive Ojala que ellos vengan temprano hope that they will come early Ojala que puedas llevarme a la cita con la m dica I hope that you can take me to the doctor s appointment Subjunctive with expressions of emotion and doubt when the verb of the main clause expressions emotion fear happiness sorrow use a subjunctive form in the dependent clause Sentimos mucho que el niho tenga ebre We are very sorry that the child has a fever Me allegro de que est s con l lam glad that you are With him some common verbs that express emotion are algrarse de estar contenta de sentir gustar encantar molestar and temer to fear impersona expressions and other expressions that show emotion are also followed by que subjunctive Es triste que el niho est enfermo It is sad that the child is sick Qu lastima que no pueda ir a la esta Whata shame that he cannot go to the party Uses of par and para POR PARA Movement Through or by a place Toward a destination Time Duration of an event Deadline Purpose Reason or motive I For whom something is intended or done POR is also used to express the following means of transportation and communication exchange or substitution unit or rate object of an errand PARA is also used to express the following judgment or point of view intention or purpose when followed by an in nitive Af rmative and negative expressions Af rmative Negative todo everything nada nothing a lgo something anything Spanish 3 Exam 2 todos everybody all nadie no one nobody alguien someone anyone algL39m some any several ningL Jn ningunoa no not any none algunoaosas eitheror nini neithernor oo always nunca never not ever siempre once una vez sometime ever jam s never not ever alguna vez sometimes algunas veces at times a veces also too tampoco neither not tambi n negative words may precede or follow the verb if they follow the verb use the word no before the verb Nadie vive aqui No oneNobody lives here No vive nadie aqui alguno and ninguno shorten to algun and ningun before masculine singular nouns use the personal a when algunoaosas and ningunoa refer to persons and are the direct object of the verb use is also with alguien and nadie since they always refer to people notice in the negative only the singular forms ninguno and ninguna are used Conoces a alguno de los chicos Do you know any ofthe boys No no conozco a ninguno don t know any Conoces alguno de los libros Do you know any of the books No no conozco ninguno No don t know any Present perfect use the present perfect ro refer to a past event action or condition that has some relation to the present Alicia ya has lei39do la informacion del viaje Alicia have you read the trip information yet No no he lei39do la informacion todavia No have not read the information yet PRESENT TENSE OF HABER PAST PARTICIPLE yo he tu has hablado Ud l ella ha comido nosotrosas hemos vivido Uds ellosas han form the present perfect by using the present tense of haber as an auxiliary verb with the past participle of the main verb tener is never used as the auxiliary verb to form the perfect tense La agente de viajes ha trabajado mucho en el itinerario The travel agent has workeda lot in the itinerary Unos pasajeros yah an traido el equipaje Some passengers have already brought the luggage Spanish 3 Exam 2 all past participles of ar verbs end in ado past participles of er and ir verbs generally end in ido if the stem of an er verb ends in a vowel use a written accent on the i of ido leerljllei39do some er and ir verbs have irregular past participles IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES hacer hecho abrir abierto poner puesto escribir escrito romper roto cubrir cubierto ver visto decir dicho volver vuelto morir muerto pace object and re exive pronouns before the auxiliary haber do not place any word between haber and the past participle Le has dado los boletos a C sar Have you given Ce sar the tickets No todavia no se los he dado No have not given them to him yet the present perfect of hay is ha habido with both singular and plural nouns Ha habido mas trabajo L39Jltimamente There has been more work latey Ha ha bido va rios viajes y otros eventos There have been several trips and other events to state that something has just happened use the present tense of acabar de in nitive not the present perfect Acaba mos de volver del aeropuerto We havejust returned from the airport Acabo de comprar una maleta havejust bought a suitcase Spanish uses estar past participle to express a state or condition resulting from a prior action ACTION RESULT Ella prepare la maleta La maleta esta preparada Luego cerro las ventanas Las ventanas estan cerradas Participles used as adjectives when a past participle is used as an adjective it agrees with the noun it modi es una puerta cerrada a closed door los restaurants abiertos the open restaurants unas maletas compradas some purchased suitcases Future tense future tense is formed by adding the endings as a39 emos and an to the in nitive all verbs use these endings FUTURE TENSE HABLAR COMER VIVIR yo hablar comer vivir tu hablaras comeras viviras Ud l ella hablara comera vivira nosotrosas hablaremos comeremos viviremos Uds ellosas hablaran comeran viviran Spanish 3 Exam 2 some verbs have irregular stems in the future tense and can be grouped into three categories according to the irregularity the rst group drops the e from the in nitive ending IRREGULAR FUTURE GROUP 1 INFINITIVE NEW STEM FUTURE FORMS poder podr podr podras podra podremos podran querer querr querr querras querr querremos querran saber sabr sabr sabras sabra sabremos sabran the second group replaces the e or the i of the in nitive ending with a d IRREGULAR FUTURE GROUP 2 poner saHr tener ven pondr sak tendr vendr pondr pondras pondr pondremos pondran saldr saldras saldra saldremos saldran tendr tendras tendra tendremos tendran vendr vendras vendra vendremos vendran the third group consists of two verb that have completely different stems in the future IRREGULAR FUTURE GROUP 3 decir hacer dir har dir diras dira diremos diran har haras hara haremos haran the future of hay is habr in addition to referring to future actions the Spanish future tense can also be used to express probability in the present Todavia no estan en el hotel El vuelo estara retrasado no right la boca el brazo elcabeHo la cabeza la cadera la cara la ceja el cerebro la cintura elcodo el corazon el cuello eldedo el diente la espalda el estomago la frente la garganta el hombro elhueso They still are not at the hotel The ight is probably must be late VOCAB U LARY CHAPTE R 1 1 mouth ann haw head l p face eyebrow bn n NaEt e bomz head neck nger tooth back stomach forehead throat shoulder bone Spanish 3 Exam 2 el labio la mano la mejilla le muneca el mL39Jsculo la nariz el nervio el oido la oreja elpecho la pestana el pie la pierna el pulmonlos pulmones la rodilla la sangre el tobillo la vena el catarro el dolor la enfermedad el enfermola enferma la ebre la gripe la infeccion ella paciente el sintoma la tensionla presion arterial la tos la cli nicael centro de salud ella enfermeroa ella farmac uticoa la farmacia el gobierno elhosp al ella medicoa el antibiotico la escayola la inyeccion la medicina las muletas la pastilla la radiografi a la receta el remedio el termometro alegrarse de caerse lip hand cheek wrist muscle nose nerve inner ear outer ear chest eyelash foot leg lung knee blood ankle vein cold pain iHness ill person fever u infection patient symptom blood pressure cough clinic nurse pharmacist pharmacy government hosp al doctor antibiotic cast injection medicine crutches pill xray prescription remedy medicine thermometer to be glad about to fall Spanish 3 Exam 2 cuidar sede curar doler ue enfermarse estornudar examinar fracturar se fumar molestar le recetar respirar sentir ie i temer torcer seue toser tratar deprimidoa enfermoa grave serioa el artI39culo de belleza tener dolor de tener mala cara urgencias Qu teles pasa to take care of to cure to hurt ache to become sick to sneeze to examine to fracture to break to smoke to bother to be bothered by to prescribe to breather to feel to fear to twist to cough to treat depressed sick sedous sedous beauty item to have anache to look terrible emergency room What s wrong with youthem VOCAB U LARY CHAPTE R 12 el autobusbus el avion el barco el metro el tren la aduana la aeroli nea li39nea a rea el asiento de pasioventanilla la case turista el mostrador la primera case la puerta de saida la saida de emergencia el vuelo ella agente de viajes ella auxiliar de vuelo el botones el carterola cartera ella inspector de aduanas el pasajerola pasajera ella recepcionista bus plane shipboat subway train customs airline seat aislewindow tourist class counter rst class gate emergency exit ight travel agent ight attendant beHboy mail carrier customs inspector passenger receptionist Spanish 3 Exam 2 el viajerola viajera la agencia de viajes el aeropuerto la autopista el billeteel boletoel pasaje la cancelacion la carretera el crucero el equipaje la escala la estacion de trenautobL39Js la gui a turi39stica el itinerario la maleta el maleti39n el mapa la mochila la montana rusa el pasaporte la playa la tarjeta de embarque el trayecto la velocidad el elojamiento la caja fuerte la habitacion doblesencilla la llave la recepcion la tarjeta magn tica la cuadra la esquina disponible llenoa vacioa abrir alojarsequedarse alquilar cancelar cerrar cubdr decir doblar escribir fracturar hacer hacer la maletaempacar ir al extranjero llevar a alguien traveler travel agency airport freeway ticket canceHann highway cruise luggage stopover trainbus station travel guide itinerary suitcase briefcase map backpack roller coaster passport beach boarding pass route speed lodging safe doublesingle room key front desk key card city block corner available full empty to open to stay in a hotel to rent to cancel to close to cover to say to turn to write to check in luggage to do to make to pack to go abroad to take someone somewhere manejarconducir morir ordenar pasar por la aduana pasar por seguridad perderse ie poner recorrer reservar revisar romper sacar dinero ver viajar voar ue vover e cajero automatico e tra co de ida y vuelta hacer cola a tarjeta de cr dito seguir i derecho una vez Spanish 3 Exam 2 to drive to die to orderto tidy up to go through customs to go through security to get lost to put to place to cover to travel to make a reservation toinspect to break to withdraw money to see to travel to y to return ATM traf c round up to stand in line credit card to go straight once


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