Study Guide American Studies/ History 2410- 80
Popular in Modern U.S. Immigration History
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American Studies/ History 2410- 80
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Popular in American Studies
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Pacicco on Tuesday March 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to American Studies/ History 2410- 80 at George Washington University taught by Professor Tom Guglielmo in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see Modern U.S. Immigration History in American Studies at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/17/15
Essay 1924 Western Hemisphere exempt Reduce amount of people that could come into the US Assigned a quota to each individual country or area Purpose and effect grealty reduced the amount the southern and eastern immigrants Increased the amount of northern and western immigrants Japan no longer exempt if you were ineligible to naturalize you were no longer able to come to the United States 1952 Eliminate some of the discriminatory measured so US could make friends against the Soviet Union Each Asian country was given a 100 annual quota Said race played no part in naturalization process Kept the quota system in place but created loopholes If you were a spouse and young children of a US citizen you were outside the quota system Gay immigrants were targeted Made deportation and denaturalization much easier European colonies in the Western Hemisphere got a quota of 100 Asian quoatas had to do with ancestory 1965 Ended national origins quotas from 1924 170K per year for Eastern hemisphere 120K per year from Western Hemisphere changed because used to be unlimited expanded quota exemptions category preference system for Eastern Hemisphere mainly close family members and particular occuanons Am rico Paredes Mexican American author born in Brownsville Texas who authored several texts focusing on the border life that existed between the United States and Mexico particularly around the Rio Grande region of South Texas Camacho article AntiTerrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act 1996 Limits the power of federal judges to grant relief unless the state court s adjunction of the claim resulted in a decision that was contrary to or involved an unreasonable application of clearly established federal law as determined by the supreme court or based on an unreasonable determination of the facts in light of the evidence presented in the state court proceeding Leaving the old world and acceptance of the new world Never clear what quotold worldquot and quotnew worldquot meant Immigrants should learn English American history and American values Combination of assimilation and cultural pluralism Immigrants might have to change a little bit but hold on to traditions Boutiier v INS 1967 The Supreme Court ruled that gays and lesbians were ineligible to immigrate Bracero Program series of laws and diplomatic agreements between the US and Mexico for the importation of temporary contract laborers from Mexico to the United States The program was continued in agriculture until its formal end in 1964 Cable Act 1922 Federal legislation that changed the status of married immigrant women so that not all of them would automatically obtain the citizenship of their husbands Chinese exclusion 1882 the Chinese Exclusion Act barred all Chinese laborers for coming for 10 years and Chinese immigrants could never become citizens 1888 Chinese Exclusion Law allowed you to come if you were under quotprotected statusquot put more money into enforcement of laws and did not allow reentry Expanded the size of the government Government said who could and who couldn t enter the US a civic nation consists of all those who subscribe to its political creed regardless of ethnicity race color religion gender or language Immigrants preserving the old in order to enrich the new America ought to sustain rather than diminish the distinctive culture of immigrant groups Help create a federation of nations where each group had a distinctive part of play Only really Europeans were included Mexican American labor leader union organizer and educator Led many labor strikes that helped Mexican and Chicana workers HartCeller Act 1965 Abolished the national origins quota system replacing it with a preference system that focused on immigrants skills and family relationships with citizens or US residents Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act 1996 Involved both immigrants and those enforcing legal immigration Directly addressed border patrol and upgrades needed for border patrol enforcers equipment and the overall patrolling process It also details an increase in interior enforcement and practices with regard to INS and investigators monitoring visa applications and visa abusers Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986 Required employers to attest to their employees immigration status Made it illegal to hire or recruit illegal immigrants knowingly Legalized illegal immigrants who entered the United States before January 1 1982 and had resided there continuously with the penalty of a ne Japanese American internment If you lived in military zone on the west coast you had to go to a government run camp Applied to both US citizens and non US citizens roughly 23 had US citizenship McCarranWalter Act 1952 eliminated race as a requirement for naturalization Mexican RepatriationExpatriation National Origins ActImmigration Act 1924 Set up the quota system for each individual country or area Immigrants from the western hemisphere were exempt Reduce the amount of immigrants that can come to the US If you are ineligible to naturalize you are therefore no longer able to come to the United States NonAmericanisms People concerned with something other than America 1 Capitalists wanted workers so they were often proponents of immigrants and what impact would be on the US 2 Homeland nationalists were not interested in debates about America because they believe that immigrants that they Will come for a short amount of time and leave because commitment to homeland 3 Left Radicals are anarchist communists socialists Nordic nationalism America was rst a Nordic nation and therefore only Nordics should be allowed to immigrant and become citizens Northern and Western Europeans Saw Southern and Eastern Europeans as inferior and should not be allowed to naturalize NyeLea Act 1935 Salire article January 27th Ozawa v U51922 Ozawa wanted to become a citizen and was turned down in Hawaii because local officials said he was not white Came to the US as a student Court ruled that he was ineligible to naturalize because he was a race that was not Caucasian due to science white and Caucasion mean the same thing Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act Welfare Reform1996 Ended welfare as an entitlement program Required recipients to begin working after two years of receiving bene ts Placing a lifetime limit of ve years on bene ts paid by federal funds Aiming to encourage two parent families and discouraging out of wedlock births Enhancing enforcement of child support and required state profession and occupational licenses to be withheld from illegal immigrants Racial nationalism nationhood is de ned by language religion customs and traditions The glue that holds people together is not shared political rights but pre existing ethnic characteristics Repeal of Chinese exclusion 1943 Repealed around World War II because the Chinese were helping us ght against the Japanese Ended Chinese exclusion and put China on an annual quota Chinese were given the right to naturalize Move away from racial restrictions on naturalization Created to provide a permanent and systematic procedure for the admission to the United States of refugees of special humanitarian concern to the US and to provide comprehensive and uniform provisions for the effective resettlement and absorption of those refugees who are admitted Main objectives were to create a new de nition of refugee increase the amount of refugees allowed each year and established the Office of US Coordinator for Refugee Affairs and the Office of Refugee Resettlement lt established explicit procedures on how to deal with refugees in the US by creating a uniform and effective resettlement and absorption policy Social Security Act 1935 Welfare funds for the elderly poor and unmarried mothers with dependent children Retirement program funded by works and employers unemployment bene ts Extremely bene cial for southern and eastern Europeans Thind was born in India graduated from college and served in the army Federal district court ruled in his favor but pieces of the US government challenged his decision Thind was optimistic because he was a veteran and most scienti c authorities thought that South Asians were white Supreme Court ruled against Thing because white and Caucasian were not the same thing did not rely on science because it too inconclusive UndocumentedUnauthorized immigration Garland reading January 20th February 2ncl WagnerRogers Act Proposed United States legislation which would have had the effect of saving the lives ofJewish children by bringing them to the United States from Nazi Germany Rejected by Congress because public opinion polls had indicated a negatice attitude toward increased immigration America is a white nation Only whites can enter and become a citizen Example the Ozawa decision Wong Kim Ark Parents were Chinese immigrant that would not allow him to reenter after a trip to China because he wasn t a citizen Supreme Court in favor of Wong because he was born here Ruled that practically everyone that was born here was a US citizen Authors Alicia Schmidt Camacho Margot Canaday wrote quotWho Is a Homosexualquot Argues that homosexuality was much more like race because it was a certain set of rules produced out of the State39s own murky encounters with difference Libby Garland wrote quotNot Quite Closed Gatesquot Talked about how Jewish smugglers aided the new era of illegal immigration Argued that quota laws created a black market for illegal immigration Thomas Guglielmo wrote quotEncountering the Color Line in the Everydayquot Talks about how Italians became so deeply embedded in quottheirquot whiteness and their fundamental difference from blackness He also argues that Italians came to believe that their whiteness gave them special access to neighborhoods and public housing projects Beth LewWilliams wrote quotBefore Restriction Became Exclusionquot Argues that the 1882 act did not intend to exclude Chinese immigrants more to slow the tide of immigration Lucy Salyer wrote quotBaptism by Firequot Argued that naturalization laws did not become more liberal after World War I like they did in other wars Talked about how military service became a pathway to citizenship especially for European Americans
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