Intro to Theatre, Study Guide for Exam 2
Intro to Theatre, Study Guide for Exam 2 CO 1503
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CO 1503 at Mississippi State University taught by William Stockstill in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 109 views. For similar materials see Intro to Theatre in Communication at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/27/16
Intro to Theatre Final Study Guide Restoration Charles II o Parliament reinstates the limited monarch and Charles II comes to power in England o He brings French theatrical ideas with him including Neoclassicism Neoclassicism o Origin in Italy but exploded in France o This was the word in anything France o Verisimilitude is the appearance of truth o Shakespeare didn’t follow Neoclassicism Neoclassicism Unites o Time No more than 24 hours o Place One location Characters travel in timely manner o Action One plot with little to no subplot Comedy of manners o Most popular of all comedies o Characters drawn from the upper classes o Character interest Sex and seduction Arranged marriages The latest fashions Witty repartee o Often substituted words for others to get past government censorship o Appealed to middle class because made fun of upper class Ballard Opera o In 1978 the first ballad opera was produced Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera o Emerged in part out of the popular Italian Opera o Included spoken dialogue with lyrics set to popular songs of the time Audience could sing along World Theatre Asian Theatre o Knew nothing of Greek or Rome theatre o Asian theatre is comprised of different forms o It’s about historical traditions o Western theatre vs. Eastern theatre Asian theatre relies more heavily on dance than Western Non-realistic makeup or masks are used in Asian Structure: non-Aristotelian ideas of action, unity and the interrelated parts of play (not linear storyline) Acting symbolic and ritualistic as opposes to the mimetic style of the West (each move means something different) Obscure origin but theorized to come from religious root Epic o a long story that recounts the tale of legendary hero Indian Theatre o Origin: 3000 BCE o Colorful and vibrant theatre o Sanskrit plays First recorded plays in history (2600 years ago) Sanskrit is the classical Indian language Based on epic tales of the Hindu religion o Basics Flawed hero who must go through trials on a path to success Funny side kick Comic story, never tragic Themes Love Rebirth Restoration Redemption o Actors were in mask of specific colors which let the audience know who they were o Music and dance were a major part of any Sanskrit play Beijing Opera o Developed from Zaju and Kunqu o Emphasis on actors o Costumes and make-up are color coded o Subject Monsters Hero-tales Fairy tales Noh Drama o Formal Japanese theatre o Very long, very slow; ritualistic o Combination of dance, music, and acrobatics o Movements and gestures are carefully choreographed o Movements is the language of the play Kabuki Theatre o One of the most popular forms of theatre o Noh theatre appealed to higher taste o Kabuki is theatre for everyone o Lots of magic tricks o 1603- first Kabuki performance Female actress performed religious dance in male garb, adding erotic elements to the dance Kabuki troupes of women began performing dressed as male Extremely popular with all classes Got a little too weird and government banned female performer Males began training to act as women Modern Theatre Realism o 1850’s- art and intellectual critics of France demanded an objective observation on the surrounding world Romantics perceived the world as emotional o Move towards objectivism establishes realism Objective: art must depict the real world so viewers can make up their mind about how to feel Artists do this by focusing on now and capturing everyday life (present facts) Henrick Ibsen o Born 1828 o Norwegian playwright o Father of modern realism o Play A Doll’s House is the beginning of the Realism movement in Europe Realistic domestic trouble portrayed in a realistic setting and acting in front of an audience Worldwide phenomenon and controversy Some places rioted due to the controversial ending and realistic portrayal of the characters/actions Makes audiences uncomfortable because hits too close to home Stanislavsky o From Moscow, Russia o Made modern realistic acting o Applied psychological teachings to approach acting in a realistic manner o Stanislavsky and Chekhov Russian playwright in the late 1800’s Worked with Stanislavsky at the MAT Plays were realistic in characterization and action Included a massive amount of subtext for the actors to portray on stage Fourth wall o The idea that in a realistic drama, the audience was like a voyeur, peering through an invisible wall at the action within o Invisible to the actors, pretend walls are still there o In realism, the actors did not “break” the fourth wall meaning they didn’t address the audience Epic Theatre o Purpose Goal is for social change and engaged the audience as an active participant Shouldn’t be too emotionally attached so Brecht takes emotion out so audience can make decisions o Alienation Theatrical techniques used to highlight the theatricality of the production Characters know they are characters This constantly reminds the audience that they are watching a okay They are then free to make decisions on the play’s actions and theme Bertolt Brecht o German theatre director o Purpose of theatre is social change o Created epic theatre Existentialism o Religion, society, and government don’t work together because humans are responsible for their own actions o The search and journey for true self and true personal meaning in life o Principles of existential thought Human free will Human nature is chosen through life choices The best of you comes out when you’re fighting for own life Big decisions cause stress and consequences There are things that are not rational Society is unnatural and religious and secular rules are arbitrary Worldly desire is futile Absurdism o Europe had known war for three straight decades in the early 20 century o The entire continent was ravaged and dislocated again and again o Art reflects society and how people view the world Musical Book o The book of a musical is the spine of the production Opera o A story told almost exclusively with music o Originally produced for the aristocracy and court o Used spectacular effects to dazzle and impress o Incorporates all aspects of fine arts o Larger than life, spectacle Operetta o Comic opera o Romantic comedy o Witty lyrics o Smaller than an opera Book musical o All dramatic action is integrated and grows out of the plot o Rather than stopping the action of the play for a song o Songs are a part of the life of the characters Concept musical o A musical which explores ideas in a non-traditional structure or approach o New way of telling stories, plots aren’t necessary o Non-linear storytelling o Metaphors and ideas concerning society, relationships, political freedom, philosophy, and storytelling Gilbert and Sullivan o Worked on the operetta o All dramatic action is integrated and grows out of the plot o Rather than stopping the action of the play for a song Directing Types of directors o Script serving directors Bring playwrights vision to life Translates playwrights opinions and ideas Don’t put in their own ideas o Auteur directors Have a very strong visual style Superimposes their own ideas Don’t care about playwright’s ideas o Half directors Mix of both script serving and au tore Find own artistic vision to highlight playwright’s vision Duties of directors o Choosing a play o Analyze play’s themes, characters, and history o Pre-production period Process before casting Have design meetings with designers Design elements are done by end of process o Casting Traditional casting Actor fits role as described Nontraditional casting Anybody can play the role Gender-blind, color-blind, age-blind o Rehearsal process It’s fun and easier Figure out how to tell the story (pacing) Table work Actors and directors sit at table, read and analyze script Blocking Stage movement Pre-blocking is specific moves at each line Organic blocking is given only start and finish Lasts from two weeks to six months o Technical rehearsals Add in costumes, scenery, lighting, microphones, and sound Three days of tech before opening Cue to cue Look or action has to be triggered o Dress rehearsals Three dress rehearsals with costumes then open show Run with costumes on Acting Training o Training=approach o Each actor has their own method of acting Stanislavsky o Father of modern realism o The Big 3 Objective- what do I want? Motivation- why do I want it? Actions/Tactics- how do I go about getting what I want? o Focus The key point of a performance or script The reason why the actor is there is not to show off o Magic if Similar situations from an actors own life experiences to relate to the characters experience (similar to method acting) Strasberg o Schools of training Actors Studio Group Theatre o Method acting Actor uses personal experiences and emotions to create an honest performance Stella Adler o Given circumstance Anything set forth by the playwright/screenwriter which affects the character’s behavior Age, gender, social class, climate, nationality, time of day, historical time period
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