Final Study Guide Chem 1314
Final Study Guide Chem 1314 Chem 1314
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Morgan Walker on Wednesday April 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Chem 1314 at Oklahoma State University taught by Dr. Jimmie Weaver in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see General Chemistry in Chemistry at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 04/27/16
General Chemistry Final Exam Study Guide Chapter One 1. What is the difference between a theory, law and hypothesis? 2. What is the difference between a pure substance and a mixture? 3. What is a physical property and a chemical property? 4. How do you determine sigfigs when multiplying, dividing, adding and subtracting? 5. Difference between an element and a compound? 6. Difference between precision and accuracy? Chapter Two 1. What is atomic mass and how is it calculated? 2. What is the law of definite proportions? 3. How and by whom was the electron discovered and what was its properties? 4. What is the periodic law and how did it lead to the periodic table? 5. Convert from moles to number of atoms and from mass to moles. 6. Predict the charge of the ion formed by O, F, Mg and Na. Chapter Three 1. Difference between an ionic bond and covalent bond? 2. What is the difference between molecular and empirical formula? 3. Calculate formula mass, percent composition. 4. Balance chemical equations 5. Name acids and molecular, ionic and polyatomic ions. 6. Getting an empirical formula from combustion analysis. Chapter Four 1. What is a strong acid and what is a weak acid? 2. What is a precipitation reaction? 3. Solution dilutions 4. Solubility rules 5. Writing complete ionic, net ionic and combustion equations 6. Assigning oxidation states and finding oxidizing agents and reducing agents. Chapter Five 1. Explain the different Gas Laws (Boyle’s, Charles and Avogadro’s) 2. What is the ideal gas law? 3. STP and its values 4. Convert from different pressure units 5. Total pressure, partial pressure and mole fractions from gases in a mixture 6. Relate the amount of reactants and products in a gas mixture Chapter Six 1. What is the law of conservation of energy? 2. How pressure-volume work calculated and what is it? 3. Change in enthalpy 4. Know the different calorimeters and their calculations 5. What is Hess’s law? 6. Endothermic and Exothermic reactions and their signs Chapter Seven 1. What are wavelength and amplitude and how are they related? 2. What determines the color of an object? 3. What is electron diffraction? 4. Calculate the energy of a photon 5. Know quantum numbers and their relationship to orbitals 6. Relate wavelength, energy, frequency to the Electromagnetic Spectrum Chapter Eight 1. What is shielding/ penetration? 2. Periodic trends (ionization energy, electron affinity and metallic character) 3. Difference between diamagnetic and paramagnetic 4. Know how to write electron configurations and orbital diagrams 5. Use periodic trends to predict atom size as well as ion size 6. Write reactions for the Halogens and Alkali Metals Chapter Nine 1. Know how to assign formal charges 2. Writing Lewis structures and resonance structures 3. Classifying bonds as pure covalent, covalent or ionic 4. Calculate ΔH rxnfrom bond energies 5. What is lattice energy? 6. What are the exemptions to the octet rule and which elements have expanded octets? Chapter Ten 1. Know what a sigma bond looks like and what a pi bond looks like/ how to draw them 2. Use VSERP to predict the shape of the molecule (chart may or may not be on final) 3. Use molecular shape to determine the polarity of a molecule 4. Write hybridization schemes 5. Predict the shapes of larger molecules 6. Know what lone pairs do to a molecule Pearson Mastering- Chemistry
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