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SYRACUSE / History / HST 102 / who is William Jennings Bryan?

who is William Jennings Bryan?

who is William Jennings Bryan?

Description

School: Syracuse University
Department: History
Course: American History Since 1865
Professor: Jeffrey gonda
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: history
Cost: 50
Name: HST 102 FINAL STUDY GUIDE
Description: HST 102 Final Study Guide
Uploaded: 04/28/2016
5 Pages 10 Views 16 Unlocks
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Part II: Short Answer IDs


who is William Jennings Bryan?



1. William Jennings Bryan: William Jennings Bryan was a young five brand  congressman from Nebraska. He barnstormed the county to rally support instead of  using surrogates and won over many Populists at the Democratic convention by  speaking out against the gold standard. Bryant’s loss to William McKinley ended the  Populist Movement’s national presence.

2. First New Deal: The First New Deal was a series of programs crafted by multiple  authors with various objectives and enacted by President Franklin Roosevelt in  response to the Great Depression and aimed for relief for the unemployed and poor,  recovery of the economy and reform of the financial system. It shifted the balance of  American party politics and brought the government into American lives more than ever  before. It also set long lasting political and economic transformations in motion. 3. Bonus Army: The Bonus Army was the popular name of the marchers on  Washington. In 1932, 20,000 of which were unemployed World War I veterans  protesting Hoover’s response to the worsening economy crisis. They remained as  squatters in public lands and buildings. President Hoover used the army to drive them  out and burn their camps. This caused a lot of public outrage and proved Hoover’s re election chances as very slim.


what is the series of programs crafted by multiple authors with various objectives and enacted by President Franklin Roosevelt in response to the Great Depression and aimed for relief for the unemployed and poor?



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4. Presidential Reconstruction: Presidential Reconstruction occurred between 1865  and 1867 when President Andrew Johnson seized control. He prioritized reunion and  pardoned white southerners. He granted individual pardons and streamlined  readmission. It led to troubling outcomes as Confederate leaders were reelected and  ‘black codes’ were established to limit the rights of African Americans. 5. Welfare Capitalism: Welfare Capitalism sprung up after World War I, which  disillusioned Progressives. The economy was booming and the presidency was back to  a weaker position. Big businesses thus provided new benefits to workers like pensions,  insurance plans, job security and leisure activities. It served to prevent government  regulation and unionization. Also, it helped in encouraging discipline and building  company loyalty.


when did Presidential Reconstruction occur?



6. Fourteenth Amendment: The 14th amendment in 1868 to the constitution confers  citizenship on all people born in the U.S. and guarantees them equal protection under  the law. It was adopted under the Grant Administration and left African Americans with  newfound freedom, which they were to define it for themselves through a variety of  

forms.

7. Red Scare: The Red Scare was the promotion of the fear of rising communism and  hardcore leftism in American society. Although before the 1930s, communism was a  fringe presence, the Communist party started to grow during the depression. The red  scare rejected capitalism and was increasingly visible, although it was a small  movement. It profoundly altered the temper of American society and was contributory to  the popularity of anti-communist espionage/science fiction films. We also discuss several other topics like bsc 2011 exam 3 usf

8. Compromise of 1877: The Compromise of 1877 was a deal which put an end to  federal military occupation in the South and installed R. B. Hayes as President of the  U.S after the intensely disputed election if 1876. It effectively ended the Reconstruction  Era.

9. Sixteenth Amendment: The 16th Amendment was proposed in 1909 by Congress  under the presidency of William Howard Taft. It gave the federal government the power  to impose income taxes directly on individuals during peacetime. It gained broad  popular support and was ratified in 1913. It signified the growing power of the  Progressives and expanded the government’s power over the people. 10. Ida B. Wells-Barnett: Ida B. Wells-Barnett was an African American who was the  early leader of the Civil Rights Movement and a very important figure in the women’s  suffrage movement. She campaigned against lynching and established many women’s  organizations and settlement houses, such as the Alpha Suffrage Club. She was one of  the most famous black activists in the US during her time. Don't forget about the age old question of world history map quiz

11. Treaty of Paris: The treaty of Paris was signed in 1898. It involved Spain  relinquishing the territories of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines in exchange  for $20 million. It officially ended the Spanish American war. It marked the end of the  Spanish Empire and marked the beginning of America as a world power. 12. Lend-Lease: Lend-Lease was a program initiated by Present Roosevelt in 1941,  which allowed Britain to borrow military supplies from the US. It tied the U.S to Britain  during WWI and set up an inevitable entry of the U.S. into the war. It marked the end of  post-WWI isolationism in American foreign policy.

13. Busing: Busing was a practice of overcoming the effects of racial segregation after  Brown v. Board of Education (1954) overturned racial segregation in schools. Buses  were a frequent site of violence and humiliation in the South. Busing signified he  growing support (both federal and public) for the Civil Rights Movement and the recent  gains it made.

14. “Reaganomics”: President Ronald Reagan’s economic policy which had three key  pillars, which were to curtail the power of organized labor, deregulation and tax cuts.  Each of these pillars was a challenge to New Deal policies. It assumed that lower taxes  will increase spending, charitable giving, and work output. It transformed U.S. economic  policy, a changing view about the proper federal role in the economy. 15. The Korean War: In the Summer of 1950, North Korean troops invaded the South.  The US and USSR occupied the Korean peninsula during this war. The US persuaded  the UN to support South Korea and occupied most of North Korea. China intervened on  North Korea’s behalf, and the war came to a stalemate in 1951. It was a key test of US  containment policy and highlighted the country’s global standing. If you want to learn more check out acg 2021

16. Paul Weyrich: Paul Weyrich was a conservative political activist who tried to  attempted to mobilize evangelicals since 1964. He founded the Heritage Foundation, a  conservative think tank which promoted free enterprise. It has grown into one of the  world's largest public policy research institutes and has been hugely influential in  advancing conservative policies. We also discuss several other topics like biol 1103

17. 1968 Democratic National Convention: The 1968 Democratic National  Convention inc Chicago led to the victory of pro-war Vice President Hubert Humphrey.  Antiwar activists converged on the city to stage massive protests which led to  demonstrations and clashes with police in a series of violent, televised outbursts. This  left the Democratic Party in political shambles.

18. The Great Society: A set of domestic programs launched by President Lyndon  Johnson in 1964 with the goal of eliminating poverty and racial injustice, and improving  health care and education. A lot of reforms of the Great Society continue to this day,

although anti-war democrats suggested that the cost of the Vietnam war greatly effected  these programs.

19. Bracero Program: It was a series of agreements in 1942 which granted basic  human rights and minimum wage to Mexican workers as part of the Mexican Farm  Labor Agreement. It allowed the importation of Mexican supply workers during the early  phases of WWII. It also expanded opportunities for Chicano men and women and  strengthened protest organizations to fight for greater citizenship rights. 20. The Lavender Scare: The Lavender Scare refers to the crackdown on many  movements under the guise of anticommunism and the harassment and firings of gay  and lesbian federal employees in the 1950s. This scare contributed to the pervasion of  fear in American society and was part of the drastic change in domestic and military  policies during the Cold War. Don't forget about the age old question of 190 in spanish

21. A. Philip Randolph: He was the leader of the African-American Civil Rights  Movement and the American Labor Movement. He led the March on Washington  Movement and played a huge role in putting an end to discrimination in the defense  industries during WWII. The movement also succeeded in ending segregation in the  armed services in 1948.

22. The TV: The TV provided an outlet for Americans to remain connected and informed  in the tumultuous times of the Cold War; Comedies, sitcoms and variety shows provided  families a temporal distraction from the daily threats of the Cold War, while the nightly  news kept them informed of the political situation. After the second World War during  the era of consumption, TV was available in 90% of American households and delivered  most of American news & advertisements.

23. Earth Day: An event that demonstrated support for environmental protection. The  first event in 1970 was observed by 20 million people and was the largest public  demonstration in America of the era. It showed the growing support for the  environmental movement amid concerns of pollution and environmental disintegration. 24. Voting Rights Act (1965): The Voting Rights Act was passed by President Lyndon  B. Johnson in 1965. It abolished literacy tests, poll taxes and authorized federal  intervention in voter registration. It also initiated a lawsuit against 4 states still using the  poll tax. The Voting Rights Act significantly increased the proportion of registered black  adults between 1964 and 1969.

25. Phyllis Schlafly: Phyllis Schlafly is a conservative American activist. She is an  outspoken opponent of Women’s Liberation movement and advocates traditional gender  roles as America’s bedrock. She opposed the ratification of the Equal Rights  Amendment, which was a constitutional ban on sex discrimination. Her opposition to the  amendment stalled the ERA and blocked its ratification in 1972.

26. The “Four P’s”: The “Four P’s” were what President Nixon campaigned against in  order to introduce law and order and to return American conservative societal values,  which were associated with changing social, legal and political conditions. They were  “pot,” “pornography,” “protest,” and “permissiveness.” This was one of Nixon’s strategies  to stroke public fears of social chaos and radicalism during the election to gain support,  which he won in 1968.

27. Federal Highway Act: The Federal Highway Act of 1956 was enacted under  President Dwight Eisenhower. It allocated $25 billion for construction of interstate  highways over 10 years with 41,000 miles of roads. It helped the suburban shift,

transformed daily life, consumption and the physical landscape of the country. It was  also the largest public works program in American history to that point. 28. Containment: Containment was a new US Foreign policy. It’s objective was to stop  Soviet expansion and the spread of communism. It was crystallized in the Truman  Doctrine in 1947. It requested military and economic aid for Turkey and Greece. It was  the basis of the next 30 years of policy. It also marked the change of Us global priorities. 29. “D-Day”: June 6, 1944, the day when 3 million Allied troops launched invasion on  the beaches of Normandy to reclaim France. In August, Allied forces liberated Paris  after 4 years of Nazi control. It ended serious military resistance in Western Europe and  contributed to Allied victory in the Western Front.

30. Executive Order 9981: The Executive Order 9981 was an order signed by  President Harry Truman in 1948. It abolished racial discrimination and established  equality of treatment and opportunity in the US armed forces. It eventually led to the end  of segregation in the services.

31. Executive Order 9066: The Executive Order 9066 was an order signed by  President F.D.Roosevelt in 1942 during the Second World War. It allowed the Secretary  of War and designated commanders to establish military areas and exclude anyone  they wish from the region. This resulted in the exclusion of people of Japanese descent  from the west coast to “relocation centers” where they were treated poorly. 32. "Domino Theory”: The “domino theory” was a theory prominent in the 1950s to the  1980s and was popularized by President Dwight Eisenhower in 1954 when he urged  that the US must support weaker nations neighboring communist power to prevent a  “domino effect” of communism. He asserted that the collapse of weaker nations would  lead to the potential collapse of the U.S, and took Southeast Asia as a major example. 33. Levittown: Levittown was a suburban development built by William Levtt on 1200  acres in Long Island. It consisted of 10,000 nearly identical homes priced under $10,000  each. It was soon home to 400,000 people which signified the era of consumption after  the second World War and the rise in popularity of the suburbs. It remained racial  segregated until the 1960s.

34. G.I. Bill: The Servicemen’s Readjustment Act (The G.I. Bill) was proposed by  President FDR in 1944. It gave benefits to returning WWII veterans, offering education  scholarships, pensions, job training programs, health care, business loans. It was one of  the most far reaching pieces of social legislation in the history of the US. It was also a  major contribution to America's stock of human capital that sped long-term economic  growth after the war.

35. Watergate: Watergate was a political scandal involving President Nixon’s  administration and it’s cover-up of the scandal. It started with the arrest of 5 men  affiliated with the administration while breaking into the Democratic Party HQ at the  Watergate Hotel. It also involved investigations of Oval Office conversations which were  recorded by Nixon. It led to the eventual resignation of President Nixon. Watergate  destroyed public trust in the presidency and the federal government and heightened  cynicism.

36. Brown v. Board of Education: Brown v. Board of Education was a 1954 Supreme  Court case which led to the overturn of the state sponsored segregation laws in schools  in Plessy v. Ferguson. It declared the “separate but equal” unconstitutional. It was hailed

as a new birth of freedom for black communities but inspired widespread resistance and  was slow to be implemented.

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