Final Study Guide
Final Study Guide SPCH 2050
Popular in Media, Culture and Society
Popular in Linguistics and Speech Pathology
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shaynah Hilaire on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPCH 2050 at Georgia State University taught by Sandmeier in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Media, Culture and Society in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 04/28/16
Miglena Sandmeier • Media, Culture & Society Review Sheet for Final Exam Description: The final exam will be worth 350 points. The test will be multiple choice. This test WILL BE IN SCANTRON FORMAT, so you HAVE TO fill in the scantron, and also to write your answers directly on the test, for a back up copy. You won’t need to bring a scantron forms, but you but you must bring your own pencils. Each question will be worth 5 points. The exam will cover the information in the lectures, along with the parts of the textbook that were highlighted in class. Study the following list of topics, and you will do satellite systems designed to link and carry computer just fine: info worldwide The World Wide Web: a datalinking system for organizing and standardizing info on the Internet Media Why the Internet is Open? See notes for Net Economics Neutrality Some basic terms: Direct payment v. Indirect payment: Media products supported primarily by consumers, who pay directly for a book, movie, music download, etc V. Media products supported primarily by advertisers, Net Neutrality: the principle that every Website who pay for the quantity/quality of audience members that a particular medium delivers and every user has the right to the same Internet network speed and access Regulation & deregulation: much higher prices for A Video Game Timeline: Penny Arcades, Pinball some products, consolidation of ownership, large companies tend to diversify across an entire industry to Machines, Cathode Ray Tube (1948), Pong, Death avoid antitrust laws, an increase in the availability of Race (1976); Super Mario Bros (1985), lowwage jobs at the expense of higherpaying middle jobs, and an increase in compensation for toplevel PlayStation (1994), Xbox LIVE (2002), World of Warcraft (2004), employees Collective Intelligence: the sharing of knowledge and Global economics: the extension of synergy to international levels; the way corps buy multiple ideas, particularly in the world of gaming Gender Problems in Video Games: frequency and products/companies to take advantages of their playability (ability to play a male character vs female interaction The stuff at the end of the end of the presentation: character), physical abilities, role in the game, and physical representation (body, attire, etc) Cultural imperialism: American culture The stuff at the end of the end of the presentation dominates the media, crowding out local alternatives Stuff From the First Two Tests The Internet & Gaming Who invented the Internet? Telecommunications Act of 1996: knocked down regulatory barriers for the communications industry; ARPAnet, 1960s abolish most TV ownership An Internet timeline: first signal of the Net’s marketability with intro of microprocessors (1971); Radio Act of 1912: Congress addressed the problem of amateur radio operators increasingly cramming the NSFNET designed to link university research computer airwaves centers around the country & also encourage private investment in the Net (1986); fiberoptic cable: Radio Act of 1927: radio stations are required to transmitting communication data speedily (mid1980s) operate in the “public interest, convenience, or necessity.” Definition of the Internet: the vast network of telephone and cable lines, wireless connections, and Communications Act of 1934: mandates that during elections, broadcast stations must provide equal opportunities and response time for qualified political controversial news candidates report Feature syndicates: commercial outlets/brokers that Near v. Minnesota: contract with newspapers to provide work from well Supreme Court known political writers, editorial cartoonists, comic determined that a strip artists, and selfhelp columnists Minneapolis Sara Josepha Hale: newspaper couldn’t started the first be stopped from magazine directed publishing exclusively to the “scandalous and female audience: The defamatory” material Ladies’ Magazine; about police and law magazine advocated officials whom they for women’s felt were negligent in education, work and arresting and property rights punishing local The Progressive gangsters case: 1979; dispute FCC v. Pacifica Foundation: require broadcasters to air began when adult programming at time when children are not likely publishers sent a to be listening draft to the DOE to Burstyn v. Wilson: 1952; the movie’s distributor sued verify technical the head of the NY Film Licensing Board for banning portions of the the film; A few religious and political leaders article, but because considered the 1948 Italian film sacrilegious and the DOE believed pressured the film board for the ban; the supreme court that the article declared that movies were “a significant medium for contained sensitive the communication of ideas” the decision granted data that might films the same constitutional protections as those damage U.S efforts enjoyed by the print media and other forms of speech to halt the Mutual v. Ohio: Mutual Film Company sued Ohio proliferation of whose review board had censored a number of nuclear weapons, distributor’s films; Supreme Court rules that motion they told them not to publish it. However, pictures were not a form of speech, but “a business pure and simple” they proceeded The SPJ codes of ethics (four major sections, four anyways, and they government sued the ethical directives): Seek Truth and Report It, Minimize Harm, Act Independently, and Be Accountable Progressive and asked a fed. District Section 315 of The 1934 Communications Act: If court to block broadcasters give/sell time to one candidate, they must give/sell the same opportunity to others publication; Judge Warren’s decision Who invented television? Philo Farnsworth stands as the 1 time Consensus narratives: cultural products that become in American history popular and command wide attention, providing shared that a priorrestraint cultural experiences order imposed in the name of national The year of the movie attendance peak and the reasons movie attendance declined: 1947; declined because security actually couples started to use their income on new homes, stopped the initial publication of a appliances, and babies The cultural impact of movies: Movies are “America’s monopoly: a single firm dominates production and storyteller,” Movies help us process changing values, movies bring us together, they define and serve as oligopoly: a few firms control most of an industry’s markers for periods of time production and distribution resources Cultural studies & rhetorical studies: the approaches that try to understand how the media and culture are limited competition: a many producers and sellers but only tied to the actual patterns of communication used in daily life; envisioned as an artful skill and a means of a few differentiable products persuasion Selective exposure & selective retention: the hegemony: the acceptance of the dominant values in a phenomenon whereby audiences seek messages and culture by those who are subordinate to those who hold economic and political power meanings that correspond to their preexisting beliefs and values; the phenomenon whereby audiences remember/ retain messages/meanings that correspond economies of scale: as production levels increase, cost per to their preexisting beliefs and values unit goes down The cultivation effect: the idea that heavy TV viewing leads individuals to perceive reality in ways that are Moore’s Law: consistent with the portrayals they see on TV Jürgen Habermas: considered relationship between Spiral of Silence: a theory that links the mass media, social communication and democracy; public sphere (1962); psychology, and the formation of public opinion; theory found societies to be increasingly influence by free says that people who hold minority views on controversial trade and the rise of the printing press issues tend to keep their views silent The early history of the Internet: originated as a militarygov’t project, with computer timesharing as What are these about? Learn to distinguish them so you one of its goals (1960); a multimedia source for both know which one is which in a question with a info and entertainment as it quickly became an integral different context. There may be more than one part of our daily lives (2000); question including these. Absolute & qualified privilege: privilege that protects Clayton Antitrust Act: (1890) stopped business from its holder from all harms arising from any action/inaction; a legal right allowing journalists to selling only to those who rejected competitors’ products report judicial/legislative proceedings even though the McCainFeingold Act: public statements being reported may be libelous ruling that “the Who invented the World Wide Web & where? Initially government may not ban a text data linking system that allowed computer political spending by accessed info to associate with other info no matter corporations in candidate where it was on the Internet; Switzerland elections” overturned 2 Slander vs. Libel: spoken language that defames a decades of precedents person’s character; the defamation of character in that had limited direct written expression corporate spending on Definition of prior restraint: prohibits courts and campaigns which placed governments from blocking any publication or speech restrictions on buying before it actually occurs TV and radio campaign Modern definition of obscenity: how movies are ads protected Sherman Antitrust Act: (1914) outlawed monopolies OTHER STUFF: and other anticompetitive practices AntiMonopoly Act of 1921: digital divide: the growing contrast between those who do and those who don’t have access to digital technology and CellerKefauver Act: 1950; corporate mergers and media, such as the Internet joint ventures that reduce competition are limited Synergy Haptic: when Adolph Zukor: eventually will run Paramount Pictures; his the interaction of early companies figured out ways to bypass the Trust, and a multiple elements is suit by Fox, a nickelodeon operator turned film distributor, greater than the sum of resulted in the Trust’s breakup due to restraint of trade its parts; the way violations in 1917 corporations buy William Fox: established multiple Twentieth Century Fox; products/companies to Paul Nipkow: developed the take advantage of their interaction scanning disk, a large flat metal disk with a series of small Kinetics: perforations organized in a What is TCP/IP in the context of the internet? TCP is the spiral pattern; served as the foundation for experiments on component that collects and reassembles the packets of the transmission of visual data; IP is responsible for making sure the packets are sent to the right destination images Who are these people and what have they done for What is modding? Slang for modifying game communications? software/hardware The most advance form of collective intelligence
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