Final Exam Study Guide
Final Exam Study Guide TA 110
Popular in intro to theatre
Popular in Theatre
verified elite notetaker
This 13 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jordan Rouse on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to TA 110 at University of Kentucky taught by Professor Ritter in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see intro to theatre in Theatre at University of Kentucky.
Reviews for Final Exam Study Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/28/16
TA 110 Study Guide Spring 2016 1. Theatre as an Art Form (what it is and isn’t) Is: A way to understand the world via emotions Isn’t: 2. Anton Chekhov Russian doctor Greatest playwright Tragicomedy Subtext 3. Henrik Ibsen father of modern drama 4. Differences between Theatre & Film 5. The Playwright Playwright creates blueprint Greeks are 1st playwrights Creates rules and world Creates basics, not final product; willing to leave ideas open to the director Dialogue tells the story through conversation 6. The Actor the most visible members of the creative team 7. Objective (in acting) what the character wants, or what the character's goal is 8. The Designers (Costume, Set, Lights, etc) Set designer/light designer: Create look of the show Designer: Collaborative artist Costume Design: Clothing: Gives us lots of information: time period, region, tradition, status 9. The Dramaturg Professional researcher Assemble information and get it to who needs it Catch things no one else notices Fills in the details 10. The Stage Manager Crucial Practical and logistical elements of Production: rehearsal schedule, communication between staff Take notes in rehearsal Tell director when breaks happen 11. The Director Oversees everyone’s tasks Demanding 12. The Artistic Director Responsible for all Artistic decisions Casting Hiring designers Conceiving, developing and implementing decisions 13. The Director’s Concept The unifying concept 14. Technical Director Almost all theatre has tech director Problem solvers of theatre Run Shop where sets are built 15. Costume Technologist Making things work Right costume piece 16. Theatre Artifacts Costume Sets Props Photos/videos Reviews, memories 17. Copyright Laws in regards to Theatre 18. Black Box Set in a number of different ways Problem with hiding things offstage 19. Proscenium Most common Looking at stage 20. Thrust playing space comes out into audience so audience is on three sides No big set pieces in thrust theatre 21. SiteSpecific and/or Found Such as outdoor park, if the play’s setting is outside 22. Inthe Round Not used as often Watch sight lines one person is always looking at the back of someone 23. Broadway Commercial (for profit) Proscenium (large) 40 theatres Not new productions Broadway Tours London’s West End transfers productions between Broadway 24. OffBroadway Different outlook for work Various places around NYC 99500 seats Not all proscenium Professional Some shows transfer to Broadway 25. OffOffBroadway 1960s Cheaper/no location Fewer than 99 seats Professional and non professional 26. Regional Theatre LORT (League of Resident Theatres) Professional, nonprofit 27. Community Theatre Traditional/safe Local 28. University Theatre Training Seasonal plays Push boundaries 29. The San Francisco Mime Troupe politica 30. Complicite Aesthetic style Simon McBurney Theatrical 1983 31. Luis Valdez Wrote el teatro campesino 32. El Teatro Campesino by Luis Valdez cultural identity 33. Difference between a play, production, and performance Play o Fixed o Blueprint o Stage direction o Dialogue Production o Different people creating a play Performance o Particular showing of a production 34. Realism/NonRealism Story Lion King, vs. pub scene Characters Language poetic vs. realistic speech (using umms, Acting naturalistic, dramatic (musical) Makeup Combination of realistic and nonrealistic elements depict something that can’t be shown in any other way ex. Using a swing as an airplane 35. Ancient Greek Theatrical Conventions - Outside - Men - 3 actors - Masks - Chorus - Chanted or sung - Stylize costume 36. Ancient Greek plays in today’s society - Renaissance Greek Theatre comes back - Lyssostreda comedy still done today - Oresteia only intact trilogy - Gospel at Colonus sang in Gospel music 37. Thespis - first actor from ancient Greece 38. Sophocles - Tragic playwright 39. Aeschylus - Tragic playwright 40. Aristophanes - Comedic playwright 41. Lysistrata - comedy still done today 42. Euripides - Tragic playwright 43. Socrates - Socrates uncertain what he thought about theatre, never wrote anything down - First Critics of Theatre 44. Plato - Plato Socrates student; wrote more - First Critics of Theatre 45. Aristotle - Aristotle Plato’s student; wrote even more than Plato - First Critics of Theatre 46. The Republic 47. The Poetics 48. The Clouds 49. Absurdism - essential elements of the human condition in dark humorous ways 50. Existentialism - Character has own choice about future, often used to make a strong point 51. Alfred Jarry - Wrote Ubu Roi - Unusual style, opened doors to modernism 52. Dada/Dadaism - art movement of the European avantgarde in the early 20th century - height of New York Dada, in 1915 53. Bertolt Brecht - Alienation effect 54. Not I 55. Samuel Beckett - Wrote waiting for godot - Nobel prize for literature - Theatre of the absurd 56. Edward Albee - Playwright - Zoo story 57. Alienation technique - a performing arts concept of playing in such a way that the audience was hindered from simply identifying itself with the characters in the play 58. William Shakespeare in his own time… a. The Globe - Shakespeare was part owner of The Globe b. Blackfriars Associated also with Blackfriar, indoor space c. Why so revered? - 59. A Midsummer Night’s Dream inclass lecture notes 60. Elizabethan England/Jacobean England Theatre Conventions - Prosperous time under Queen Elizabeth - King James reigned after and maintained status 61. First Professional Theatre Scene - permanent theatre, competing Globe 62. James Burbage and The Theatre - Built theatre in London 1570s by James Burbage calls it The Theatre 63. Elizabethan/Jacobean theatrical conventions - all male actors - Part of theatre companies, 12 or fewer, shareholders 64. Christopher Marlowe - Playwright - born same year as Shakespeare, big influence - Died young, early success in bar fight - Possible spy for British Government 65. Philip Henslowe - Manager - Kept diary with records - Operated rose theatre 66. Edward Alleyn - Famous actor, number of Marlow’s plays - Exception to rule of not being admired - Opened school for boys 67. Richard Burbage - Shakespeare lead actor - Successful career - Respected by public 68. First Folio - What happens after Shakespeare’s death? - Gathered plays and published them together called First Folio - 700 initial copies - 200 survived 69. The Reconstructed Globe - Reconstructed Globe same neighborhood where it originally stood - Stands in London - Came back due to Sam Wanamaker - Many people thought it was crazy to rebuild, not practical - Passed away before seeing the end result - Original Practice productions: all costume made as they would have been (all male actors, same dyes as was used - Don’t do all of their shows this way - Not perfect replica, but did what they could 70. Sam Wanamaker - Idea to reconstruct globe 71. Shakespeare in the 17 Century (England) - King Charles decides to build new theatres, but different in structure - Smaller, indoor, put on Shakespeare’s plays - Finally put women on stage 1662 72. Shakespeare in the 18 & 19 Century (England) - century significant difference, precenium theaters much more about how big sets can be and impressive costume, cutting scripts, things cut and added - Emphasis on star actors 73. Henry Irving - First actor to be knighted in 1895, highest public decoration 74. Shakespeare in America in the 18 & 19 Century - expect to die out during revolution, since he was English playwright, but survived th 75. Shakespeare in the Early 20 Century (England)The Two Camps - Change in way Shakespeare is being done in 20th century, all about how big and pretty plays could be, changed to plays need to be closer to originals - Two distinct camps - 1. Harley Granthold Barker - Full script, not cut, did not need full scenery - Concentrate on language - Fought against emphasis on star actors, ensemble of people who work well together - Not historically accurate - 2. William Pole - Step further to do as they would have been originally done 76. The Royal Shakespeare Company - founded by Peter Hall - explore Shakespeare as contemporary playwright - Gave big new actors, Ian McKellen - Number of famous European actors come from Royal Shakespeare Company - Tell story in a compelling way 77. Peter Hall - Found Royal Shakespeare company 78. Eugene O’Neil - Father was a famous actor James O’neill - Born on Broadway in a hotel - Well educated - Alcoholic - First American playwright to get attention abroad - Nobel prize for literature 1936 - Wrote 25 plays, one comedy - Long day’s Journey into Night, released after his death, it was about family drama dealing with addiction and other social issues 79. Arthur Miller - Arthur Miller 19152005 - Plays examine American culture and social issues - Married to Marylyn Monroe for a few years - Deeply held beliefs about theatre’s place in society - He felt that society has destroyed the audience of modern American theater. - Used his plays to approach difficult issues in society - He wanted his plays to make people stop and think - All my Sons (1947), Death of a Salesman (1949), The Crucible (1953) - Wrote difficult probing plays. - Spent most of his life trying to find answers to the real problems that he saw around him. - Plays are still reproduced today. 80. Tennessee Williams - Critical acclaim and popular appeal - Psychological depth. Became the voice for emotionally challenged people in this time of America. - Born in Mississippi - Drug and alcohol along with problems being a homosexual - The Glass Menagerie (1944), A Street Car Named Desire (1948), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955) - Shift in acting training due to the fact that he studied acting and created more natural real characters. (method acting) - May plays were made into films. - Paul Newman and Elizabeth Taylor played in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof. - Still has plays being reproduced today! 81. Vaudeville - variety entertainment (number of short separate acts showcasing performers talent) - comedy, then magician, then - 1880s1930s - Fined if you violated standards - No vulgar terms - Middle class appeal - Cultivated biggest names of the time - Loved by many Americans - Coast to Coast networks of performers, one vaudeville theatre to the next - Legacy today - America’s Got Talent - Tonight Show - Vaudeville theatre was rich in ideas and issues, including whether or not Government should fund the arts 82. Federal Theatre Project - 19341939, Government took part in only large scale funding of the arts - Roosevelt Administration created WPA( Works Project Administration) during the Great Depression to help get unemployed back to work - Small sliver of WPA went to FTP, employed around 10,000 people in states across the country, producing 1000 shows, heavily subsidized - Children’s theatre, African American units, wide ranges of plays: - only instance where government was directly involved - Program only lasted 4 years - Criticized plays of being left leaning, causing political fight - Living Newspaper plays took stories from newspapers and dramatized them - Housing inequality, farm policy, actual important issues people delt with. - Hallie Flannagain - Progressive, interested in experimental theatre, key to success in theatre but was a controversial figure, Congress did not like her - Cradle will rock about political problems she faced, play was shut down - Government 83. Musical Theatre Form and Content - Combines dialogue song and dance together to tell story - They are integrated into the plot - The idea is that song and dances are vital to telling the story - Form and content come together in ways to provide extra power to the mood and emotion that normal words can’t support - Sunday in the Park with George (musical) 84. Traditional Book Musical - West Side Formula - Traditional book musicals: - Linear plots - Integrated dialogue, song, and dance. - Often boy meets girl scenario. - Examples of the Traditional Book Musical - Show Boat - Oklahoma! - West Side Story - Most Rodger and Hammerstein musicals - Each element would get about 33% 85. Concept Musical - Defined as a musical where the shows metaphor or statement is more important than the actual narrative. - Also known as a deconstructed or bookless musical. 86. MegaMusical - Popinfluenced core - Large casts - Huge sets and costumes - Notable special effects - Falling chandelier in The Phantom of the Opera - Huge Budgets - Sleek, Targeted marketing - Often criticized by scholars for lacking depth and themes 87. Rock Musical - Now that the rules of musicals were established, now it was time to break the rules - Rock Musical - A musical theatre work with rock music, it may overlap with other forms of musicals, like the concept musical. - Ex. The Who’s Tommy - Grease - Rent - Spring Awakening - Hair - Hair: The American Tribal LoveRock Musical - 1968 Broadway musical - First Rock musical - Also considered Concept musical - Highly controversial, even today - Deals with: - War - Drugs - Hippie Culture - Sexuality - Race 88. Corporate Musical and/or Movie Based Musical - Movie based, Disney 89. Disneyfication - 1944’s Beauty and the Beast is first Disney show on Broadway - 1997 sparks a trend we’re still experiencing today - Leads to more corporations/film companies creating musicals for Broadway 90. Showboat - First American musical - First great American musical - Launches a golden age of American musicals - Talks about race, alcoholism, social abandonment. Things that current operas didn’t cover. (sensitive topics) - Most famous song is Old Man River (acknowledges hardships in life) - 91. Oklahoma - (1943) - About a group of people in Oklahoma before it was a state, two men compete for a woman. - Very powerful, it related to everything American, especially during WWII - Many songs went famous, so even though people had not seen the show, they still knew of it. - Also represented the everyday struggle of men and women trying to settle and build their lives in the territory. 92. West Side Story - (1957) - Its use of dance made a huge impact of the musical general - Leonard Bernstein Composer - Arthur Laurents (Book) - Stephen Sondheim (Lyrics) - Jerome Robbins (Choreography) - Dance advances plot - Ultimately an adapted version of Romeo and Juliet. - Written about a couple that found themselves fighting over the west side of Manhattan - Song and dance is somewhat contradictive, singing and dancing is high energy and positive, while the lyrics are a bit sad while addressing more serious issues. 99. Sunday in the Park with George Musical made after painting using dots Staccato sounding 99. Cats o 1981 West End Debut o 1982 Broadway Debut o Composed by Webber o Produced by Macintosh o Based on Old Possum’s Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot 100. Phantom of the Opera 101. The Lion King - Disney corporate musical - 102. Hair - First broadway musical ever - Started off broadway - Score is 33 songs - Plot nonlinear 103. Cabaret - Set in Germany - 1966 Broadway Debut - Kander & Fbb Musical - Set in 1930’s Germany - Themes: - Greed - Corruption - Abortion - Intolerance/Persecution - Economic Depression and its physical and psychological consequences. 104. Chicago 105. Rent - Non corporate musical 106. Spring Awakening - About teen troubles - Critical Darling - Boundary Pushing - 20062009 - Rerun 30142015 107. Hamilton - Hip hop musical about Alexander Hamilton 108. Stephen Sondheim - Known for writing witty and fast paced lyrics - Stories are complex and often dark - Sweeny Todd, Into the Woods - Fluid integration of form and content - West Side Story (1957) - Company (1970) - Sweeny Todd (1979) - Into the Woods (1987) 109. Richard Rogers - Richard Composer of Oklahoma 110. Oscar Hammerstein - Lyricist of Oklahoma - Both did others, Carousel, South Pacific, King and I, - Wrapped stories in bright music, some people missed the point 111. John Kander & Fred Ebb & Bob Fosse - Major contributors to concept musicals 112. Andrew Lloyd Webber - Most notable composer - Cats - Phantom of the Opera 113. LinManuel Miranda 114. Immersive Theatre - theatrical form or work that breaks the "fourth wall" that traditionally separates the performer from the audience both physically and verbally 115. Circus 116. Episodic vs Climatic Structure - Episodic long period of time/ similar to climatic - Climatic Builds to a climax, then resolves/ standard 117. Script Analysis - Research - Character Background (sometimes a lot of info, sometimes little, depending on type of show) Be consistent with world that is created - Must mind the text, how his character feels about other characters in the play (clues in the script) - Objectives and obstacles; what character wants at any given moment - Period and Verse scripts require more analysis (Shakespeare) 118. The West End - Like Broadway in New York but West End in London, England 119. Definition of Acting - the art or occupation of performing in plays, movies, or television productions 120. Anna Deavere Smith - Famous performer - No need to pay other actor - Big name draws audience - Actor/playwright - Take people from history - Biography - Anne Deavere Smith - Actor, activist (political angle) teacher - Historical/cultural plays: builds around theme - Los Angeles 1992 - She does documentary theater/docudrama way she works - Interviewed 300 people, victims, prosecuted, outside, watching, opinions of professor that had no part of it - Multiple perspectives - She portrays each of the 50 characters - Does it verbatim in extreme detail - Believe language is important in identity
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'