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AU / Music / MUSI 2730 / Who is the pope from the middle ages?

Who is the pope from the middle ages?

Who is the pope from the middle ages?


School: Auburn University
Department: Music
Course: Appreciation of Music
Professor: Marc dickerson
Term: Summer 2015
Cost: 50
Name: Music Appreciation Final Exam Study Guide
Description: This study guide is just the filled out version of what Mr. Dickerson gave to us in class today. Make sure to also study any notes you took in class, the listening guides and the slides he has posted on canvas already. Good Luck!
Uploaded: 04/29/2016
4 Pages 124 Views 8 Unlocks

Linnea Harvey (Rating: )

Great notes!!! Thanks so much for doing this...

Music Appreciation Study Guide for Final: May 3

Who is the pope from the middle ages?

What to Study:

—This study guide

—any past notes/study guides you created

—Listening guide

—online slides and terms

Listening guide for this final:

02, 12, 13, 16, 20, 22, 26, 33 (Morning Mood), 35, 37, 40, 42, 57

1. Refresh your memory of the following composers/musicians:  

Pope Gregory: from Middle Ages; developed the calendar and came up with the idea of putting  music on lines and spaces.  

Hildegard of Bingen: from Middle Ages: nun from Germany; very influential in sacred music.  She was the first woman’s voice of western music. He had dreams which allowed her to write  her music which included “Alleluia”  

Bach: From Baroque Period; born in Germany, at 10 he went to live with his brother and  memorized all of his music books; worked many jobs at once and would tell you that he was a  great organist. Went blind as he got older; was a mast of polyphonic composition and developed  the “equal temperament” method of tuning. His music was lost when he died. Handel: Baroque Period: born in Germany; father wanted him to become a lawyer, became a  composer in the court of the king of England; wrote “The Messiah” and “Water Music” Haydn: from Classical Period: born in Austria, lived in poverty, self taught music, he went on  tour and became popular, known as the “Father” of the symphony  

Who is hildegard of bingen?

We also discuss several other topics like What is the occupation of zora neale hurston?

Beethoven: Classical Period/Romantic Period: known as a transitional composer; admired  Napoleon but later changed his mind, went deaf but gave his las performance, Ode to Joy,  before he went completely deaf. Wrote only one opera, and 9 symphonies, sonatas including  “Moonlight Sonata”

Mozart: Classical Period: Austrian born, father was a musician, was a child prodigy, wrote  symphonies, concertos, operas, and a lot of chamber music. He went broke when his father  died and he died while working on his “Requiem”  

Richard Rodgers&Oscar Hammerstein: together wrote Sound of Music, Cinderella. Rodgers  wrote the music which Hammerstein wrote the lyrics, most of the time they were on opposite  sides of the country.  

Wagner: Romantic period; synonymous for the opera. Very large sets for the stage; some of his  operas include “Lohengrin” and “The Flying Dutchman”  

Where does bach bear?

Vivaldi: from Baroque Period; born in Italy, renowned violinist, wrote over 700 works and one of  them included “The Four Seasons”  Don't forget about the age old question of When a water bearing rock readily transmits water to wells and springs what is it called?

Tchaikovsky: Romantic period; known for his ballets, “Swan Lake” and “Nutcracker” John Williams: film composer; known as a great composer, conductor and classical guitarist as  well as for being a composer of film: scores include: Jaws, ET, Home Alone, Star Wars, Harry  Potter Don't forget about the age old question of What is considered drastic weight loss?

Debussy: Impressionist movement: born in France; well-known piano teacher of his day,  considered the “father” of impressionistic music

Liszt: Romantic period; took the piano and turned it into a concert instrument  Johnny Cash: wrote “I walk the Line”  

The Carter Family: country family; sang “Can the Circle be Unbroken”

Stravinsky: Impressionist movement: Russian, his father didn’t want him to study music, he  orchestrated “The Firebird” and “Rite of Spring” and composed almost until the end of his life Leonard Bernstein: American composer: known as both conductor and composer, promoted  classical music to children through his “young People’s concerts” on CBS; wrote “Candide” and  “West Side Story”

Andrew Lloyd Webber: wrote “Phantom of the Opera”  If you want to learn more check out What is the weapon focus effect?

Max Steiner: the “father” of the film score

Aaron Copland: American composer: born in brooklyn, he incorporation many American folk  songs into his compositions; his works include: “Fanfare for the Common Man” and  “Appalachian Spring”

2. From previous test notes:

Concert Etiquette: know that you should be on time, shouldn’t have electronics out, not hats  or sunglasses, no food or drinks; at intermission, feel free to stand and walk around but be back  in time for the next session. You applaud only after the andantino.

Elements of Music

melody: musical line or the tune of the music; contour-up and down movement; range lowest to highest pitch; interval-distance between pitches (conjunct and disjunct); phrase-units  of melody with a “resting place” at the end Don't forget about the age old question of Who are the only ones who moved out of the old world?

rhythm: moves the music forward in time; beat-basic unit of rhythm; measures-organize  the beat; downbeat-strop beginning of each measure

harmony: pitches sounded together vertically; chord-3 or more tones; tonality-major/ minor; dissonance and consonance

form: the basic organizing principle in music; strophic-repeated music for each stanza of  the song; binary-2 part; ternary-3 part; theme and variation; call and response; improvisation texture: the way melody and harmony are woven together; monophonic-unison melody  with no accompaniment; homophonic-one melody with accompaniment; polyphony-many voiced  texture with one line set against the other; imitation-a melodic idea is “re-stated” like in a round musical expression: tempo-speed at which the music moves; and dynamics-the  volume of the music  

Musical Terms Don't forget about the age old question of What does deterrence mean?

1. tempo- the speed at which music moves  

2. adagio- somewhat slow  

3. allegro- fast, lively  

4. andante- moderately slow (walking pace)  

5. accelerando- getting faster  

6. ritardando- getting slower  

7. dynamics- relating to the volume of music  

8. forte- loud  

9. fortissimo- very loud  

10. piano- soft  

11. pianissimo- very soft  

12. crescendo- gradually getting louder  

13. de crescendo- gradually getting softer

14. symphony- a piece of music in four movements written for orchestra OR can be another  name for the orchestra

15. improvisation- creating music “on the spot” or as it is being


16. movement- a section from a large musical composition

17. tonality- referring to the “major” or “minor” quality of music

18. sacred- referring to religious music  

19. secular- referring to non-religious music

Instruments of the Orchestra

The Brass Family: trumpet, horn, trombone and tuba

The Keyboard Family: harpsichord, piano, pipe organ and all electronic keyboards String: violin, viola, cello and double bass; harp

Woodwinds: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, saxophone

Percussion: snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, timpani, xylophone, orchestra bells,  marimba

Types of performing groups

Instrumental Ensembles:  

Large ensembles: symphony orchestra, symphonic band, marching band Small ensembles: woodwind quintet, brass choir, string quartet, percussion  ensemble

Vocal Ensembles:

Large: choir, chorus, massed choir

Small: show choir, quartet, bluegrass band, rock/pop band

Periods of Music History: The middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic,  Impressionist

Life in the Middle Ages (secular vs. sacred): sacred music was played for Roman Catholic  Church and was mostly a cappella, based on the mass; secular: played for the court, they  enjoyed traveling musicians and performers, mostly love songs.

Characteristics of Baroque Music: “overdone” or highly decorated with ornamentation;  centered in Germany, increased conflicts between the church and monarchy, churches began  employing musicians full time

Characteristics of Classical Music: less ornamentation, trend toward less and less employing  of composers full time by the church, so they were commissioned for special occasions and  most of them worked for aristocracy and monarchy. “Age of Enlightenment” emphasized the  importance of the individual

Romanticism: age of program music and the rise of nationalism in music became important  too; literature, philosophy and architecture influenced the musical industry. Music was very  lyrical, “free expression” was the rule of the day; composers were working less for the church or  court/became self supporting

Impressionist Movement: began in Paris; abstractionism, expressionism became a big deal  during this period and musicians started putting expression and emotion into their music

3. From “new” or most recent material:

American Musical Theater: rooted in European “operetta” which is like an opera but with  spoken dialogue and song and dance; but is American. Musicals feature: romantic plots, comic  moments, appealing melodies, large ensembles and dance numbers, lavish set and costume  designs. Some great musicals include: “The sound of Music”, “Oklahoma” “My Fair Lady”  “Wicked” and “Phantom of the Opera”

Music for Films: started in the silent era, music can set the mood or identify a character as well  as set the time and place, written for piano.  

Underscoring- music comes from an “unseen” source

• Source music- can function as part of the story, for example if someone turns on a radio in a  scene and is inspired to sing

• Leitmotif- when a musical theme is used to identify a character

• Thematic transformation- indicates a “change” in the character’s mood

• Musical biopic- movie about a famous composer or musician/group Ex: “Amadeus”, “Coal  Miners Daughter”

Country Music: all-American; some early forms of “old country” include bluegrass, gospel, old  time radio shows. None of the music was written down, they played by ear.  Bluegrass music was from Ireland and Scotland. It usually told stories and related some  personal experience like a lost love. Used only acoustic instruments with no musical notation.  Gospel music had roots in mainstream denominations where more formal music was not  possible. Also played by ear, Used tight harmonies with instrumental accompaniments that  include bluegrass music instruments

Some Old Country stars included: Loretta Lynn, Hank Williams, Patsy Cline, and Dolly  Parton

Some Young Country stars include: Alan Jackson, Brad Paisley, Carrie Underwood,  Kelly Clarkson, Kenny Chesney, Taylor Swift

Some Duos and Groups include: Thompson Square, The Carter Family, Rascal FLatts,  Band Perry, Lady Antebellum

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