History 150 Final Exam
History 150 Final Exam 150
Popular in The West in the World
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Friday April 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
History 150 Final Exam May 6, 2016 1 World War II in Europe. Battle of France. o June 14, 1940, the Germans captured Paris. o June 22, 1940, the French surrendered. Winston Churchill. o Replaced Neville Chamberlin as the Prime Minister of Britain. British preparations for a possible war. o Civil defense measures. Plans for the evacuation of children from London and other cities. Bomb shelters. The Anderson shelter (private) and public shelters. Recruitment of people to work in the Air and Precaution Service (APR). Air raid wardens. Rescue workers. Gas masks. Preparation for mass funerals and production of death certificates. Operation Sea Lion. o German air force would eliminate and outnumber the British air force. Battle of Britain. o Strategic bombing locations: Air force bases. Radar stations. Ports and factories in the southeast. o A German plane dropped a bomb on London by accident. o Britain responded by bombing Berlin. ‘Blitz’ of London. o What was it? Began in the East End of London. Hundreds of German planes filled the sky and bombed London for a further 56 nights in a row. o Physical destruction? Notable landmarks damaged. Tower of London. House of Commons. The British Library. St. Paul’s Cathedral. Gas supplies. Water pipes. Electricity lines. o How did Londoners cope with the bombing? Barbara Nixon. They formed groups and found shelters to go to. Life was still going to continue despite the bombings. People thought they would be safer underground. Attracted attention from the government. Edward Murrow. Business carried on as casual. People adapted to their surroundings. Spent their night underground, and carried on with their day above ground. Operation Barbarossa. History 150 Final Exam May 6, 2016 2 o Invasion of the Soviet Union. o Hitler never intended to abide by the pact he signed. o He thought there would be more living space for Germany if they invaded the Soviet Union. o Although he acquired 900,000 miles of territory, Hitler had not defeated the Soviet forces. “General Winter”. o Daytime weather rarely rose above 13 degrees. o Nighttime weather fell as low as40 degrees. o Men literally froze their a** off. Operation Bolero. o The United States launched what was the start of the Normandy Invasion. o Shipped 1.5 million soldiers and 5 million tons of equipment into Britain in preparation. Fortitude. o Deception plan codename to surprise Germans in an attack. o Played with German expectations of where they would be attacking from. The Normandy Invasion. o Germany built up the coastline in anticipation for an allied powers attack. o Some places were more protected than others because of their short distance between the two countries. 150,000 allied soldiers participated from America, Britain, and Canada. Omaha Beach. o The ‘Bedford Boys’. Sent to the Slapton Sands to practice their beach landings and trial runs. These men were from Bedford, Virginia. This town suffered the nation’s severest DDay loss. 19 of the 34 who participated in the landing were killed. The Holocaust. Einsatzgruppen. o S.S. Death Squads followed the German army into the Soviet Union. o Mobil killing machines. o Their job was to round up the Jewish population out of their homes where they would bring all of their belongings and turn their belongings over to the officers; then undress and be executed one byone. Wannsee Conference. o Came up with a new way of killing the Jewish people. o 15 men to coordinate the “Final Solution of the Jewish Problem”. Adolf Eichmann, Heinrich Himmler and 13 other men that represented the other departments in the role that will carry out the plan. “The Final Solution of the Jewish Problem”. o Planned genocide. o Comb Europe from the West to the East for Jews. o Deport the Jews o the eat Poland. o Outline the death of the deportees. European participation/collaboration in the Holocaust. o German, French, Dutch, Polish, Swiss, and Russian. Had come to believe that there was a “Jewish problem” that had to be “solved”. Passed laws that that required Jews to wear identifying stars and strictly limited their movements and activities. o The Nazi hierarchy. o Architects who helped build the camps. o Engineers who design the gas chambers and crematoria. History 150 Final Exam May 6, 2016 3 o Municipal officials of cities from which people were deported. o Train drivers. o Residents of villages near the camps, who reports the smell of bodies burning. “Industrialization of death”. o Use of technology/ developments in industry for mass murder. Used the railroad to transport millions of Jewish people to Poland. Gas will kill them more efficiently and quickly. Personal killings will still be used. Resistance to deportation. o In the fall of 1943, Danish people saved 7,200 of the 7,700 Jewish people in Denmark. o Johannes Bogaard of the Netherlands and his family saved more than 300 Jews, many of them children, by hiding them throughout their farms. Night. Living in the Nuclear Age. The atomic bomb and its consequences. o The development of atomic power will provide the nations with new means of destruction. o There is almost not limit to the destructive power which will become available in the course of their future development. o The cities of the United States as well as the cities of other nations will be in continuous danger of sudden annihilation. The nuclear arms race. o Development of intercontinental missiles. o Expansion of both military powers: the United States and the Soviet Union. Federal Civil Defense Administration. o Civil defense measures/advice to civilians about how to prepare for a possible nuclear attack. The government spent $31 billion over the course of 13 years on the construction of a highway system that stretched 41,000 miles. It was built to facilitate movement of the military and to activate evacuation from the cities. Duck and Cover. Bert the turtle video clip that showed people what to do in case the alarms of a bomb went off. Bomb shelters/products for bomb shelters. Major piece of advice to build your own bomb shelter and stock it up with food and supplies for at least 2 weeks’ worth. Practiced no matter where you lived. Became a part of the American society/ culture. Youth Culture in the 1960s. Mass consumption and mass culture. o Rising employment, higher earnings, and lower agricultural price combined to give households and individuals more purchasing power. Household appliances did not simply save labor or create free time, for they came packaged with more demanding standards of housekeeping and new investments in domesticity. o Changes were boosted by new industries devoted to marketing, advertising, and credit payment. Entailed shifts in values. o Reshape how citizens thought about their needs, desires, and entitlements. History 150 Final Exam May 6, 2016 4 o New patterns in consumption spurred wideranging changes in mass culture. Much depended on the spending habits and desires of the new generation. The “teenager”. o The emergence of a new social category of a distinctive consumer group with distinctive sending patterns. o Spent their money on clothes and albums. Teenage clothing trends from London. o Miniskirts and military jackets. Teenagers and music. o The Who. Created a sound no one else could copy. Started the trend of smashing instruments and destroying hotel rooms. The song“My Generation” was hailed as the anthem for 1960s youth. Living in the Technological Age. Important developments in electronic technology. o Electronic technology and its global implications. Electronic systems and devices designed to create, store, and share information multiplied, becoming staggeringly more powerful and accessible. None with so great an impact on everyday lives of men and women around the world as the personal computer. Leaps forward in electronic technologies provided new worldwide platforms for commercial interests. Tim BernersLee. o Invented the World Wide Web in 1989. Piper Jaffray Report (2013). o This market research report is about teenagers in America: ages 1217. A majority of teens reported that parents provided more than ½ of their spending money. Teens cited friends as the strongest influence on their purchase decisions.
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