Note Cards For History Final
Note Cards For History Final ID 3653
Popular in History of Interiors II
Popular in Art Department
This 17 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Gentry on Friday April 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ID 3653 at Mississippi State University taught by Mr. Riehm in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see History of Interiors II in Art Department at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo—1851-1942 Mackmurdo Chair —1881 Innovation Period —English Art Nouveau English born The first to emulate foliage graphically with the use of sinuous curves (aka whiplash) Charles Rennie Mackintosh—1868-1928 Glasgow School of Art—Glasgow, Scotland 1897-1909 Innovation—English Art Nouveau/Prairie Style Furniture is both Modern and personal Rejects mass production Charles Rennie Mackintosh—1868-1928 Mackintosh Chairs Innovation—English Art Nouveau/Prairie Style Furniture is both Modern and personal Rejects mass production Mackintosh Argyle Chair Victor Horta—1861-1947 Hotel Tassel—1892 Innovation—Belgian Art Nouveau Architect, designer, and teacher Develops the glass curtain wall Henry Van de Velde— 1863-1957 Tabaccheria—1899 Innovation—Belgian Art Nouveau Made a distinction between ornamentation and ornament Emile Galle—1846-1904 Innovation—French Art Nouveau Glass worker and furniture Established the School of Nancy Louis Majorelle—1859-1926 Innovation—French Art Nouveau Cabinetmaker specializing in reproductions Hector Guimard—1867-1942 Innovation— French Art Nouveau Become popular because he won the Paris Metro Stations competition Glass like butterfly wings Lamps like blossoms Vegetal Forms Antoni Gaudi—1852-1926 Innovation— Spanish Art Nouveau Self taught designer Designs are very organic and undulating Only became respected in history Louis Comfort Tiffany—1848-1933 Tiffany Lamp Innovation—American Art Nouveau Experimentalist in decorative objects Stained glass Gutav Klimt—1862-1918 The Kiss Innovation— Vienna Succession painter Art work is seen as scandalously sexual and controversial Josef Olbrich Secession Building Innovation— Vienna Succession Architect for 10 years Pure geometry Otto Wagner—1841-1918 Austrian Post — Vienna, Office Bank—1904-1906 Innovation— Vienna Succession Architect, urban planner, teacher Pragmatist and a simplest Joseph Hoffman—1870-1956 Stoclet Interiors-murals by Klimt Innovation—Vienna Succession Interior and furniture designer Adolf Loos Museum Café—1899 Innovation—Vienna Succession Trained brick layer Promoted functionalism Opposed the idea of style Daniel Burnham—1846-1912—John Root—1850-1891 Reliance Building—1890-4895 Innovation— School of Chicago An American success story Louis Sullivan—1856-1924 Carson Pirie Scoot Store—1898-1904 Innovation— School of Chicago Father of modernism Critic of the Chicago School Believes in the pure expression of structure Frank Lloyd Wright Innovation—Modern Forerunners Peter Behrens—1868-1940 AEG Turbine Factory—1908-1910 Innovations—Modern Forerunners German architect whom began as a painter Arts and crafts thinker with a modern aesthetic Walter Gropius—1883-1969 Innovation—Modern Forerunners Architect Publishes “The Development of Industrial Buildings” Fascinated with American Grain Elevators Eric Mendolson Einstein Tower—1919-1912 Innovation—Modern Forerunners Rietveld— 1888-1964 Rietveld Schroder House— 1924 Innovation— De Stijl Only works in this movement for 10 years Lilly Reich— 1885-1947 Women’s Fashion Exhibition—1927 Innovation— The Bauhaus Worked under Rohe and most of her work at the time was credited to him Survives German concentration camps Marcel Breuer— 1902-1981 Wassily Chair—1925 Innovation— The Bauhaus Inspired by Thornet’s bentwood furniture Modernism— International Style Geometric forms Volume rather than mass Smooth monochromatic Minimal color Limited or no applied ornament Le Corbusier—1887-1965 Modernism— International Style Wrote Towards an Architecture Works with Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Perriand Charlotte Perriand—1903--1999 Modernism—International Style Studies in the École de l’Union Centrale des Art Dé- coratifs Moves from Paris to China and continuers working Richard Neutra—1892-1970 Phillip Lovell House—1928-1929 Modernism—International Works in California Evidence based design Designs for those using the building Father of Mid-Century Modern style Modernism— Art Deco Beginning of window displays Eileen Gray— 1878-1976 Talbot Apartment—1919 Modernism—French Art Deco Very confident person Jean-Michel Frank Modernism—French Art Deco Very depressing life German concentration camps Jacques-Emile Ruhlmann Modernism— French Art Deco Takes over the family design firm Uses materials like ebony, zebrawood, tropical veneers shark- skin, ivory Robert Mallet--Stevens—1886-1945 Modernism— French Art Deco Architect and designer Studies at Ecole Speciale d’Architecutre Denham Maclaren—1903-1989 Modernism—British Art Deco Furniture designer Inspired by Bauhaus and Corbusier Expressed technology and fashion Zebra skin upholster Chrysler Building—1930 Modernism—American Art Deco Raymond Loewy—1893-1986 Modernism—Art Moderne Industrial Designer Russel Wright—1904-1976 Modernism—Art Moderne Studies las at Princeton Start product design during the depression Alvar Aalto—1898-1976 Aalto House—1936 Modernism—Scandinavian Modern Concerned with functionalism (human body) Father of Scandinavian modern Worked with wife Anino for furniture design Arne Jacobsen—1902-1971 Royal SAS Hotel-1960 Modernism—Scandinavian Modern Added a humane element to modernism Bruno Mathesson Eva Arm Chair-1934 Modernism—Scandinavian Modern Hans Wegner Modernism—Scandinavian Modern Skidmore Owings and Merrill Modernism—Geometric Modern Philip Johnson—1906-2005 Glass House—1949 Modernism—Geometric Modern Influential 20th century architect Louis Kahn Kimbell Museum—1967 Modernism—Brutalism Known for sensitivity to materials and relationships for materials to people His life is the subject of the film My Architect Charles and Ray Eames Modernism—Brutalism Furniture design Florence Knoll Bassett Modernism—Brutalism Married Hans Knoll Minimalist, rationalist, and business person George Nelson—1908-1986 Marshmallow Chair-1956 Modernism—Brutalism Industrial and interior designer Frank Lloyd Wright Modernism—Organic Modernism Eero Saarinen—1910-1961 St. Louis Arch Modernism—Organic Modernism Finnish American Architect Isamu Noguchi—1904-1988 Modernism—Organic Modernism Dorothy Draper—1889-1969 Metropolitan Museum of Art Cafeteria-1954 Modernism—Modern Historicism Married Dr. George Draper Followed DeWolfe Rejected Victorian gloom Her style called Modern Baroque
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