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HY 104-001 Final Exam Study Guide

by: Jennifer Gintovt

HY 104-001 Final Exam Study Guide HY 104-001

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > History > HY 104-001 > HY 104 001 Final Exam Study Guide
Jennifer Gintovt
GPA 3.361

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About this Document

Here is my personal study guide for our final exam in HY 104-001. This study guide focuses mainly on the picture ID section of the exam. It includes an explanation of what each picture is, what tim...
American Civilization since 1865
Dr. Andrew Huebner
Study Guide
history, HY104, final exam, Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Gintovt on Friday April 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HY 104-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Andrew Huebner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 265 views. For similar materials see American Civilization since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 04/29/16
HY 104­001 Final Exam Study Guide Pic ID’s­ Focus on what the picture is, when the event happened, and why it’s important.  1. Sputnik 1  October 4  1957  Soviet Union successfully launches the world’s first artificial satellite. This was the first object to be launched into space.   Significance: Marks the beginning of the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union; a competition between the two nations to try and send the first humans into space.  2. Separate but equal doctrine   Oklahoma, 1948   Significance: The “separate but equal” doctrine was a section of constitutional law that essentially allowed racial segregation as long as the facilities provided for each race were “equal”  This doctrine (which is commonly referred to as Jim Crow Laws) continued state  sponsored segregation throughout the U.S. The facilities provided by the state for  African Americans (if any were provided) were often not even close to being  equal to those provided for whites.  3. American consumerism  1950s  The ideal “home” (kitchen) of the 1950s   Significance: American’s developed a culture during the 1950s that revolved around material items. WWII had helped to pull the American economy out of a depression. Jobs were plentiful and Americans had money to spend. Americans began to focus on spending money on items that would modernize their homes, such as TV’s, washing machines, cars, etc. Consumerism ran rampant. 4. Stand in the Schoolhouse Door  Foster Auditorium, University of Alabama­ 1963  George Wallace blocking the entrance to an academic building at the University of Alabama from two black students attempting to enroll at the university.  Significance: George Wallace was a huge advocate of segregation. His platform from when he ran for Governor of Alabama notoriously included “segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever.” The Alabama National Guard was  called in and Wallace was eventually forced to move from the entrance, allowing  the two students to enter. The desegregation of state schools and universities  marked a huge victory in the Civil Rights Movement. 5. Cuban Missile Crisis  October 1962  A map of the missile range from Cuba  Significance: 16 Day confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States concerning the Soviet missiles that the United States discovered were being built in Cuba. The Cuban missile crisis marks the closest the Cold War ever came to turning into a full­scale nuclear war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. 6. Kent State Shooting  1970  Photograph of a girl kneeling over the body of a student after he had been shot by the Ohio National Guard.  Significance: The Kent State shootings were a result of students protesting the Vietnam War, specifically the Cambodian Campaign. The unarmed students were shot at by the Ohio National Guard. Four were killed, nine were wounded. The shootings sparked student strikes across the country. They also  furthered negative opinions of the United States involvement in Vietnam. 7. Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam  1969  Significance: Photograph of the turnout at the Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam, a massive demonstration that occurred across the United States and protested the involvement of the United States in the Vietnam war.  The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam is significant in the fact that it was the first time the nation had collectively responded to an issue. This photo shows that it wasn’t just hippies that didn’t  support the war. People from all different walks of life and political backgrounds  came together to show their disapproval of the United States involvement. 8. Nixon meets Elvis  1970  Significance: Long story short…Elvis wanted a badge from the federal Bureau of  Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs to add to his badge collection. He dropped a letter off at the White House requesting to meet with President Nixon and was granted  the opportunity later that same day. During the meeting, Elvis and Nixon  discussed anti­Americanism and the drug culture that had become popular in America. Elvis expressed his support of Nixon’s beliefs and expressed his desire to do whatever he could to help influence young Americans and fellow musicians to reject both of these issues. (Really Elvis was looking for some type of official position in the Nixon administration’s campaign against drug use)  The 70’s were a time of increased drug use. It was the glamorous thing to do. This meeting helps to show just how big of an issue drugs had become in American  culture. 9. Nixon’s Farewell   1974  Nixon waving goodbye as he leaves the White House after his resignation  Significance: This photo marks the end of the Nixon Presidency. His resignation was due to the Watergate Scandal. Just 3 days before, a transcript of a conversation was released that proved that Nixon was involved in the Watergate Scandal even though he had insisted he wasn’t.   Also marks the climax of American distrust in the government 10. Energy crisis  1973  Photograph shows a man pumping gas into his car after waiting in line.  Significance: This photo shows the impact the oil embargo imposed by OAPEC had on the U.S. America was experiencing huge price hikes in gasoline and fuel shortages. Many American’s needed to begin to look for ways to save energy because 1. the supply was short, and 2. they couldn’t afford what was available. The embargo was in reaction to U.S.  aid to Israel during the Yom Kippur War.  11. The Rise of the Religious Right  1977  Issue of Time Magazine that features religious motifs   Significance: Symbolizes the rise of the religious right (network of political actors, religious organizations, and political pressure groups) whose goal was to appeal to American’s on issues such as traditional family values, free­market economics, and an uncompromising approach to economics with the Soviet Union.  o Had huge influence on 1976 and 1980 presidential elections­ directly  affected Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan’s success 12. Fall of the Berlin Wall  1989  Picture shows Germans holding hands while standing atop the Berlin Wall  Significance: The demolition of the Berlin Wall marked the end of an era separating East and West Berlin. As the Cold War started to come to an end, East Berlin saw the opportunity to begin to change its relations with the West. The Berlin Wall was responsible for not only dividing Berlin, but also separating  families overnight and causing huge job loses for those who worked over the  border. This marked the reunification of the Capital.  13. Mitch Snyder  1981  Photograph of Mitch Snyder (one of the early advocates for the rights of the homeless) and Reaganville one of the early advocates for the rights of the homeless    Significance: Mitch Snyder was hugely influential in forcing people and the government to pay attention to the homeless problem that was growing in the country. His protests, often theatrical in nature, forced the government to take action in regards to the rights of the homeless on both a local and national level. He was responsible for forcing the federal government to change its policy on taking action against homelessness and to also provide more funds to the Federal City Shelter in D.C. so that the facility  would actually be livable for its inhabitants. 14. The breakdown of conservative culture in American society  2000’s  Advertisement for Sex and the City staring Sarah Jessica Parker, a show released in 2008  Significance: Shows like Sex and the City are prime examples of how traditional ideals in America began to experience a shift in the early 2000’s, specifically in terms of the breakdown of American Conservatism (political philosophy that favors traditional values in the face of radical social change). Women started to move out of  traditional gender roles and back feminist ideologies, including sexual freedom. 


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