PSY 305 Study Guide: Exam 2
PSY 305 Study Guide: Exam 2 Psych 305
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Abby Kienle on Friday April 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 305 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Aaron Estrada in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 140 views. For similar materials see Personality in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
PSY 305 Study Guide – Exam 2 Terms to know: Sigmund Freud Erik Erikson Carl Jung Free association Hypnosis Projective tests Rorschach inkblots TAT Psychoanalytic approach Topographic model Structural model Conscious Preconscious Unconscious Ego Id Superego Thanatos Libido Fixation Psychosexual stages of life Freudian slips Symbolic behaviors Psychotherapy Resistance Transference Dream use Manifest content of dreams Latent content of dreams Defense mechanisms Defensive style Repression Displacement Reaction formation Sublimation Regression Projection Denial Rationalization / intellectualization Neurotic anxiety Neurosis Identity achievement Identity foreclosure Moratorium Identity diffusion Marcia John Bowlby Attachment styles Secure Avoidant Anxious / ambivalent Disorganized Internal working model Pleasure principal Object relations theory Penis envy Womb envy Adler Archetypes Anima, animus, shadow, persona Personal unconscious Collective unconscious Primordial images Wish fulfillment Birth order First born vs middle vs later born Neglect Pampering Striving for superiority Inferiority complex Social interest Erikson’s psychosocial stages Karen Horney Moving towards people vs Interpersonal relationships moving away vs moving against Chapters 3 & 4: Freudian Approach (psychoanalytic) Assessment, and Research What are the two instinctual drives that Freud believes guides all behaviors? Explain the “life” and “death” forces according to Freud in our lives Explain the topographical and structural models. What are the roles of the id, ego, and superego? What are the three main methods Freud advocated for in regards to psychotherapy? Make sure to know them and their clinical functions. What are defense mechanisms? List and briefly describe them. What are the functions of defense mechanisms? Are they adaptive or maladaptive? What are Freud’s views on the function of his “psychosexual stages of life”? What is fixation? List and describe Freud’s 8 psychosexual life stages What was Freud’s view on dreams? How were they used to get at an individual’s unconscious? Know about projective tests; their functions and different types. What is psychoanalysis? What is it used for? Know the strengths and weaknesses of Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. Chapter 5: Neo-Freudian Approach Who are the Neo-freudians? Who was the first to break away from Freud? What did Adler believe was the ONLY thing that drove human behavior? o What is the function / effect of this thing for human behavior? Know about inferiority complexes and why they arise. Explain the effects of parental behavior on personality (pampering and neglect). Know and explain the effects of birth order according to Adler. o Don’t forget about only children and twins What is the most recent theory of birth order? How is it different from Adler’s? What three main systems did Carl Jung believed made up human personality? What is the difference between the personal and collective unconscious? What are archetypes and what are their functions? What are the key archetypes and what do they represent? What was the general consensus on religion in regards to the psychoanalytic theory? What was the role of the ego according to Erik Erikson? List and describe the psychosocial stages of life according to Erikson. What are the four areas of Marcia’s Identity development? What is Karen Horney’s view on penis envy? What other major concept did she develop in the field of psychoanalysis? Identify the three neurotic styles Know the Object Relations Theory and how it relates to attachment styles. What is an internal working model? Know the four different types of attachment styles and what they mean for a person’s personality o How do these attachment styles usually come about when thinking about parental behavior Psychoanalytic Thinkers THINKER THEORY / MAIN CONCEPTS Sigmund Freud o Founder of the psychoanalytic theory o Free association, hypnosis, and projective tests o The unconscious drives much of human personality o Ego, id, superego o Libido and Thanatos o Dreams = road to unconscious o Symbolic behavior o Psychosexual stages of life Adler o Striving for superiority drives behavior o Parental behavior and effects o Birth order effects Carl Jung o Ego, personal conscious, collective unconscious o Archetypes o Animus, anima, shadow, persona Erik Erikson o Psychosocial stages of life o Egos function is to find a sense of identity o Identity development James Marcia o Identity development o Foreclosure, identity diffusion, moratorium, identity achievement Karen Horney o Womb envy o Neurosis o Moving away, against, or towards people John Bowlby o Attachment styles o Emotional bond between infant and mother / primary caregiver Ainsworth o Secure, avoidant, disorganized, anxious
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