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AU / History / HIST 1020 / Where did szpilman hide after returning to the ghetto?

Where did szpilman hide after returning to the ghetto?

Where did szpilman hide after returning to the ghetto?


School: Auburn University
Department: History
Course: World History II
Professor: Michael smith
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: World History and history
Cost: 50
Name: History Exam 4 Study Guide
Description: This study guide consists of the key terms for exam 4
Uploaded: 04/30/2016
9 Pages 224 Views 17 Unlocks

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History Exam 4 Study Guide  

Where does szpilman hide after returning to the ghetto?


∙ Wladyslaw Szpilman (1911-2000)  

o Polish pianist who survived during the Holocaust finding hiding places  in the Warsaw Ghetto  

∙ Warsaw Ghetto (1940)  

o District run by the Nazi’s where they held the Jews; located in Poland  ∙ Warsaw Uprising (April-May 1943)  

o Jews in Warsaw, Poland staged a revolt against the Nazis because they were against going to extermination camps  

∙ “Final Solution”  

o Hitler’s policy which provided the creation of concentration camps  for the extermination of Jews  

∙ Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945)  

Does the warsaw ghetto still exist?

We also discuss several other topics like How does social media get publicity?

o Hitler’s right hand man; overseer of the entire concentration camp  system  

∙ Auschwitz-Birkenau  

o Concentration and extermination camp in Poland run by the German  Nazi; considered the largest concentration camp  

∙ Rudolf Höss (1900-1947)  

o 1st commandant of Auschwitz; later writes an autobiography asking  for forgiveness for his horrible acts during the Holocaust

∙ Zyklon B Kapos

o Cyanide based pellet which had a bitter almond smell when mixed  with oxygen to be activated into a colorless gas; causes death by  asphyxiation

∙ “Arbeit Macht Frei”  

o Work gives freedom; the sign on the entrance to the camp, initially the Jews to it as a sign of hope but eventually realized there was no  way out  

What happened at the nuremberg trials?

∙ Dr. Josef Mengele (1911-1979)  

o The Angel of Death; experimented on Jews to understand the limits  of pain to the human body

∙ Nuremberg Trials (1945-1949)  

o Trials after WWII which prosecuted the Nazis and those involved in  the acts done by Germany during the Holocaust We also discuss several other topics like Do campaigns matter?

∙ Primo Levi (1919-1987)  We also discuss several other topics like What is multisystemic theory?

o Italian chemist who survived during the Holocaust and wrote the  novel Survival in Auschwitz to share his experience  

∙ Survival in Auschwitz (1958)

o Novel written by Primo Levi which told his account of how he  survived in a concentration camp during the holocaust

U.S. Foreign Policy and the Cold War

∙ Yalta Conference (1945)  

o Meeting of the Big Three discussing the Crimean Peninsula and Black  sea region, German reparations and free election issues  

∙ Potsdam Conference (1945)

o Meeting of the Big Three (Truman replaces Roosevelt) where they  divide Germany in to 4 occupation zones (in France, England, USSR,  and US); US ignores USSR request for a loan and the domino theory in the East starts to concern US

∙ Truman Doctrine (1947)  

o Articulate the global message of every country has to choose the US  or Soviet way of life  

∙ Marshall Plan (1947)  

o $13 billion European economic recovery plan that states if a country  chooses the US way of life there will be a financial payout  

∙ Tri-Zone  

o Zone in Berlin where it is divided into 4 zones (France, England, US,  and USSR) the French, English, and American zones start to combine  and this is threat to USSR We also discuss several other topics like What are the stages of perimenopause?

∙ Berlin Air Lift (1949)  

o Response to the Soviet Blockade where they tried to prevent the tri zone from having access to their zones; supplies are flown to Berlin  daily by American airplanes and eventually the blockade lifts  ∙ NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)  

o The West; those who believe in Democracy; US way  

∙ Warsaw Pact (1955)  

o The East; those who believe in Communism; USSR Way

∙ Berlin Wall  

o Built by the soviets to help contain the tri-zone; restricted movement  from West to East

∙ Domino Effect  

o If one country falls to communism other countries around may also  fall to communism and it just keeps moving to each country  

Hasta la Victoria Siempre: The Cuban Revolution

∙ Fulgencio Batista (r. 1952-1959)  

o General and eventually President of Cuba, US government is a fan of  him because their corporations are interested in investing in the  Cuban economy

∙ Fidel Castro (b. 1926)  

o Young Cuban man who feels Batista is selling out and threatening  Cuba’s self-determination  Don't forget about the age old question of What is the formula for financial leverage?

∙ Moncada Military Barracks  

o The eastern end of the Island and the location of the failed attack of  Castro and his men on July 26  

∙ 26th of July Movement

o Failed attack on this military barrack that killed many people; Castro  was arrested and eventually imprisoned  

∙ “History Will Absolve Me”  

o Castro says this while standing on trial; while in prison he sends out  his message through use of women to gain mass support for his  cause

∙ “Revolution within the Revolution”

o Batista let Castro out of prison and he doesn’t kill him because he  doesn’t want him to be a martyr; used women to help silently  mobilize

∙ Granma  

o Rundown yacht; make way back to Cuba to stage another attack on  the East end of the Island  

∙ Cuban Revolution (1959-present)

o Batista attacks civilian population to stop them from supplying the  rebels; these massacres cause the US to withdraw military support;  Batista goes into exile and the rebels are victorious  

∙ Cuban Agrarian Reform Law (1959)  

o Laws dealing with land ownership/holding; it targets US corporations  by taking the land back an compensating them with 25 year bond  ∙ Expropriation  Don't forget about the age old question of Direct comparison means what?

o Seizure of land with compensation  

∙ Bay of Pigs (1961)  

o The plan to bring down the Castro government; troops are trained in  Nicaragua and invade at Giron beach (southern coast Cuba) to  infiltrate and gain mass support; push towards Havana  

∙ Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971)  

o Leader of the Soviet Union who Castro formalized the USSR and  Cuban relationship with  

∙ Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)  

o Confrontation between the soviet union and the US over the  presence of missiles in Cuba  

∙ Alliance for Progress  

o Marshal plan for the Americas; use money as a way to stop the  spread of communism

∙ National Literacy Campaign (1961)  

o Cuban campaign to teach people to read and write and then have  those people to teach others to read and write; it is the model in  other Latin American countries and Africa  

∙ Cuban Family Code (1975)  

o Reshape the Cuban family by making men and women share  household duties (or can get a divorce) and provide day care centers  for working mothers  

∙ Ernesto “Che” Guevara (1928-1967)

o Man close to Castro; eventually becomes an abstract rebel for his  desire to be a domino pusher for the spread of communism  

Revolutionary Subjects Awaken the World

∙ Somoza Dynasty (r. 1936-1979)  

o Powerful family who ruled Nicaragua with a corporate and military  relationship with the US (Like Batista)

∙ Sandinista Front of National Liberation (FSLN)  

o Young leaders who form this movement in an attempt to topple the  Somoza Dynasty  

∙ Managua Earthquake (1972)  

o Massive natural disaster that the Sandinistas capitalize off of to show  the corruptness of the Somoza dynasty government

∙ Daniel Ortega (r. 1985-1990, 2006-present)  

o One of the students at the University of Nicaragua who participated  in the revolution  

∙ Nicaraguan Agrarian Reform Law (1981)

o ½ million acres of land expropriated and nationalize industry (mining) ∙ Nicaraguan New Family Laws (1981)  

o Day care centers for working mothers; men and women share  household duties; prohibited use of women’s bodies in commercial  advertising; abortion legislation  

∙ Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)  

o President of US who deplored Communist Sandinista takeover of  Nicaragua  

∙ Contras (counter-revolutionaries) (1981-1990)  

o Used to create fear and distrust in the Sandinistas government ∙ Iran-Contra Scandal (1986-1987)  

o US Congress calls for cancellation of US aid to Contras due to horrific  human rights abuses; Reagan white house illegally sells arms to  Iranian government in exchange for release of American hostages  ∙ Violeta Chamorro (r. 1990-1997)  

o US agrees to demobilize Contras and lift economic sanction only if  this candidate is elected

Globalization and Its Discontents: “We are the Product of 500 Years of Struggle” ∙ Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN)  

o Revolutionary group of indigenous people started in Chiapas because of the removal of article 27  

∙ Chiapas, Mexico  

o Southern-most state in Mexico; indigenous population  

∙ North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

o Agreement between Canada, US, and Mexico that remove obstacles  to free market, encourage foreign investment, and encourage privatization of industry and landholding  

∙ Article 27 (Mexican Constitution of 1917)

o States that lands in Mexico set aside (not available for private  purchase) for communally operated land  

∙ Ejidos (communal lands)  

o Lands the indigenous population uses  

∙ Subcomandante Marcos  

o Leader of the Zapatista military uprising  

∙ Land or Death!

o Zapatistas seize ranches for communal projects since they have no  other lands to use; want the re-insertion of article 27  

∙ First Declaration from the Lacandon Jungle (1994)

o They talk about how they have been the product of 500 years of  struggle starting around 1492  

∙ Peace and Justice Paramilitary Forces

o Mexican ranchers start funding private armies  

∙ Zapatista Women’s Revolutionary Law (1994)

o Main focus is that women have the right to participate in politics in  community and hold office if elected democratically and also they  have right to choose mate and not forced into contract marriage ∙ Postmodern Revolution

o Update information on the internet (global audience, creates peace  around movements)

∙ “Net War”

o Internet is a weapon of war and a new battleground

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