World History 1020, Final Exam Study Guide
World History 1020, Final Exam Study Guide HIST 1020 - 004
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This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Liv Taylor on Saturday April 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1020 - 004 at Auburn University taught by David C. Carter in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 225 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.
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Final Exam Study Guide Dr. David Carter World History II *** Make sure to read the assigned pages in the book, go over Carter’s study guide and lecture PowerPoints in addition to my guide and notes! If you have any questions, feel free to contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I want every to do as well as possible! *** 1. Match the countries to their corresponding political visions: A. Liberal Democracy A. India B. Authoritarianism B. Italy & Germany C. Anticolonial C. Portugal, Spain & Russia 2. List the global scale and causes of WWI: _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. The Central Powers consisted of all of the following but: A. Germany B. Russia C. Austria-‐Hungary D. The Ottoman Empire 4. The Triple Entente (later known as the Allied Powers) consisted of all of the following but: A. Great Britain B. France C. Italy D. Russia 5. The immediate cause of WWI was: A. The sinking of the Lusitania B. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand C. The attack on Pearl Harbor D. The Zimmerman Telegram 6. WWI was characterized by: A. Stalemates in trench warfare B. Speed and mobilization C. Weapons of mass destruction D. Mass casualties E. All of the above 7. The Eastern Front primarily consisted of what? A. Trench warfare from the English Channel to the Alps B. American armies C. Great Britain moving into Germany D. Russia moving into Prussia and Austria-‐Hungary 8. Because of monumental death rates, __________ were recruited. A. Troops from British colonies in Asia and Africa B. British and French women C. Troops from French colonies in Asia and Africa D. Both A & C E. All of the above 9. What battle mentioned in class had the highest death rates? A. The Battle of Somme B. The Battle of Bunker Hill C. The Battle of Ypres D. Both A & C E. All of the above 10.What was the war’s most predominant impact on gender roles? A. Women replaced men in occupations on the home front B. Men were the only gender who could maintain a household C. Women were were viewed as useless D. Women couldn’t raise their families alone 11.Describe the Armenian Genocide and its impact: _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 12.Who led the Russian Revolution against the Bolsheviks? A. Vladimir Lenin & Leon Trotsky B. Tsar Nicholas & Tsarina Alexandria C. Leo Tolstoy D. Rasputin 13.Who were the two groups of Russian people split between the supporters and opposers of communism? A. The Bolsheviks and the Leninites B. The blues and the golds C. The reds and the whites D. None of the above 14.True or False: The Germans unconditionally surrendered in 1918. 15. The United States’ entry into WWI and Kaiser Wilhelm’s flee from Germany in 1917 lead to Germany becoming the: A. Third Reich B. Weimar Republic C. Weak man of Europe D. Enemy of Austria-‐Hungary 15.The war destroyed all but which empire? A. Italian B. Russian C. Austria-‐Hungarian D. Ottoman 16.Why was Germany’s armistice at the Palace of Versailles significant and what made it so harsh? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 17.Who was not a part of the Big Three? A. Woodrow Wilson B. Davis Lloyd George C. George Clemenceau D. Kaiser Wilhelm 18.President Woodrow Wilson hoped for and implemented: A. “A Peace Without Victors” B. The Fourteen Points C. The League of Nations D. All of the above 19. The U.S. Senate refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles and… A. Sides with Germany B. Attacks the Central Powers C. Does not enter the League of Nations D. Gives up their colonies 20.How did WWI mobilize populations? A. Propaganda B. Mass production C. Mass consumption D. All of the above 21.Germany described the Treaty of Versailles as: A. Fair and peaceful B. “Diktat” C. A dictated peace D. Both B & C E. All of the above 22.Politicians like Hitler, Mussolini and Roosevelt used __________ for mass mobilization. A. Radio B. Television C. Newsprint D. Fireside chats 23. What becomes national culture? A. Elitist culture B. Global culture C. Mass culture D. All of the above 24. The United States replaces Germany and Great Britain as: A. The world’s largest producer of industry B. The center of banking and finance C. The largest economic power D. All of the above 25. Henry Ford created the: A. Atomic bomb B. Automobile assembly line C. Use of film as propaganda D. Idea of mass production and consumption 26. True or False: The cause of the Great Depression is traced back to WWI. 27.The Great Depression caused people to refute what? A. Capitalism B. Free markets C. War D. Both A & B E. All of the above 28. The Great Depression drew people to all but what? A. Capitalism B. Socialism C. Communism D. Radical right-‐wing movements 29.True or False: The Great Depression primarily affected industry and was easier on agriculture and the nonindustrial world. 30.What brought the Great Depression to an end? A. The reigns of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini B. FDR’s “New Deal” C. World War II D. Communism 31. All but what nation sustains their republican systems in the midst of communist and right-‐wing pressure? A. The United States B. Italy C. Great Britain D. France 32.What is the aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution and Civil War in Russia? A. Capitalism B. Famine C. Dictatorship D. WWI 33.Russia becomes the Soviet Union or the USSR under what socialist leader? A. Lenin B. Trotsky C. Rasputin D. Stalin 34.Match the leader to their nation to their form of government: A. Stalin A. United States A. Fascism B. Roosevelt B. Great Britain B. National Socialism C. Mussolini C. Germany C. Socialism D. Hitler D. Japan D. Democratic Republic E. Hirohito E. Soviet Union E. Constitutional Monarchy F. Churchill F. Italy F. Military Dictatorship 35.What three things made the U.S. and the Soviet Union global superpowers? 1. 2. 3. 36.The United States and the Soviet Union fought over the allegiance of the third bloc, also known as: A. The Third World B. The Third Reich C. Liberal capitalism D. Communism 37.True or False: WWII was more global in scale and in context than WWI. 38.WWII was characterized by: A. Technological advances in warfare B. The destruction of the line between civilian and soldier C. Dehumanization of the enemy D. Anticolonial movements E. All of the above 39.There were massive migrations of __________ between Greece and Turkey. A. Buddhists and Muslims B. Christians and Muslims C. Christians and Jews D. Hindus and Buddhists 40.The German war tactic of __________ proved decisive in their initial dominance in the war in Europe. A. Blitzkrieg B. Trench warfare C. Unrestricted submarine warfare D. Dehumanization 41.Explain what happened at The Munich Conference of 1938: _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 42.In June 1941, the Germans invaded and nearly conquered whom? A. Japan B. Austria-‐Hungary C. Great Britain D. The Soviet Union 43.In May 1945, Germany surrendered unconditionally after what? A. The Red Army’s dominance over German troops B. Hitler’s suicide C. The shift of Swiss neutrality D. Both A & B E. All of the above 44. Atomic bombs were dropped on what two Japanese cities? 1. 2. 45.The destruction caused by WWII indirectly and predominantly led to: A. The expansion of capitalism B. The Cold War C. The expansion of socialism D. Red China 46. The Berlin Airlift of 1948-‐1949 heightened what? A. Unified German power B. The tensions between the U.S. and USSR C. The tensions between East and West Germany D. Both B & C E. All of the above 47. The Truman Doctrine was to __________ as the Marshall Plan was to __________. A. United States, Germany B. East Germany, West Germany C. Military aid, economic aid D. Economic aid, military aid 48.What was the military alliance between Western Europe and North America against the Soviet Union? A. The Cold War Nonaggression Pact B. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization C. The Treaty of Versailles D. The Marshall Plan 49.What was the League of Nations turned into? A. The United Nations B. NATO C. Truman Doctrine D. FDIC 50.The Warsaw Pact was: A. An alliance between the U.S. and the USSR B. A nonaggression pact between Great Britain and France C. A treaty between Austria-‐Hungary and Japan D. An alliance between the Soviet Union and Western Europe 51.What was not an element of the Nuclear Triad? A. Air B. Underground C. Land D. Submarine 52. Which of the following was not a pattern of decolonization and nation building? A. Civil war in the Soviet Union B. Civil war in China C. Negotiated independence in India and much of Africa D. Incomplete decolonization in Rhodesia, Algeria, South Africa, etc. 53.The slogan “Asians for the Asians” was used to justify what? A. Chinese imperialism B. The overthrow of Red China C. The overthrow of Japan D. Japanese imperialism 54.Chiang Kai-‐shek led Chinese __________. A. Communism B. Socialism C. Nationalism D. Fascism 55.Mao Zedong led Chinese __________. A. Communism B. Socialism C. Nationalism D. Fascism 56.Mao Zedong put an emphasis on: A. The role of peasants in revolution B. Women’s liberation C. Communism D. Both A & C E. All of the above 57.Who advocated for self-‐rule in India and the development of nonviolent resistance? A. Muhammad Ali B. Chiang Kai-‐shek C. Mohandas Gandhi D. Jomo Kenyatta 58.During what war did the United States sign a defense treaty stating that we would defend Japan in case of invasion? A. The Vietnam War B. WWII C. The Korean Conflict D. The Cold War 59.Mohandas Gandhi is known for: A. Changing the Indian National Congress B. Civil disobedience C. Nonviolent protests D. Both B & C E. All of the above 60. All of the following but which led nationalist movements in Africa: A. Former servicemen B. Tribesmen C. Urban underemployed and unemployed D. The educated 61. Faced with nationalist demands, European powers did what? A. Agreed to decolonize B. Pushed war efforts C. Pushed imperialism D. All of the above 62.__________ became the first independent African state led by __________. A. Zimbabwe, Nkrumah B. Southern Rhodesia, Azikiwe C. Nigeria, Nyerere D. Ghana, Nkrumah 63. African leaders looked to whose style of communism? A. Frederick Engels B. Mao Zedong C. Karl Marx D. Joseph Stalin 64. The idea that African descendants were more humane and had stronger communal feelings than Europeans, also known as “Negritude,” was developed by whom? A. Nkrumah B. Mohandas Gandhi C. Leopold Sedar Senghor D. Winston Churchill 65. What was the Balfour Declaration? A. Declared Egypt’s independence B. Made Palestine a “homeland” for Jews C. Germany’s plan to overthrow Israel D. The treaty that ended the Arab-‐Israeli War 66.Who won the Arab-‐Israeli War? A. Israel B. Palestine C. Egypt D. India 67.What did Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Muslim Brotherhood do? A. Dissolved parliament B. Banned communism C. Stripped elites of their wealth D. Both A & B E. All of the above 68.In 1956, seeking to assert Egypt’s influence, Nasser seized control of the: A. Algerian War B. French colons C. The Suez Canal D. The East India Trading Company 69.Vietnamese leader, ____________, looked to Marxism as a source of inspiration A. Chiang Kai-‐shek B. Ho Chi Minh C. Mao Zedong D. Charles de Gaulle 70.Describe the relationship between North Vietnam and South Vietnam: _______ __________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ _______________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 71.Who were the Viet Cong? A. American soldiers in Vietnam B. South Vietnamese soldiers C. Anticommunist North Vietnamese soldiers D. Communist guerrillas in South Vietnam 72. Who was the unpopular president of South Vietnam during the time of the Vietnam War? A. Ho Chi Minh B. Dien Bien Phu C. Ngo Dihn Diem D. Viet Minh 73.After Stalin’s death, ____________ denounced Stalin’s human rights abuses as not a part of true communism. A. Khrushchev B. Gorbachev C. Putin D. Trotsky 74.Who enforced First World modernization on the Third World? A. The United States B. The World Bank C. First World multinational corporations D. All of the above 75.What movement led by Mao Zedong caused over 20 million people to die from famine? A. Communism B. The Great Leap Forward C. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution D. The Bay of Pigs 76. What was an effect of the Cold War? A. The Cuban Missile Crisis B. The collapse of the Soviet Union C. The end of African imperialism D. Massive budget deficits E. All of the above 1. AB, BC, CA 2. International rivalries led to the military alliances of the Central Powers and the Triple Entente, and along with these nations, the nations that they colonized and imperialized come with them, which just turns into a huge mess. 3. B 4. C 5. B 6. E 7. D 8. D 9. D 10.A 11.The Armenian Genocide was carried out during WWI by the Ottoman Empire as a way to exterminate the minority population. As a result, the male population was extremely weakened thereby leading to a weak military force and ultimately leading to the Ottoman Empire’s fall after the WWI. 12.A 13.C 14.False 15.B 15. A (two 15’s sorry J) 16.The Palace of Versailles is where Germany coroneted the Kaiser after their victory in the Franco-‐Prussian War. The Treaty of Versailles was harsh on the Germans as the gave them the sole blame for WWI (war guilt clause) and they have to pay giant penalties. 17.D 18.D 19.C 20.D 21.D 22.A 23.C 24.D 25.B 26.True 27.D 28.A 29.False 30.C 31.B 32.B 33.D 34. AEC, BAD, CFA, DCB, EDF, FBE 35.1. Size 2. Possession of atomic weapons 3. Each embodied a model of civilization that could be applied globally (capitalism & communism) 36.A 37.True 38.E 39.B 40.A 41.Hitler demands that the Czech’s relinquish Sudetenland to Germany, which leads to a huge conflict between Hitler and Chamberlain. Chamberlain’s solution was called Appeasement and desperate for peace, he gives up that part of Czechoslovakia and Hitler is “content” 42.D 43.D 44.1. Hiroshima 2. Nagasaki 45.B 46.D 47.C 48.B 49.A 50.D 51.C 52.B 53.D 54.C 55.A 56.E 57.C 58.C 59.E 60.B 61.A 62.D 63.B 64.C 65.B 66.A 67.E 68.C 69.B 70.North Vietnam, ruled by Ho Chi Mihn, was communist and was backed by the Viet Mihn and the Viet Cong. South Vietnam, controlled by a French and American supported government under President Ngo Dihn Diem, was a noncommunist republic. The United States fought for South Vietnam for 11 years with increasing unpopularity on the home front, leading to us pulling out of the war and South Vietnam’s surrender. 71.D 72.C 73.A 74.D 75.B 76.E
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