History 121 Study Guide
History 121 Study Guide HIS 121
Popular in United States History 1914-1945
Popular in History
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jordan Rouse on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIS 121 at University of Kentucky taught by Lacey Sparks in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see United States History 1914-1945 in History at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
History 121: World at War, 19141945 F 2015 Prof. Jeremy Popkin Study Guide for Final Exam Date of Exam: consult with your TA! Each section takes the exam at a different time, depending on the time of your section meeting What will be covered on the final exam: All the material we have studied in the course, from the beginning to the end. Format of the exam: (1) essay question (50% of exam grade). There will be a choice of at least three prompts for the essay question. You will answer just one essay question. (2) ID section: there will be choice of ID question “triads” (groups of three related ID items). You will answer three groups. (45% of grade). (3) Map questions: you will answer questions based on outline maps of Europe and Asia/Pacific. (5% of grade) I. General themes of the course: (1) the 6 notions of “total war” and what it involves, for soldiers and civilians; (2) reasons why “total wars” proved to be so much more destructive than earlier conflicts; (3) how technology has altered the nature of warfare, from 1914 to 1945; (4) changing ways in which civilians have been affected by total war during this period; (5) impact of nationalism, racism, and imperialism on war, from 1914 to 1945; (6) the Holocaust and its relationship to total war; (7) lessons about human nature that we can learn from this period of warfare. II. Major themes of the lectures and readings: th A. Week 1: why was Europe generally peaceful during the “long 19 century” from 1815 to 1914? Be able to identify 5 reasons why major wars were avoided during this period. What 4 developments occurred, th particularly in the second half of the 19 century that began to make major wars more likely? 2 each B. Week 2: Who carried out the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in June 1914, and why did this act of terrorism set off a war? Why did each of the five major European powers decide to join in the conflict? C. Week 3: how did ordinary people react to the declaration of war? What impact did the war have on them, as demonstrated by the readings? How does the material in Your Death Would Be Mine illustrate the impact of total war? D. Week 4: what were the major characteristics of soldiers’ experience in World War I? Why was this war so brutal for the soldiers? What motivated them to keep fighting? Did any of them come close to giving up? E. Week 5: Based on All Quiet on the Western Front, what kinds of bonds did soldiers develop among themselves during the war? How does Remarque’s depiction of the soldiers’ relationship with civilian society differ from that given in Hanna’s book? F. Week 6: Why can we say that the Russian Revolution was a consequence of the First World War? How did the nature of the Soviet Union affect the chances for a stable peace after the war? What were the major features of the Versailles peace treaty? Why was it so fragile? G. Week 7: How was Fascism connected to the experience of the war? Why did the rise of Fascism make the postwar world more unstable? What measures did governments take to try to preserve peace after World War I? What groups supported these measures? Why did they prove unsuccessful? H. Week 8: Why did the rise of Hitler in Germany make a new war almost inevitable? What kind of war did Hitler want to launch? I. Week 9: What was the Holocaust? What explains the participation of the perpetrators in the Holocaust? What was the experience of the victims like? J. Weeks 1011: Why were the Germans so successful in the early stages of World War II? How was the war transformed by the German invasion of the Soviet Union? What contributions did Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States make to the defeat of Germany? K. Week 12: What were the causes of the war in Asia? How close did Japan come to winning the war? What accounts for the defeat of Japan? L. Week 13: How did the wartime experiences of the two “superpowers” that emerged from the conflict compare with each other? What set these countries apart from the other countries that participated in the war? M. Week 14: How did developments in science transform the nature of war? Why was the atomic bomb seen as a major departure from any previous form of warfare? Did the atomic bomb make total war as we have studied it in the course impossible? Key terms to know for final exam Who, What, When, Significance nationalism and its relationship to wars (when) (who) Kaiser Wilhelm II arguments for and against war prior to 1914 (who) alliance system; Triple Alliance, FrancoRussian Alliance, Entente imperialism and its relationship to World War I (significance) (when) militarization of society and significance of war planning before 1914 impact of Balkan wars (all) Serbian nationalism assassination of Franz Ferdinand trench warfare and reasons for its prevalence on Western Front role of artillery, machine guns, poison gas, tanks in World War I role of women in World War I mobilization behind the lines: industry, propaganda, agriculture Armenian genocide (significance) treatment of prisoners of war in World War I Russian Revolution of 1917 Communist attitude toward war (all) Fourteen Points Versailles treaty (who) reparations war guilt clause creation of new national states after World War I Mussolini (who) Fascism totalitarianism League of Nations human rights (and League of Nations) collective security pacifism Adolf Hitler National Socialist (Nazi) party Racial antisemitism Mein Kampf Great Depression and connection to rise of Hitler German rearmament NaziSoviet Pact (when) Blitzkrieg Winston Churchill (when) (significance) Vichy government in France Collaboration Operation Barbarossa German policy toward population in occupied Soviet Union North African theater; Afrikakorps; Rommel El Alamein “Torch” landings in North Africa Stalingrad Battle of Kursk Allied invasion of Italy DDay Warsaw Uprising Battle of the Bulge German “wonder weapons” in 1944 Auschwitz Battalion 101 Jozefow massacre Significance of “Jew hunts” Elie Wiesel Ghettos Deportation of Jews Mukden incident Manchukuo Japanese invasion of China Japanese offensive against US, British Empire, Dutch Empire Battle of Midway Guadalcanal Internment of Japanese civilians in US Role of women in US in World War II Themes in Soviet war propaganda Stalin Manhattan Project Discovery of nuclear fission (when) Role of émigré scientists in development of atomic bomb Hiroshima
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