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History 121 Study Guide

by: Jordan Rouse

History 121 Study Guide HIS 121

Marketplace > University of Kentucky > History > HIS 121 > History 121 Study Guide
Jordan Rouse

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What will be covered on the exam
United States History 1914-1945
Lacey Sparks
Study Guide
history, american, 1914-1945
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jordan Rouse on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIS 121 at University of Kentucky taught by Lacey Sparks in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see United States History 1914-1945 in History at University of Kentucky.

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Date Created: 05/01/16
History 121: World at War, 1914­1945    F 2015   Prof. Jeremy Popkin Study Guide for Final Exam  Date of Exam: consult with your TA! Each section takes the exam at a different  time, depending on the time of your section meeting What will be covered on the final exam:  All the material we have studied in the  course, from the beginning to the end. Format of the exam: (1) essay question (50% of exam grade).  There will be a choice  of at least three prompts for the essay question.  You will answer just one essay  question. (2) ID section: there will be choice of ID question “triads” (groups of three  related ID items).  You will answer three groups.  (45% of grade). (3) Map  questions: you will answer questions based on outline maps of Europe and  Asia/Pacific. (5% of grade) I. General themes of the course:  (1) the 6 notions of “total war” and what it  involves, for soldiers and civilians; (2) reasons why “total wars” proved to be  so much more destructive than earlier conflicts; (3) how technology has  altered the nature of warfare, from 1914 to 1945; (4) changing ways in which  civilians have been affected by total war during this period; (5) impact of  nationalism, racism, and imperialism on war, from 1914 to 1945; (6) the  Holocaust and its relationship to total war; (7) lessons about human nature that we can learn from this period of warfare. II. Major themes of the lectures and readings: th A. Week 1:  why was Europe generally peaceful during the “long 19   century” from 1815 to 1914?  Be able to identify 5 reasons why major  wars were avoided during this period.  What 4 developments occurred,  th particularly in the second half of the 19  century that began to make major wars more likely? 2 each B. Week 2: Who carried out the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in June  1914, and why did this act of terrorism set off a war?  Why did each of the five major European powers decide to join in the conflict?   C. Week 3: how did ordinary people react to the declaration of war?  What  impact did the war have on them, as demonstrated by the readings?  How  does the material in Your Death Would Be Mine illustrate the impact of  total war? D. Week 4:  what were the major characteristics of soldiers’ experience in  World War I?  Why was this war so brutal for the soldiers?  What  motivated them to keep fighting?  Did any of them come close to giving  up? E. Week 5: Based on All Quiet on the Western Front, what kinds of bonds  did soldiers develop among themselves during the war?  How does  Remarque’s depiction of the soldiers’ relationship with civilian society  differ from that given in Hanna’s book? F. Week 6:  Why can we say that the Russian Revolution was a consequence  of the First World War?  How did the nature of the Soviet Union affect the chances for a stable peace after the war?  What were the major features of  the Versailles peace treaty?  Why was it so fragile? G. Week 7: How was Fascism connected to the experience of the war?  Why  did the rise of Fascism make the postwar world more unstable?  What  measures did governments take to try to preserve peace after World War  I?  What groups supported these measures?  Why did they prove  unsuccessful? H. Week 8:  Why did the rise of Hitler in Germany make a new war almost  inevitable?  What kind of war did Hitler want to launch?   I. Week 9: What was the Holocaust?  What explains the participation of the  perpetrators in the Holocaust?  What was the experience of the victims  like? J. Weeks 10­11: Why were the Germans so successful in the early stages of  World War II?  How was the war transformed by the German invasion of  the Soviet Union?  What contributions did Britain, the Soviet Union and  the United States make to the defeat of Germany?  K. Week 12: What were the causes of the war in Asia?  How close did Japan  come to winning the war?  What accounts for the defeat of Japan? L. Week 13: How did the wartime experiences of the two “superpowers” that emerged from the conflict compare with each other?  What set these  countries apart from the other countries that participated in the war? M. Week 14: How did developments in science transform the nature of war?   Why was the atomic bomb seen as a major departure from any previous  form of warfare?  Did the atomic bomb make total war as we have studied  it in the course impossible? Key terms to know for final exam  Who, What, When, Significance nationalism and its relationship to wars (when) (who) Kaiser Wilhelm II arguments for and against war prior to 1914 (who)  alliance system; Triple Alliance, Franco­Russian Alliance, Entente imperialism and its relationship to World War I (significance) (when) militarization of society and significance of war planning before 1914 impact of Balkan wars (all) Serbian nationalism assassination of Franz Ferdinand trench warfare and reasons for its prevalence on Western Front role of artillery, machine guns, poison gas, tanks in World War I role of women in World War I mobilization behind the lines:  industry, propaganda, agriculture Armenian genocide (significance) treatment of prisoners of war in World War I Russian Revolution of 1917 Communist attitude toward war (all) Fourteen Points  Versailles treaty (who) reparations war guilt clause creation of new national states after World War I Mussolini (who)  Fascism totalitarianism League of Nations human rights (and League of Nations) collective security pacifism  Adolf Hitler  National Socialist (Nazi) party Racial antisemitism Mein Kampf Great Depression and connection to rise of Hitler German rearmament Nazi­Soviet Pact (when) Blitzkrieg Winston Churchill (when) (significance) Vichy government in France Collaboration Operation Barbarossa German policy toward population in occupied Soviet Union North African theater; Afrikakorps; Rommel El Alamein “Torch” landings in North Africa Stalingrad Battle of Kursk Allied invasion of Italy D­Day  Warsaw Uprising Battle of the Bulge German “wonder weapons” in 1944 Auschwitz Battalion 101 Jozefow massacre Significance of “Jew hunts” Elie Wiesel Ghettos Deportation of Jews Mukden incident Manchukuo Japanese invasion of China Japanese offensive against US, British Empire, Dutch Empire Battle of Midway Guadalcanal  Internment of Japanese civilians in US Role of women in US in World War II Themes in Soviet war propaganda Stalin Manhattan Project Discovery of nuclear fission (when) Role of émigré scientists in development of atomic bomb Hiroshima


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