SOC 354, Final Exam Study Guide
SOC 354, Final Exam Study Guide Soc 354
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc 354 at Northern Illinois University taught by Jan Reynolds in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Families and Social Change in Sociology at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
Chapter 7: Love and Romantic Relationships Terms Social script: norms of how people should interact with each other. Hooking up: a sexual encounter without any kind of commitment. o This definition varies between people. o Many college students have multiple hookups with the same person: a friend or ex. o Hookup culture has similar patterns to dating more than one person at once. o A good amount of students choose to abstain from hookups for various reasons. o Many hookups involve drugs or alcohol and many men believe a drunken consent is consent. Extra notes: Uses symbolic interactionism The dating norms are less clear today. Social scripts can help us determine how we feel and how to act. The social scripts showed an acceptable timeline for sex. In courting, dates took place at the woman’s home with parents and community members deciding who should be with whom The invention of the car made dating more private, but they still take places in public places. The man paid for dates. Most students have been on at least one date, however they define the word. Women still expect men to take the lead. Men are more likely to have sexual goals than women in college. In the 1950s, women were more likely than men to date multiple people in 1 week. Chapter 8: Marriage and Cohabitation Key Terms: Cohabitation: living with a significant other whom you are not married to. Random notes: People still marry because of economic and political incentives, social pressure, and initiation (conformity). Living together prior to marriage is the most common arrangement. It is now an expected stage in a relationship. Can sometimes cause couples to marry before they are ready. Some live together for financial reasons. Some plan to marry when they have more money, but some may split up because of financial stress. Some couples don’t believe in marriage. Some families may not approve of some couples marrying. Cohabitation is sometimes a compromise for couples who aren’t on the same page about marriage. Many divorced couples cohabitate instead of marrying again because it carries less risk. They want to protect their assets more than receive the financial benefits of marriage. They usually have separate finances until they have been together for a long time. They are often happier in their relationships than married couples. A lifelong commitment is often difficult to picture for independent people. The government contributes to marriage rates by providing financial benefits to married couples, and through samesex marriage laws. The government believes providing Temporary Assistants for Needy Families (TANF) will encourage mother to either get a job or get married. Concerns about this include the government forcing people to stay in unhealthy marriages and the trend could also be reversed by teaching independence to the poor. Critics provide other solutions for this such as raising the minimum wage and helping with childcare. The efforts the government has made to promote marriage have failed and made no difference on whether couples marry. Before 1970, there was no controversy over samesex marriage because gay voices were not heard. The Stonewall Riots changed this. Marriage wasn’t issue in the gay rights movement until the 1990’s. Don’t Ask Don’t was initiated during this period and appealed in 2010. Many states banned samesex marriage when it wasn’t illegal before. The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was initiated during this time and repealed 3 years ago. Some conservatives believe allowing samesex couples to marriage takes the traditional meaning out of marriage. People supportive of samesex marriage argue the benefits married couples receive. Chapter 10: Divorce, Remarriage, and Blended Families Random notes: Divorce is most common among people with less education, black and Native American people, people in their 1 10 years of marriage, and people who have been married more than once. There is mixed evidence of how likely cohabiting couples who marry will last. They may be more accepting of divorce, but engaged couples who cohabitate are less likely to get divorced. Divorce rates are higher among those who marry before age 20 than after age 25. Couples who say they are unhappy, spend little time together, disagree over important things, and have heated arguments are most likely to divorce. Couples with young children are less likely to divorce, but also less likely to be happy in their marriages. Couples facing job loss or economic crisis are more likely to divorce in the following years. . Remarrying can help divorced people financially, but divorced people struggling financially are less likely to remarry. Chapter 9: Families and Children Terms: Fertility: ability to conceive a kid and carry them to term. Totally fertility rate: # of kids born to each ciswoman. Opportunity cost: giving up something for something else. Ex: giving up your dream career to have kids. Infertility: people unable to conceive or carry a child to term. Parenting: raising a child Intensive motherhood: social pressure placed on mothers to invest time with their kids. o This shames mothers who have less time available due to divorce and/or employment. o Mothers spend more time with their kids than they did in the past. Male provider ideal: the patriarchal ideal of the father being head of the household in a breadwinner/homemaker model. o Dads are expected to make the career the top priority, while moms are expected to make parenting their main priority. Involved father ideal: the ideal of dads being involved in childcare. Random notes: Hispanic people have higher fertility rates. Usually must try for a year before seeking fertility treatments. Husband used to be allowed to divorce their wife if they were infertile. People are having fewer kids because they are more likely to survive. When parents have fewer kids, they invest more in them and more is expect of parents. 3 important aspects of parenting are supportiveness, monitoring, and discipline. Chapter 12: Family Violence and Abuse Intimate partner violence: violence between adults or teenagers in relationships. o This includes physical violence, threatened violence, rape, sexual assault, and stalking. o Domestic violence and violence against women are terms commonly used for this. o Other terms include common couple violence, intimate terrorism, violent resistance, and mutual violent control. Random notes: Sometimes the legal lines are difficult on what is considered abuse. Abuse at school is more likely to be reported than abuse at home. Wealthy places, college towns, and places with a high white population have more help services available. There are different legal definitions as to what counts as rape. It is difficult to prove rape among people in relationships unless the victim is physically injured. Marital rape used to be legal. Patterns of abuse are similar in samesex couples. Gay men can’t always receive the same services women receive. People who are abused have a harder time establishing healthy, stable relationships. Patriarchy=more violence. Rape is often not reported because of the fear of not being believed and the broken criminal justice system. Police are less likely to arrest a perpetrator if the victim is nonwhite. Interventions can include civil protection orders, mandatory arrest or proarrest rules, courtordered treatment, domestic violence courts and services for domestic violence victims.
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