Notes 4/27 - 4/29
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kirsten Notetaker on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Lewis University taught by Dr. Greenwood in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Lewis University.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
Affiliation need – evolution/natural selection (need to belong) the fear of separation, the sense of loneliness is innate within us, we all want to belong to a group o Source of security – separation anxiety (senioritis) don’t want to leave what we are comfortable with o Loneliness – violation of homeostasis not the same as being alone, loneliness is highest in a large city where you are surrounded by a lot of strangers, loneliness is being separated from people who give you security, the people that count, it makes us go back to these people, homeostasis is a balanced state where we feel safe and balanced, we need to maintain a balanced state in terms of social bonding, humans are a social species Situational/emotional/social – effects of modern times Attraction – combination of instinctive and conditioned responses o Not always mutual (valence, intensity) attraction is not always mutual, we can be attracted to people who have no interest in us, it is the pain of attraction and bonding, valence is the sign if we are positivity or negatively responding to something, intensity is how much we are attracted to the person, one is always more powerfully invested in the other, depressing af o Biology – oxytocin (bonding) chemical messenger triggered by the hypothalamus in the limbic system, is associated with forming bonds, particularly between mothers and their babies, it is a function of biological processes, “love hormone”, not all mothers are attracted to their babies o Proximity – familiarity (mere exposure effect) vs/ boredom we want to have protectors, there is a cycle to long term relationships, things can threaten your value system, if you stick together then satisfaction increases, boredom, lack of change, and build up or irritation, you need to change it up Rewardingness/shared emotional experience (boot camp) no one understands except for those who have experienced it with you, sharing punishment creates bonds – proximity o Physical attractiveness – initial attraction initial attraction is based on physical beauty Central trait/halo effect – implicit personality theory we think beautiful people are perfect, but they are not Innate preferences (implied health) o Similatiry (salient features – objective/subjective) Similarity in central values – long term stability Assumed helpmate, self affirmation effect Response to being liked Superman effect (mix -/+ traits) – coffee study the people who knocked over coffee were viewed as more attractive because they were more human like, we are not superman Matching principle vs/ complementarity principle the stronger the familiarity = more trust, pretty people pick pretty people, complementarity is opposites attract, we are curious about people who are different than us, sometime we attracted to them temporarily but that seldom holds together, they don’t agree, you don’t like the same things Relationship creation (pair bonding) relationships have to be created, it takes active work o Attachment – age based stages (similar function – different target) need to form a trusting bond with a care giver, if not we are not trusting, manipulative, and paranoid, after caregiver bonding is peer bonding, then pair bonding, and then bonding with a child, it all goes with you age o Reciprocity (positive and negative) positive reciprocity = increased trust, avoid the negative and magnify the positive Self disclosure script – increased vulnerability when you say something personal it makes you vulnerable, they can use that against you, this is when you offer up something about yourself to see how the other reacts, I show trust in you by being vulnerable, and you do the same, men have a hard time with this, allows others to help us with our pain, fears, doubts, creates a support system o Sternberg ABCDE model – A for attraction, B for building, C for consolidation, D for deterioration, E for ending for a relationship that was established and broke apart --- Greenwood modifies building and consolidation is repeated, the relationship is always under repair, you have to be actively monitoring, one of the problems in relationships is we get caught up in our own thing and we don’t see what is going on ABC ABC ABC Trust, patience, tolerance or inequity, communication, empathy tolerance, have to accept unfairness temporariarly as long as it doesn’t go too far because your turn will come, emphasis on communication and transperancy, tell people what’s on your mind and what you’re feeling,
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