HSC160 Final Study Guide
HSC160 Final Study Guide HSC 160
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Miner on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HSC 160 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Otiam in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
HSC160 Final Study Guide Chapter 13, 14, 15 Chapter 13 1. An example of an intentional injury is: MURDER 2. Jack beats his wife Melissa “to teach her a lesson”. Afterward, he denies attacking her. The phase of the cycle of violence that this illustrates is: ACUTE BATTERING 3. In a sociology class, students were discussing sexual assault. A student says women dress too provocatively. This social assumption is: BLAIMING THE VICTIM 4. Rape by a person the victim knows and that does not involve a physical beating or use of a weapon is: SIMPLE RAPE 5. Which of the following is an example of stalking? REPEATED VISUAL, PHYSICAL, VIRTUAL SEEKING OUT OF ANOTHER PERSON 6. When Sofia began her new job with all male coworkers, her supervisor told her that he enjoyed having an attractive woman in the workplace and winks. His comment constitutes: SEXUAL HARRASMENT 7. Which of the following is not a good response to another driver’s road rage? DRIVE HOME IMMEDIATLEY 8. The majority of skateboarding accidents happen to riders who: HAVE BEEN RIDING FOR MORE THAN ONE YEAR 9. Above what decibel level do risks for hearing loss increase? 85 Db (DIESEL TRUCK ENGINE) 10. Which of the following is a common factor in repetitive motion disorders? INCORRECTLY ALIGNED COMPUTER WORKSTATTION SET UP 1. Prevalence of gang violence, terrorism, and domestic violence in the United States. a. 79% of crimes against college students occurs at offcampus b. Factors that contribute to violence: i. Community contexts, societal factors, religious beliefs and differences, political differences, criminal justice system, stress c. Interpersonal violence: i. Homicide, domestic violence, child abuse, elder abuse, and sexual victimization. 1. These cause significant emotional, social, and physical risks d. Forms of collective violence: i. Gang violence and terrorism, result in fear, anxiety, and issues of discrimination 2. Common causes of motor vehicle accidents a. Distracted driving, impaired driving, speeding, vehicle safety issues 3. Evidence of climate changes a. Rising sea levels, glacier retreat, arctic shrinkage at the poles, altered patterns of agriculture, deforestation, forest fires, drought, extreme weather events, increase in tropical diseases, loss of species 4. Common gases implicated in indoor air pollution a. Environmental tobacco smoke, home heating, asbestos, formaldehyde, radon, lead, mold, sick building syndrome 5. Ways of controlling municipal solid waste (MSW) a. Source reduction, recycling, composting, combustion 6. Sexual assault a. Defined as unwelcome sexual conduct that is related to any condition of employment or evaluation of student performance 7. Define Blaming the victim a. Blaming the victim: in spite of efforts to combat this type of thinking, there is still the belief that scantily clad women “ask” for sexual advances 8. Differentiate with example, intentional and unintentional injuries a. Intentional injury: (murder) injury, death, or harm inflicted with intent to harm b. Unintentional injury: without premeditation 9. Differentiate between primary aggression and secondary aggression a. Primary aggression: goaldirected, hostile selfassertion that is destructive in character 10. How to respond to road rage a. Avoid eye contact, don’t antagonize, do not go directly home, take names, stay calm 11. Prevalence of child sexual abuse cases and common perpetrators 12. Different noise levels and hearing loss a. 85 Db (diesel truck engine) and above increase risk for hearing loss 13. Differentiate between terrorism, subversion, coercion, and intimidation a. Terrorism: the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof in furtherance of political or social objectives b. Subversion: c. Coercion: d. Intimidation: 14. Differentiate between domestic violence, gang violence, random violence, and sexual victimization a. Domestic violence: refers to the use of force to control and maintain power over another person in the home environment b. Gang violence: drug/sex trafficking, shootings, beatings, thefts, carjackings, and killing of innocent victims c. Random violence: d. Sexual victimization: refers to any situation in which an individual 15. Carrying capacity: a. The largest population that can be supported indefinitely given the resources available in the environment 16. Fertility rate a. Average number of births a female in a certain population has during her reproductive years 17. Common crimes of bias: a. Ethnoviolence, racial, religious, and sexual discrimination 18. Sexual assault a. Any act in which one person is sexually intimate with another person without consent 19. Simple rape a. Rape committed by the person the victim knows & does NOT involve physical beating/use of weapon 20. Aggravated rape a. Rape involving one or more attackers, strangers, weapons, or physical beatings 21. Hate Crime a. A crime targeted against a particular societal group and motivated by bias against that group 22. Stalking: a. Can be defined as conduct directed at a person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear 23. Common air pollutants and where they come from: a. Smog, air quality index (AQI), Acid deposition and Acid rain, ozone layer depletion 24. Formation of photochemical smog: a. Tends to form in areas that experience a temperature inversion (a cool layer of air is trapped under a layer of warm air, preventing the air from circulating) b. Smog, hills, mountains (LA & Mexico City) 25. Examples of chlorofluorocarbons and their effects on the ozone layer: a. Refrigerants & hair spray b. When released into the air, they migrate to the ozone layer, where they decompose and release chlorine atoms that break apart the ozone layer 26. Sickbuilding syndrome: a. Occurs when occupants of a building experience acute health effects linked to time spent in a building but no specific illness or cause can be identified i. Poor ventilation, dander, mold 27. Radon: a. An odorless, colorless, gas found in soil b. Second leading cause in lung cancer 28. Formaldehyde: a. Colorless, strongsmelling gas released from building materials or new carpet in a process called “outgassing” 29. Asbestos: a. Mineral compound used to insulate vinyl flooring, roofing materials. b. Can embed themselves in the lungs leading to lung cancer or other life threatening diseases 30. Lead: a. A metal pollutant found in paint, batteries, soils, drinking water, 31. Stationary pollutants: a. Power plants, factories, and refineries 32. Mobile pollutants: a. vehicles 33. Terminology for measurement of the cleanness/contamination of the air: a. Air Quality Index: (AQI) measures how clean or polluted the air is on a given day and if there are any health concerns related to air quality b. The higher the AQI the higher the air pollution 34. Point source contamination: a. Pollutants that enter waterways at a specific location 35. Nonpoint source contamination: a. Pollutants that run off or seep into waterways from broad areas of land 36. Global warming: a. Is a type of climate change where average temperatures increase 37. Climate change: a. Refers to a shift in typical weather patterns across the world. These can include fluctuations in seasonal temperatures (rain/snow amount) 38. Ozone depletion: a. Major contributor is CFC’s 39. Greenhouse effect: a. A natural phenomenon in which greenhouse gasses (like CO2), nitrus oxide, methane, CFCs, and hydrocarbons, form a layer in the atmosphere that allows solar heat to pass through, trapping heat close to surface 40. Greenhouse gasses: a. Major contributor to climate change 41. Ayurvedic medicine: a. Relates to the “science of life” (India), seeks to integrate and balance the body, mind, and spirit to restore harmony to individual. 42. Traditional Chinese medicines: a. Emphasizes the proper balance or disturbances of qi, or vital energy, in health and disease, respectively. 43. Homeopathic medicine: a. Is an unconventional Western system based on the principal that "like cures like.“ ( Depending on the dose) 44. Naturopathic medicine: a. Views disease as a manifestation of the body's effort to ward off impurities and harmful substances from the environment. 45. Alternative medicine & examples: a. Traditionally been used in place of conventional medicine i. EX: following a specific diet or using a herbal remedy to treat cancer instead of using radiation, surgery, or other conventional treatments 46. Complementary medicine & examples: a. Used together with conventional medicine as part of a modern integrative medicine approach. i. EX: the use of massage therapy along with prescription drugs 47. Sustainable development: a. Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs 48. Examples of radiation exposures and the units for measuring radiation: a. Nonionizing radiation: at the lower end of the electromagnetic spectrum i. Moves in long wavelengths (radio, TV, microwaves, infrared waves, visible light) b. Ionizing radiation: caused by the release of particles and electromagnetic rays from atomic nuclei during the normal process of disintegration i. High frequency (uranium, the sun, ultraviolet rays) c. Measured in radiation absorbed doses (rads): 0.55 rads is healthy i. 100200: nausea ii. 350500: death/bone marrow iii. 600700: fatal 49. Hazardous waste: a. Defined as waste with properties that make it capable of harming human health or the environment ______________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 14 1. The largest population that can be supported indefinitely given the resources available is known as: CARRYING CAPACITY 2. The phenomenon that creates a barrier to protect us from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation rays is: THE OZONE LAYER 3. The air pollutant that originates primarily from moto vehicle emission is: NITROGEN DIOXIDE 4. One possible source of indoor air pollution is a gas present in some carpets and home furnishings call: FORMALDEHYDE 5. Which of the following substances separates into tiny fibers that can become embedded in the lungs? ASBESTOS 6. Some herbicides contain toxic substances called: DIOXINS 7. The term “point source” and “nonpoint source” are used to describe the two general sources of: WATER POLLUTION 8. A DVD you recently purchased came with less packaging than DVD’s once had. This is an example of controlling municipal solid waste via: SOURCE REDUCTION 9. Which gas is considered radioactive and could become cancer causing when it seeps into the home: RADON 10. What is the recommended safe level of rad exposure per year: 0.5 – 5 RADS Chapter 15 1. Of the following conditions, which would be appropriately managed by selfcare? A SORE THROAT, RUNNY NOSE, AND COUGH THAT PERSIST FOR A FEW DAYS 2. What medical practice is based on procedures whose objective is to heal by countering the patients’ symptoms? ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE 3. CAM therapies focus on treating both the mind and the whole body, which makes them part of a: HOLISTIC APPROACH 4. What type of medicine addresses imbalances of “qi”? TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE 5. The alternative system of medicine based on the principle that “like cures like” is: HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE 6. The use of techniques to improve the psychoneuroimmunology of the human body is called: MINDBODY MEDICINE 7. What system places equal emphasis on body, mind, and spirit and strives to restore the innate harmony of the individual? AYURVEDIC MEDICINE 8. The “USP Dietary Supplement Verified” seal indicates that a supplement is: SAFE AND PURE 9. What mechanism used by private insurance companies requires that the subscriber pay a certain amount directly to the provider before the insurance company will begin paying for services? DEDUCTIBLES 10. Andrea, 28, is a single parent on welfare. Her medical bills are paid by a federal health insurance program for the poor. This program is: MEDICAID 1. Different rights patients have: a. Right of informed consent b. Right to know whether your treatment is standard or experimental c. Right to make decisions regarding recommended health care d. Right to confidentiality e. Right to receive adequate health care or to refuse treatment and cease treatment f. Right to access all of your medical records g. Right to continuity of care h. Right to seek other medical opinions i. Right to courtesy, respect, dignity, responsiveness, and timely attention 2. Different managed care delivery systems: a. Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs). b. HMOs work on fixed prepaid amounts for covered benefits—least expensive 3. Common herbal supplements: a. Gingko. Ginseng, Echinacea, cava, ephedra, St. John’s 4. Generic drugs: a. These are medications sold under a chemical name, rather than a brand name 5. OTC 6. Prescription drugs: a. Can be obtained only with a written prescription from a physician, whereas over thecounter drugs can be purchased without a prescription. 7. Massage therapy: a. Softtissue manipulation by trained therapists for relaxation and healing. 8. Chiropractic medicine: a. Focuses on the manipulation of the spine and other neuromuscular structures with a goal of correcting alignment problems, alleviating pain and supporting the body's selfhealing abilities. 9. Acupuncture: a. Oldest forms of traditional Chinese medicine, is sought for a wide variety of health conditions, including musculoskeletal dysfunction, mood enhancement, and wellness promotion. i. The placement and manipulation of acupuncture needles is based on traditional Chinese theories of lifeforce energy (qi) flow through meridians, or energy pathways, in the body. 10. Acupressure: a. Similar to acupuncture but does not use needles. The practitioner applies pressure to points critical to balancing yin and yang, the two Chinese principles that interact to influence overall harmony (health) of the body. 11. Ayurvedic medicine: a. A comprehensive system of medicine derived largely from ancient India, that places equal emphasis on the body, mind, and spirit and strives to restore the body’s harmony of the individual 12. Homeopathic medicine: a. Unconventional western system of medicine based on the principle that “like cures like” 13. Naturopathic medicine: a. System of medicine in which practitioners work with nature to restore people’s health 14. Complementary and alternative medicines: a. Complementary medicine: i. Used together with conventional medicine as part of a modern integrative medicine approach. b. Alternative medicine: i. Traditionally been used in place of conventional medicine e.g using a herbal remedy to treat cancer instead of chemotherapy or radiotherapy. 15. Allopathic medicine and examples of different practitioners : a. Conventional health care, also called allopathic medicine, mainstream medicine, or traditional Western medical practice, is based on the premise that illness is a result of exposure to harmful environmental agents, such as infectious micro organisms and pollutants or organic changes in the body b. Osteopaths: i. General practitioners who receive training similar to that of MDs, but who place special emphasis on the skeletal and muscular systems. c. Ophthalmologists: i. Eye care specialists who hold a medical degree and can perform surgery or prescribe medication, whereas optometrists evaluate visual problems and fit glasses but are not trained physicians. d. Dentists, nurses, nurse practitioners, physicians assistants 16. Selfcare: a. Practicing behaviors that promote health, prevent disease, and minimize reliance on medical system. Consists of knowing your body, paying attention to its signals, and taking appropriate action to stop illness or injury 17. Different government health insurance schemes: a. Medicare, Medicade, CHIP, SSA, HMO’s 18. Deductible: a. Frontend payments (commonly $1,000 annually) you make for health care before coverage kicks in to pay for eligible services. 19. Copay: a. Set amounts paid per service (e.g., $20 per doctor visit) or product received regardless of the total cost. 20. Coinsurance: a. The percentage you must pay based on the terms of the policy (e.g., 20% of the total bill).
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