British Literature Final Study Guide
British Literature Final Study Guide Engl2543
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Stephens on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Engl2543 at Oklahoma State University taught by Dr. Mayer in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Survey British Literature 1 in Foreign Language at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
British Literature final study guide The Dream of the Rood: religious poem speakers: narrator & cross poem recast Jesus’ death with both Christian & Anglo-Saxon beliefs cross paints Jesus as hero, although he was sacrificial lamb in Bible syncretism: attempting to reconcile two things; blending religions The Wanderer: speakers: narrator & wanderer wanderer narrates his experience & philosophical reflection poem ends with Christians note, but does not obliterate Anglo-Saxon darkness in poem (last section added later) Beowulf: Heroic/epic Rules: alliteration within a single line lines split in half by caesura kennings: circumlocution device Christian & Pagan elements, BUT MOSTLY PAGAN PLOT: Grendel comes (Hrothgar is reclusive), Beowulf (leader of Geats), Battle with Grendel & Grendel’s mom, celebration follows, Dragon killed by Beowulf, Wiglaf new king Pagan: monsters (deminrge), ominous & grim Christian: Prayers & Cain and Abel Sir Gawain & The Green Knight: Arthurian romance Rules: large chunks with alliterative long lines faint caesuras irregular lengths bob & wheel stanza- 5 lines, 1 line is 2 syllables, rhyme scheme apparent PLOT: Trojan War, gathering for Christmas, Green Knight arrives with quest, Gawain takes quest, finds castle, receives girdle, Gawain is unharmed by green knight because of girdle, returns to king ashamed chivalric ideal: courage + refinement The Canterbury Tales: Chaucer index of English society (22 tales) teller specific framing narrative: pilgrimage Rules: rhyming couplets, iambic pentameter, verse paragraphs ESTATES: aristocrats, clergy, & commons KNIGHT’S TALE- romance, MILLER’S TALE- fabliau Commons are not criticized as harshly as clergy The Long Love, That in My Heart Doth Harbor: Wyatt Petrarchan sonnet- 14 lines, octave & sestet, iambic pentameter PLOT: man blushes when lady walks in, he feels he is not worthy of her, his love flees to his heart (retreats) LOVE IS SUFFERING Amoretti: Happy Ye Leaves When As Those Lily Hands: Spencer Shakespearean sonnet- 14 lines, 3 quatrains & a couplet, iambic pentameter leaves=pages lily hands=girl the book is lucky to be held by lady The Faerie Queene: Spencer epic/romance/allegory Spenserian stanza- 9 lines, first 8 lines are iambic pentameter, last line is iambic hexameter (alexandrine) Epic conventions- in media res, invocation of the muse PLOT: begins in plains (Redcrosse & Una), met Errour, met Archimago, fidessa & duessa, house of holiness, ending=planning to get married The Tempest: Shakespeare Comedy/ romance/ play Prospero, Miranda & Ferdinand, Caliban PLOT: shipwreck, Prospero uses magic to mess with people, blocks Miranda’s relationship @ first, negotiates a way back home to Europe Prospero’s speech at the end- blank verse The Indifferent: Donne varying stanza lengths & not iambic pentameter speaker has no restrictions on who he will have sex with sees fidelity as a vice libertine punishment for faithfulness is being cheated on breaks courtly love tradition The Bait: Donne quatrains & iambic pentameter realistic view of love focuses on fishing erotic and becomes violent metaphysical conceit The Flea: Donne 9 lines, variable meter man wants to have sex with lady, but she doesn’t want it “flea has already mixed our blood” woman kills flea metaphysical conceit Paradise Lost: Milton verse paragraphs & blank verse begins in media res Satan= hero? Great Consult- what should we do mess with God & his creation? Adam & Eve=hero in end Genesis doesn’t blame Eve as much as Milton ROCHESTER: Song: quatrains & iambic tetrameter speaker is at odds with courtly love tradition wants to hang with his bros & get drunk Against Constancy: quatrains & alternating iambic tetrameter & trimester throws out courtly love tradition, similar to Donne The Imperfect Enjoyment: heroic couplets & iambic pentameter premature ejaculation performs perfectly with whores, but not with his “love” scolds his penis Mac Flecknoe: Dryden mock epic heroic couplets poem is about bad writing satire of Dryden’s rival- Thomas Shadwell scatological humor kingdom of nothing The Country Wife: Wycherley comedy of manners satire of marriage Horner- impotent scheme, 4 lovers Harcourt & Alithea’s love China scene The Second Book of the Countess of Pembroke Arcadia: Sidney romance/ pastoral ornate language and structure periphrastic style A Journal of the Plague Year: Defoe anti-romance a real account of the plague straightforward & plain The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania: Wroth romance ornante language & structure typical male form that is appropriated The Unfortunate Happy Lady: A True History: Behn realistic set in England deals with financial problems- dowry & gambling written in PROSE aimed @ regular people Fantomina: Haywood realistic woman pretends to be prostitute & gets raped pretends to be country girl & window in order to have sex with man she gets pregnant & sent to a convent by her mother feels a bit like romance amatory fiction A Description of the Morning: Swift heroic couplets & iambic pentameter urban & mock pastoral displays what is wrong with the city soiled and not idealized A Modest Proposal: Swift Prose parody of projects poverty & hunger in Dublin solution= to east the babies The Rape of the Lock: Pope heroic couplets & iambic pentameter heroi-comical mock epic machinery- angelettes triviality & irony Belinda & the Baron Clarissa’s Speech The Seasons: Autumn: Thomson rich in poetic diction melancholy tone descriptive ordinary man reflecting on life not religious written in blank verse Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard: Gray quatrains & iambic pentameter set in graveyard surrounded by ordinary folk emphasis on loss individual and owl humble and unknown Ode on the Poetical Character: Collins visionary poem man climbs up mount & finds evidence of Spencer & Milton speaker wants to be their company, is IN VAIN he realizes it is not meant for him FAILURE
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