History Exam Final
History Exam Final HIST 112 009
Popular in United States History since 1865
Popular in Department
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Beasley on Monday May 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 112 009 at University of South Carolina taught by Foxworth in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 83 views.
Reviews for History Exam Final
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 05/02/16
1. Eisenhower and Modern Republicanism o Modern Republicanism - resisting federal intervention in the economy and social aspects for American life o Did not want complete “laissez faire” but wanted less government control o Eisenhower increased the Tru man loyalty program but did not buy into the anti - Communist fervor o Believed that government should be left up to the states and private business o However, he increased the number of workers under Social Security, increased minimum wage, and created the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and distributed a polio vaccine o Interstate Highway and Defense System Act of 1956- made highways to connect the country and paid for by increased fue l and vehicle taxes o While it was helpful it led to air pollution, energy consumption, and declining railroads. 2. Kitchen Debate • Nixon and Khrushchev (Soviet Premier) met at an American Exhibit in Moscow • While in the “kitchen” exhibit they discussed the pros of capitalism and communism in the contest of postwar prosperity • Showed a cultural exchange in the middle of the Cold War • It was a civil encounter and a friendly discussion • Opened up the communication between Soviet Union and US 3. Betty Friedan o Helped found the Nation al Organization for Women (NOW) in 1966 o Wanted equal treatment of women o Supported Feminism 4. Cuban Missile Crisis Background: o Fidel Castro led a revolution against the Cub an government o Soviets became interested in Cuba o 1962 Soviet Union tried to establish a nuclear outpost in Cuba o Kennedy ordered CIA to invade Cuban to aid the stop of the revolution o 1961 at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba, CIA agents fel l to Castro’s forces after refusing to provide support to the uprising What happened: o 1962 Khrushchev installed nuclear missiles in Cuba to support Castro ’s forces and protect them from US o CIA found out about them through surveying the land and taking pictures of the missiles o Kennedy said that any Soviet ship believed to have more missiles on board for Cuba would be turned away and that any attack would trigger a “nuclear assault” o Kennedy and Khrushchev came to an agreement o Soviets removed missiles and promised not to bring new weapons to Cuba o US promised not to invade Cuba 5. Voting Rights Act of 1965 o Banned literacy test (they were impossibly complicated to disqualify black voters) o Authorized federal intervention so that black could access the voting booths. 6. Phyllis Schlafly o Author of “A Choice not an Echo” o Organized STOP ERA o Aka stop taking women’s privileges o Wanted women the same as men o There are God given differences between the two o Almost made it possible for women to be drafted and fight on the frontline o ERA was dangerous because they supported unisex bathrooms, it undermined the role of the homemaker o She was against the feminist movem ent 7. Black Power Movement o Economic self-determination of the Afric an Americans o Black ownership of governing institutions o Urban-focused o Rejection of nonviolence o Increased value of African heritage o “Black is Beautiful” o Black Panther’s wanted: o Full employment o End to economic exploitation o Housing o End to police brutality and oppression o Fair trials for black defendants o Arrest of Huey Newton energizes and divides o Movement prompted considerable backlash 8. Presidential Election of 1968 o Nixon verses Humphrey o Nixon’s Southern Strategy o Busing § Black students are “bused in” to predominantly white community schools and white students are “bused in” to predominantly black community schools to enforce “defacto” desegregation where it exists § Unpopular with white parents • They didn’t want their kids to move to black schools § Triggers property rights arguments and ends up in courtrooms o In exchange for their endorsement in the south Nixon promises Strom Thurmond and Jesses Helms that he will not nominate supreme court judges who would block busing cases o Prompts many southerners to vote republican for the first time 9. Détente o Instead of focusing on containment, focusing on arms control and trade o The new strategy of Nixon for US -Chinese relations o Made little process after 1974 10. Pentagon Papers o A secret study of war that had begun in 1967 o The New York Times published parts of the Papers o The papers revealed pessimism from officials on the Vietnam war o Only confirmed the public ’s fear that it was a mistake to go to Vietnam o Release of the Papers decreased military morale 11. Reagan Doctrine o Reagan supported military build up o “Peace through strength” o US supported third world countries militaries in an effort to cripple the Soviet Unions economy (Soviet Union lost money because they couldn’t keep up with US) o US gave money and weapons to “freedom fighters” in these third world countries o Strategic Defense Initiative started nuclear buildup o Causes US debt to go from $994 billion to $2.4 trill ion in 9 years 12. Iran Contra Scandal o Iran Contra: It was a conspiracy to sell weapons to Iran to ransom US hostages and fund the anti-communist fighters in Nicaragua o Sandinistas vs. Contras o Sandinistas rebelled against the Dictator of Nicaragua, Somoza § Soviet Union was friendly with them § US was against them § For communism § Wanted/ encouraged communism in neighboring countries o Contras § US supported financially § Were counter revolutionaries § US gave them weapons § 1982 Media leaded the contra’s human violations (mad e the US look bad but they still supported) o Boland Amendment (Congress passed) o US could not use fund for overthrowing the Nicaraguan government o Reagan ignored and found “loop hole” § Sold weapons to Iran and used the money to fund Contras § Lebanese newspaper broke story about the diversion of money § US stopped selling weapons o Boland II o US cannot help the Contras IN ANY WAY 13. Mikhail Gorbachev o Took power in the Soviet Union in 1985 o Wanted to stimulate production and streamline consumer needs o Allowed elections o People were allowed to freely challenge communism in the Soviet Union o Came to an agreement with Reagan o Intermediate-range nuclear forces agreement § HUGE change in US -Soviet Union relationship § Got rid of all missiles in Europe § First time both countries agreed to get rid of weapons they already had o Gorbachev withdrew his troops from Afghanistan o An agreement with US, Soviet Union, and Cuba over the civil war in Angola ended the Cold War
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'