AHS 100 Final Exam Study Guide
AHS 100 Final Exam Study Guide AHS 100
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jessica_Kline on Monday May 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to AHS 100 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Mary Carter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 118 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Art in Art at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
AHS TEST 4 STUDY GUIDE Ch. 16 African Art Head of a Yoruba King (African) -hollow; honoring their leaders Yoruba Twin Figures (Ibeji) (African) -twins much more common; matching souls; head larger than should be Attributed to Kojo Bonsu, Finial of a spokesperson’s staff (African) -holding an egg; what this person is saying is important and it has consequences Kente cloth (African) -patterns handed down through families; men weave long thin strips that are sewn together work of El Anatsui -influenced by Kente cloth; collected trash to make into cloth curtains Great Mosque of Djenné (or Jenné) (African) -adobe; whole community comes to help re-mud until it was rebuilt Power Figure (Nkisi Nkonde), Kongo (African) -used to make promises; hammered in a nail to activate the power of the figure Bwa masks in performance (African) -transition from adolescence to adulthood; irregular patterns Terms Lost-wax casting- pour molten metal into a mold Beading- obscures individuality of the king (one of many); shields from the king’s power Ch. 17 Neoclassicism, Romanticism, and Realism Jean-Honore Fragonard The Swing (Rococo) -celebrated the lives of the rich, man pushing girl on swing, looking up her dress, Cupid statue to warn them about the consequences David, Oath of the Horatii (Neoclassicism) -three warrior brothers represent Roma side of the war; swearing allegiance; father has swords; women in grief of the men leaving David. The Death of Marat. (Neoclassical) -Marat was the leader of the French Revolution; killed in his bath; imitating the position of Jesus in the Pieta Jefferson, Monticello (Neoclassicism) -symmetrical; columns; Greek style Gericault, The Raft of the “Medusa” (Romanticism) -15 survivors from a boat accident after drifting for 2 weeks; very grotesque Goya, Third of May, 1808 (Romanticism) -massacre; people being shot for having guns; man in center in crucifixion pose Turner, Snowstorm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps (Romanticism) -shows the power of nature; sublime message; people are tiny at the bottom Cole, The Oxbow (Romanticism) -manifest destiny; bring civilization to wilderness; counterbalance of chaos v. peace Terms: Atmospheric perspective- toning colors to gray as the image perceives to be further away from the foreground The Enlightenment and its ideas- science and reason could light up the minds of those who used them The Sublime- experience in nature helps us be aware of our emotions Neoclassical style- severe, precisely drawn figures, appear in the foreground Genre scenes- ordinary people doing ordinary things Ch. 18 The Art World; 1840-1910 Realism Courbet, A Burial at Ornans (Realism) -father’s funeral; community is our salvation; skull near grave (memento mori); everyone kind of reacting different; not picturing redemption like past funeral paintings Eakins, The Gross Clinic (Realism) -surgery as a healing profession; using ether for anesthesia; just after Civil War Impressionism Influences of the style -Japanese prints; asymmetrical and flat (no shadows); photography; able to take the train places to draw; tubes of paint Monet, Boulevard des Capucines, Paris (Impressionism) -people on their way to work; not specific organization; randomly placed people; no social hierarchy Monet, Impression, Sunrise. (Impressionism) -very upsetting to many people; had their own unofficial exhibit; one of the first impressionist paintings Cassatt, Mother and Child (Impressionism) -informal poses; slight outline to all the figures Post-Impressionism Cezanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire (Post-Impressionism) -has solid form (cones, cylinders, spheres); like sides of crystals or legos, no dabs of color Seurat, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (Post- Impressionism) -little dots; based on a scientific color theory of how colors interact next to each other Van Gogh, The Starry Night (Post-Impressionism) -impasto painting; used a ton of paint Rodin, Burghers of Calais (Post-Impressionism) -town councilmen were sent out of the city to be hanged instead of the people in the town; everyone has different reactions; sculpture Terms: Daguerreotype- how pictures were taken local color- the color we know something is optical color- the color we see “en plein air”- painting outside in one sitting heightened color- exaggerated color, infused with emotion (Van Gogh) impasto- paint applied VERY thickly; cake frosting pointillism- visual color mixing, colors next to each other don’t look like their real colors arts and crafts- lots was homemade (disagreed with the modern vision) art nouveau- lots in architecture (disagreed with the modern vision) photography- able to show ordinary people doing ordinary things Ch. 19 Modern Art Matisse, The Joy of Life (Expressionism) -used emotional color; related to subject matter; led the way to modernism Kandinsky, Improvisation 28 (Second Version) (Expressionism) -complete abstraction; color can function without a specific subject matter Braque, Violin and Palette (Cubism) -earthy colors; can see all sides of the figures Picasso, Glass and a Bottle of Suze (Cubism) -some real newspaper but some is painted newspaper Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (Cubism) -seductive poses; sharp and brittle edges of shapes; disrespectful to women Picasso, Guernica (Cubism) -bombed by Nazis; originally about war and violence then named after the town; corpses strewn about; bodies burning Duchamp, Fountain (Dada) -meticulous realism; joined together random objects; not about taste or judgment Dali, The Persistence of Memory (Surrealism) -making the hallucinations look believable Piet Mondrian, Composition with Yellow, Red, and Blue, (International) 1927. -vertical and horizontal lines; simple geometric shapes; primary colors and black/white Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye (Modernism) -no obvious entryway; sliding partition doors; lots of glass; expensive to heat and cool Wright, Edgar Kaufman House (Fallingwater), Pennsylvania (American Scene) -built on the creek; plenty of free space; cantilevers had to be repaired Wood, American Gothic (American Scene) -ordinary people/ordinary things; realistic/precise; farmer and daughter who stayed Lawrence, Panel from The Migration Series (American Scene) -simplified figures; every scene is different Terms: Arbitrary (random) color- subjective for design, aesthetic, or emotional reasons emotional color- relates to the subject matter’s theme or content the Fauves- group of painters who used strong color to represent real values collage- to glue papers on a surface “Readymades”- random objects stuck together (Duchamp) “the grid”- freedom inside a clear structure; clear hierarchy of information (JCP ad) expressionism- good art SHOULD be expressive cubism- images fractured apart dada and surrealism- artists turned away from logic and toward the irrational cantilever- layer of concrete to counterbalance Ch. 20 Art Since 1945 Pollock, Autumn Rhythm (Abstract Expressionism) -color thrown out; action painting; raw emotion; don’t have a subject matter Rothko, No. 61 (Rust and Blue) (Abstract Expressionism) -the color WAS the subject matter Rauchenberg, Canyon, (Abstract Expressionism) -some melted wax; fount objects; made fun of some baroque painting Warhol, Marilyn Diptych (Pop Art) -fascinated with fame; died of complications from a gunshot wound Oldenburg, Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks (Pop Art) -sculpture; huge scale; relating to the war and the vanity of it Smithson, Spiral Jetty, Great Salt Lake, Utah (Earthworks) -in Utah; axis mundi (center of the world where the universe spins around it); 10-20% salt; earth came from an old mine site; 1500 feet long; covered in salt crystals Chicago, The Dinner Party (Postmodern) -feminist movement (triangle); 39 place settings for famous women in history and in art Ringgold, Tar Beach (Postmodern) -family on the roof of apartment; painted onto a quilt; narrative; simplicity Paik, Electronic Superhighway: Continental U.S. (Postmodern) -behind the outlines of the states are TVs showing clips from his recordings; time collage; modern video art (pre-digital) Martin Puryear, Plenty’s Boast, 1994–1995. (Postmodern). 68" x 83" x 118”. -woodworking; basket weaving interspersed throughout all his work Gehry, Guggenheim Museum, Spain (Postmodern) -titanium sheath; expands and contracts just a quickly as glass and concrete Terms: Action painting- the linear quality shows the way the paint was applied, all-over-ness Color Field painting- acrylic paint, all-over-ness assemblages or combines pluralism (think “mash-ups”) all-over-ness- no focal point earthworks- the idea, not the work itself is the most important entropy- everything in the world tends to fall apart, erosion plurality- a variety of kinds/influences (simultaneous variety of artistic styles)
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