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BSU / Art / ART 100 / Who was the leader of the french revolution?

Who was the leader of the french revolution?

Who was the leader of the french revolution?

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AHS TEST 4 STUDY GUIDE


Who was the leader of the french revolution?



Ch. 16 African Art

Head of a Yoruba King (African)

-hollow; honoring their leaders

Yoruba Twin Figures (Ibeji) (African)

-twins much more common; matching souls; head larger than should  be

Attributed to Kojo Bonsu, Finial of a spokesperson’s staff (African) -holding an egg; what this person is saying is important and it has  consequences

Kente cloth (African)

-patterns handed down through families; men weave long thin strips  that are sewn together

work of El Anatsui

-influenced by Kente cloth; collected trash to make into cloth curtains Great Mosque of Djenné (or Jenné) (African)

-adobe; whole community comes to help re-mud until it was rebuilt Power Figure (Nkisi Nkonde), Kongo (African)


Who are the three warrior brothers represent roma side of the war?



-used to make promises; hammered in a nail to activate the power of  the figure

Bwa masks in performance (African)

-transition from adolescence to adulthood; irregular patterns

Terms

Lost-wax casting- pour molten metal into a mold Don't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between position and displacement?

Beading- obscures individuality of the king (one of many); shields from  the king’s power

Ch. 17 Neoclassicism, Romanticism, and Realism

Jean-Honore Fragonard The Swing (Rococo)

-celebrated the lives of the rich, man pushing girl on swing, looking up  her dress, Cupid statue to warn them about the consequences

David, Oath of the Horatii (Neoclassicism) We also discuss several other topics like Are the virtues of the rulers identical to the virtues of the subjects?

-three warrior brothers represent Roma side of the war; swearing  allegiance; father has swords; women in grief of the men leaving David. The Death of Marat. (Neoclassical)


Define earthworks.



-Marat was the leader of the French Revolution; killed in his bath;  imitating the position of Jesus in the Pieta

Jefferson, Monticello (Neoclassicism)

-symmetrical; columns; Greek style If you want to learn more check out The principle doesn’t apply to more than one victim. how does it help in mass killings?

Gericault, The Raft of the “Medusa” (Romanticism)

-15 survivors from a boat accident after drifting for 2 weeks; very  grotesque

Goya, Third of May, 1808 (Romanticism)

-massacre; people being shot for having guns; man in center in  crucifixion pose

Turner, Snowstorm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps (Romanticism) -shows the power of nature; sublime message; people are tiny at the  bottom

Cole, The Oxbow (Romanticism)

-manifest destiny; bring civilization to wilderness; counterbalance of  chaos v. peace

Terms:

Atmospheric perspective- toning colors to gray as the image perceives  to be further away from the foreground

The Enlightenment and its ideas- science and reason could light up the  minds of those who used them

The Sublime- experience in nature helps us be aware of our emotions Neoclassical style- severe, precisely drawn figures, appear in the  foreground

Genre scenes- ordinary people doing ordinary things

Ch. 18 The Art World; 1840-1910 We also discuss several other topics like What are the two strands of dna?

Realism

Courbet, A Burial at Ornans (Realism)

-father’s funeral; community is our salvation; skull near grave  (memento mori); everyone kind of reacting different; not picturing  redemption like past funeral paintings

Eakins, The Gross Clinic (Realism)

-surgery as a healing profession; using ether for anesthesia; just after  Civil War

Impressionism

Influences of the style

-Japanese prints; asymmetrical and flat (no shadows); photography;  able to take the train places to draw; tubes of paint

Monet, Boulevard des Capucines, Paris (Impressionism)

-people on their way to work; not specific organization; randomly  placed people; no social hierarchy

Monet, Impression, Sunrise. (Impressionism)

-very upsetting to many people; had their own unofficial exhibit; one of the first impressionist paintings

Cassatt, Mother and Child (Impressionism)

-informal poses; slight outline to all the figuresIf you want to learn more check out What are the structures of the foot?

Post-Impressionism

Cezanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire (Post-Impressionism)

-has solid form (cones, cylinders, spheres); like sides of crystals or  legos, no dabs of color

Seurat, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (Post Impressionism)

-little dots; based on a scientific color theory of how colors interact  next to each other

Van Gogh, The Starry Night (Post-Impressionism)

-impasto painting; used a ton of paint

Rodin, Burghers of Calais (Post-Impressionism)

-town councilmen were sent out of the city to be hanged instead of the  people in the town; everyone has different reactions; sculpture

Terms:

Daguerreotype- how pictures were taken

local color- the color we know something is

optical color- the color we see

“en plein air”- painting outside in one sitting

heightened color- exaggerated color, infused with emotion (Van Gogh) impasto- paint applied VERY thickly; cake frosting If you want to learn more check out What is the new hiv vaccine tested in south africa?

pointillism- visual color mixing, colors next to each other don’t look like their real colors

arts and crafts- lots was homemade (disagreed with the modern vision) art nouveau- lots in architecture (disagreed with the modern vision) photography- able to show ordinary people doing ordinary things

Ch. 19 Modern Art

Matisse, The Joy of Life (Expressionism)

-used emotional color; related to subject matter; led the way to  modernism

Kandinsky, Improvisation 28 (Second Version) (Expressionism) -complete abstraction; color can function without a specific subject  matter

Braque, Violin and Palette (Cubism)

-earthy colors; can see all sides of the figures

Picasso, Glass and a Bottle of Suze (Cubism)

-some real newspaper but some is painted newspaper

Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (Cubism)

-seductive poses; sharp and brittle edges of shapes; disrespectful to  women

Picasso, Guernica (Cubism)

-bombed by Nazis; originally about war and violence then named after  the town; corpses strewn about; bodies burning

Duchamp, Fountain (Dada)

-meticulous realism; joined together random objects; not about taste or judgment

Dali, The Persistence of Memory (Surrealism)

-making the hallucinations look believable

Piet Mondrian, Composition with Yellow, Red, and Blue, (International) 1927. -vertical and horizontal lines; simple geometric shapes; primary colors  and black/white

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye (Modernism)

-no obvious entryway; sliding partition doors; lots of glass; expensive  to heat and cool

Wright, Edgar Kaufman House (Fallingwater), Pennsylvania (American Scene) -built on the creek; plenty of free space; cantilevers had to be repaired Wood, American Gothic (American Scene)

-ordinary people/ordinary things; realistic/precise; farmer and daughter who stayed

Lawrence, Panel from The Migration Series (American Scene) -simplified figures; every scene is different

Terms:

Arbitrary (random) color- subjective for design, aesthetic, or emotional  reasons

emotional color- relates to the subject matter’s theme or content the Fauves- group of painters who used strong color to represent real  values

collage- to glue papers on a surface

“Readymades”- random objects stuck together (Duchamp) “the grid”- freedom inside a clear structure; clear hierarchy of  information (JCP ad)

expressionism- good art SHOULD be expressive

cubism- images fractured apart

dada and surrealism- artists turned away from logic and toward the  irrational

cantilever- layer of concrete to counterbalance

Ch. 20 Art Since 1945

Pollock, Autumn Rhythm (Abstract Expressionism)

-color thrown out; action painting; raw emotion; don’t have a subject  matter

Rothko, No. 61 (Rust and Blue) (Abstract Expressionism)

-the color WAS the subject matter

Rauchenberg, Canyon, (Abstract Expressionism)

-some melted wax; fount objects; made fun of some baroque painting

Warhol, Marilyn Diptych (Pop Art)

-fascinated with fame; died of complications from a gunshot wound Oldenburg, Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks (Pop Art) -sculpture; huge scale; relating to the war and the vanity of it

Smithson, Spiral Jetty, Great Salt Lake, Utah (Earthworks)

-in Utah; axis mundi (center of the world where the universe spins  around it); 10-20% salt; earth came from an old mine site; 1500 feet  long; covered in salt crystals

Chicago, The Dinner Party (Postmodern)

-feminist movement (triangle); 39 place settings for famous women in  history and in art

Ringgold, Tar Beach (Postmodern)

-family on the roof of apartment; painted onto a quilt; narrative;  simplicity

Paik, Electronic Superhighway: Continental U.S. (Postmodern) -behind the outlines of the states are TVs showing clips from his  recordings; time collage; modern video art (pre-digital)

Martin Puryear, Plenty’s Boast, 1994–1995. (Postmodern). 68" x 83" x 118”. -woodworking; basket weaving interspersed throughout all his work Gehry, Guggenheim Museum, Spain (Postmodern)

-titanium sheath; expands and contracts just a quickly as glass and  concrete

Terms:

Action painting- the linear quality shows the way the paint was applied, all-over-ness

Color Field painting- acrylic paint, all-over-ness

assemblages or combines

pluralism (think “mash-ups”)

all-over-ness- no focal point

earthworks- the idea, not the work itself is the most important entropy- everything in the world tends to fall apart, erosion plurality- a variety of kinds/influences (simultaneous variety of artistic  styles)

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