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HY104 Essay Outlines

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by: Jess Snider

HY104 Essay Outlines Hy 104

Jess Snider

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Four of the essay questions outlined for the final
American history after 1865
Kari frederickson
Study Guide
50 ?




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"You can bet I'll be grabbing Jess studyguide for finals. Couldn't have made it this week without your help!"
Antonio Purdy

Popular in American history after 1865

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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jess Snider on Monday May 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hy 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 535 views. For similar materials see American history after 1865 in Arts and Sciences at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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-Antonio Purdy


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Date Created: 05/02/16
The Cold War was America’s longest war, lasting over forty years.  Please write an essay in which you describe the origins and nature of the international Cold War.  What beliefs and doctrines directed American foreign policy at this time?  Please identify and describe three  specific examples of America’s Cold War policy in action during the period 1945­1970. I. Thesis: Cold War is a state of tension between countries in which each side adopts policies  designed to strengthen it and weaken the other by falling short by actual war. Following  World War II, the world became polarized in a cold war between two superpowers, the  United States and the Soviet Union.  II. Paragraph 1: Origin and Nature  Originated from postwar disagreements, conflicting ideologies and fears of expansionism  At both the Yalta Conference and Potsdam Conference, U.S. and Soviet leaders sharply  disagreed over the future of the post­war world III. Paragraph 2: Beliefs and Doctrines  Domino Theory   if one land in a region came under the influence of communism, then surrounding  countries would follow  The Truman Doctrine  Established that the United States would provide political, military and economic  assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal  authoritarian forces IV. America’s Cold War Policy  The Marshall Plan  American initiative to aid European economies after the end of WWII in order to  prevent the spread of Communism  National Security Act (1947)  Mandated a major reorganization of the foreign policy and military establishments of  the U.S. Government  Merged the War and Navy departments into NME headed by the secretary of  defense  Recognized the US Air Force as an independent service from the army  CIA emerged from this  Containment (1947)  Based on the writings and ideas of George F. Kennan  Suggested that the U.S. stifle communism influence in Eastern Europe & Asia  Establishing NATO so the Western European nations had defense against  communism V. Conclusion The year 1964 could arguably be identified as the height of Democratic Party liberalism.   Yet in the presidential election of 1968, the country experienced a conservative backlash.  Please write an essay in which you explain this dramatic turnaround.  Your essay should  examine the various forces and developments that made the 1968 election a turning point  in the history of this nation. Your essay should not only examine the major issues and  personalities of this election, but should reflect on how the direction of the country changed as a result. I. Thesis: The many events in 1968 helped to change the course of American history in many  important ways. Many altering nation altering events occurred, changing the direction of the  country. 1968 began an era of Americans distrusting the government, a new political party  taking over the White House, and heightened racial animosity. II. Paragraph 1: Tet Offensive  Made Americans fear that they would lose the wat  Week before, North Korean Navy seized U.S. intelligence ship  London withdrew from Suez Canal, leaving U.S. full responsibility of Middle East  Americans lose faith in American victory and anti­war protests reach new height  Less trusting of government III. Paragraph 2:  New Party in Charge  American Independent Party emerges with George Wallace Running  Assassination of Robert Kennedy ended hope for Democrats  Conservatives becomes more conservative in defense of Liberalism   Democratic party split  Left the election to the Republicans Nixon Elected  Nixon used the “Southern Strategy”  Republican Party became the party of whites, especially Southern and area away from the coast IV. Fight for Rights  White conservatives thought blacks had gone too far in quest for equality  Working class whites felt blacks weren’t respecting hard work  Assassination of MLK provoked riots racial animosity  V. Conclusion The Supreme Court’s decision in 1954 declaring segregation in public schools  unconstitutional lit the spark for the civil rights movement, yet it took another ten years to  achieve desegregation and voting rights legislation.   Why did it take so long, and what  factors were necessary for the movement to succeed?  In your essay, you should examine  the specific challenges and obstacles facing those who fought for civil  rights, as well as the  successful tactics employed by the activists.  You should not retell the narrative of the  movement. Where appropriate, your answer should incorporate several examples from  Anne Moody’s memoir, Coming of Age in Mississippi. I. Thesis: In 1954, Broad vs. the Board of Education declared that segregation in  public schools was unconstitutional which led to a spark for the civil rights  movement. Thought the spark was lit, it took almost ten years to achieve  desegregation and voting. The movement took so long to succeed due to all the  friction it got as it tried to move forward. It took a lot of effort and events to get the  movement to fully succeed. II. Paragraph 1: Waiting to Integrate a. Brown vs. Board of Education decision i. Did not require integration of schools to be done in a set time ii. Several years later the schools began to follow through 1. Southern states prohibited their citizens from participating III. Paragraph 2: NAACP a. Seems almost forbidden, African Americans hesitant to join i. Coming of Age in Mississippi example: Anne joins the NAACP while  during college, her mother protests it greatly 1. Local Sheriff even tells Anne’s mother that Anne should not attend NAACP events or it will mean trouble for her family IV. Paragraph 3: Factors to Success a. Broad vs. Board of Education i. Ruled segregation of public school’s illegal ii. Movement gained speed when Arkansas Gov. wouldn’t support the  integration, National Guard brought in to escort the students b. Rosa Parks and the Boycott i. Start of the organized large­scale boycott of the Montgomery bus system 1. Lasted for 381 days residents were granted equal access to bus  seats c. Rise of Organizing Committees i. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Anne Moody was 1. Coordinated sit­ins part of both; ii. Congress of Racial Equality participates in d. Emmet Till and Medgar Evers Woolworth’s lunch i. Emmett Till, 14 year old African­American counter sit-in visiting family in Mississippi was shot and lynched in Mississippi after  allegedly whistling at a white woman ii. Medgar Evers from the NAACP was murdered in Jackson, Mississippi 1. Both made national news, which increased the visibility of the  movement and helped gain support nationwide V. Conclusion:  The Civil Rights movement finally met success when they ended  segregation and won voting rights. It took ten years once the spark was lit for the  movement to earn its success, and it was easy to get there.  During World War II and the Cold War, Americans fought for democratic ideals while  also seeking security.  Sometimes the desire for security led American leaders to act in anti­ democratic ways.  Please write an essay in which examine the search for security in the  years 1941 to 1970.    I. Thesis:  During WWII and the Cold War, Americans were fighting for their democratic  ideas but they were also seeking security. Many Americans were fearful and paranoid  during this era in America. American leaders began the search for security, which  sometimes led them down an anti­democratic route.  American leaders implemented new  programs and policies during this time to help aid in the search of security. II. Paragraph 1:  Security Dilemma situation a. United States believed for hat the Soviet Union was systematically penetrating  areas vital to US security and was engaged in a grand design to become the  world’s dominant post­war power i. U.S. policy based on fear b. Russians took further defense measured towards the Americans, causing an  endless cycle III. Paragraph 2: National Security a. U.S. increased its stockpile of Atomic Bombs  b. National Security Act Established i. Enlarged the Defense Department 1. Designed to improve America’s war­making capability ii. Central Intelligence Agency established (CIA) 1. Gather intelligence on potential enemies of the U.S. and engage in  secret operations abroad iii. National Security Council created 1. Formed policies towards the Soviet Union, and its head, the  National Security Adviser, would be a key figure in any  presidential administration c. FBI created i. Set up camps in universities around the U.S. ii. Spying on students and faculty iii. Screened credentials for jobs and scholarship applicants iv. Sought students to report roommates as communist IV. Conclusion:  World War II and the Cold War caused a new era of Americans feeling  scared and paranoid. The government had to begin the search for security to help settle  American paranoia. A security dilemma arose and the government was in charge of  finding ways around it.


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