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Study Guide For Test #3

by: Nicholas Petrusevski

Study Guide For Test #3 FCNS 280

Nicholas Petrusevski
GPA 3.5

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Use these for exam 3!
MSTR Human Devel the Fam & Society
J. Elizabeth Miller PhD
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicholas Petrusevski on Tuesday May 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FCNS 280 at Northern Illinois University taught by J. Elizabeth Miller PhD in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see MSTR Human Devel the Fam & Society in Health Sciences at Northern Illinois University.

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Date Created: 05/03/16
Sunday, May 1, 2016 FCNS 280 Study Guide 3 (Adolescence Cognitive) - Piaget:Formal Operational Thought - hypothesize, speculate, fantasize, real vs. of thinking - Had limits: timing: later or never…not comprehensive don’t always think logically - Adolescent Egocentrism: belief that psychological experiences are unique - Personal fable: immune to laws of mortality, lives are heroic (limited operational thought) *most teens get their info. from friends, older siblings or their parents (Adolescence Psychosocial) Multiple Selves: -Possible Self: various ideas of who you think you might be or become -False Self (Representative): adopted behaviors to combat rejection or please theres 3 Types…. -acceptable false self -pleasing false self -experimental false self -Freud’s last stage: Genital Stage: genitals are focus of pleasurable sensations -young person seeks sexual stimulation -this stage lasts FOREVER Eriksson’s Stage: Identity vs. role confusion: try to figure out who they are -establish identities…or become confused..goal is identity achievement -Identity Foreclosure: premature identity formation…adolescent adopts parents’ and society’s roles values -identity diffusion: doesn’t know or care what their identity is (Not committed) 1 Sunday, May 1, 2016 -identity moratorium: “time out” to explore possible selves…college or military (Not committed) *James Marcia: Committed or not? (Culture) -Hispanic: highly conscious of prejudice against their culture -Asian: pressure for academic achievement -African girls: pressures to meet “white” standards of beauty -African boys: concerned about job discrimination and image (Bio-Early Adulthood) -characterized by full maturity, including height and sexual maturation -most declines are because of poor choices -Senescence: gradual physical decline related to age -ongoing throughout adulthood -includes: in appearance of wrinkles and graying of hair *women outlive men in all but one country (Namibia) Infertility: Women: failure to ovulate -drug abuse -underweight or obese -PID Men: varicose veins on testes + blocked genital ducts Treatment: surgery, medicine, IVF *1 in every 100 males dies violently (higher testosterone) *few young adults are satisfied with their present weight (Women lighter, men heavier) -Anorexia Nervosa: restrict food intake, fear of gaining weight, risk dying 2 Sunday, May 1, 2016 -Bulimia Nervosa: binge eating, purging, laxatives, damage to gastrointestinal system, at least half of college women (Early Adulthood-Cognitive) -time of cognitive change (thinking process) -Post Formal Thought: less abstract and less absolute, adapts better to lifee’s inconsistencies -realize one’s own perspective is only one of many potentially valid views -Piaget believed that cognition developed BEST in supportive environment *college influence has powerful influence on cognitive development -Adult Moral Reasoning: “true ethical” reasoning -Kohlberg: sustained responsibility for the welfare of others -Gilligan: males-rights and justice females-personal relationships -Dialectic Thinking: every idea bears within itself the opposite truth -Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis -many views can be valid, but some are better than others (Early Adulthood- Psychosocial) -Maslow: need for belonging and love -Freud: healthy adult is one who can love and work Erikson’s Intimacy vs. Isolation: -powerful drive to share one’s personal life with someone -two sources: close friendship and sexual partnerships -personal sacrifice, giving of oneself to others Friendships: -males: sharked activities and interests more likely to compete w/ friends -females: more intimate and emotional based on shared confidence 3 Sunday, May 1, 2016 *more than half the women in us. have cohabited -cohabitation in non-married adults is -less happy -less healthy -less satisfied *proportion of adults who are unmarried is higher than it has eve been (over 60% of young adults (20-30) are not married) *divorce rate 49% -12% of spouses domestic violence -1-3% use extreme measures -Common Couple Violence: mutual outbursts of yelling, insults, and attacks -Intimate Terrorism: Isolation and punishment (Middle Adulthood- Bio) -Primary aging: inevitable aging EX: wrinkling of skin -Secondary aging: environmental influences EX: skin caner -Mortality- death rate -Morbidity- disease rate -Disability: inability -Vitality: measure of health and energy -SES: well educated, financially secure people….live longer *osteoporosis and coronary heart disease experience by about half of all women *alcohol can be good -Obesity is leading cause of premature adult death, second is diabetes (Middle Adulthood)- Cognitive -Flynn Effect: trend toward increasing average IQ 4 Sunday, May 1, 2016 -Fluid Intelligence: learning quick, speed, declines with age -Crystallized intelligence: intellectual ability, increases with age Sternberg’s intelligence: -analytic intelligence: abstract planning, strategy selecting…logical skill -creative intelligence: involves the capacity to be intellectually flexible and innovative -practical intelligence: used in everyday problem solving (Kenya kid) -selective optimization w/ compensation: Paul and Margaret Baltes…. become proficient in activities they already do well -selective expert: someone who is notably more skilled and knowledgeable than the average person about activities that are personally meaningful to them *strategies crucial difference (Middle- Psych.) -Erikson: Generatvity vs. Stagnation: contributing to the next generation -mid-life is more satisfying for women -myth: middle-adults are burdened -parasite generation or swollen nest (Boomerang) -Inverted Bell Curve: honeymooners, young-adult parents, middle-adults -Familism: belief that family members should be close and supportive….non-white families -Neurotcism and extroversion down with age -Agreeableness and Conscientiousness go up with age -middle aged men become more emotionally expressive -middle aged women become more assertive and confident Grand-parenting: Remote: uninvolved Involved: day to day 5 Sunday, May 1, 2016 Companionate: increased spoiling Custodial: grandparents rating grandchildren without parents in household *people are retiring earlier -women and men become more like other sex: gender convergence (Late Adulthood) -Gerontology: study of aging -Geriatrics: medical specialty devoted to aging -Ageism: prejudice against older person EX: curfew laws -young-old: under 75 (largest) -Old-Old: over 75 some declines -Oldest-old: over 85, dependent on others for survival -wear and tear: body parts simply wear out -cellular mutations: cell instructions become imperfect -Programmed Senescence: cells can only divide a certain number of times in a lifetime PEOPLE WHO LIVE LONGER: -women who have never been pregnant -people with healthy weight -help of modern tech. (Late adulthood- Cognitive) -working memory: short term, temporarily stores info., process info. -difficulties in old age: distractions, multitasking, brain cannot handle too much -Explicit memory: recalling info. on demand, facts, definitions, concepts, consciously learned EX: birthdates -Implicit Memory: Habits, emotional responses, routine procedures, older adults are often better at Implicit then explicit -Dementia: “out of mind” severely impaired judgement, or problem-solving ability 6 Sunday, May 1, 2016 *Alzheimer’s is common form of Dementia (women at greater riskO *Strokes second most common type of dementia *Subcortical Dementia: Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease and MS (sub-cortex of brain) *reversible Dementia: caused by brain injury, brain tumor, stoke , overmedication undernourishment, or head injury…can be improved (Late Adulthood Psych.) -Eriksson’s Psychosocial Crisis: Integrity vs. Despair (unique experiences with their vision of community) -Integrity: ability to accept the facts of one’s life and face death without great fear -Despair: outcome when life’s events cannot be seen positively and the older person is faced with a degree of de-evaluation and perhaps hostility lead to frustration and regret -Social disengagement theory: since death is inevitable it is appropriate to disengage from personal and social contacts as one ages -Continuity theory: people are pretty much the same as they were when they were younger -Activity theory: disengagement in one role leads to development and reengagement into new roles -Social convoy: cohorts and friends maintain social circle for elderly …females have large social circles *4X as many widows as widowers *women in US live about 6 years longer than males 7


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