HIST 100 exam 2 study guide
HIST 100 exam 2 study guide HIST 100
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This 15 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mikaila Arao on Wednesday May 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 100 at Colorado State University taught by Kristin Heineman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization Pre Mod in History at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 05/04/16
05/03/2016 ▯ ▯ 100 years war between England and france power struggle over control of france in the end English remain en Joan of arc fought ▯ 95 thesis martin Luther wrote them 95 things wrong with catholic church German monk made the church irrelevant started reformation separates catholic church into catholic protestism ▯ Arianism Instead of being one they were separate ▯ Aztecs Hernandez Cortez Founded by Mexico ▯ Battle of Hastings Battle of Reconquest Fought in England Normands who are Vikings Took over England for France Reason for French and English 100 years war Ended with William the great being in control of England ▯ Bubonic plague Black death Wrath of god Jews and earthquakes releasing poisonous air ▯ Bloody Mary Daughter of henry 8 Throne Reestablish Catholicism Indication of violence of reformation ▯ Caravel Invented by Portuguese Bigger better ship used to explore ▯ Charlemagne Inherited empire Germanic king Solidifies spot on First holy roman empire Tried to Christianize it ▯ Charles the hammer Laid thee ground work for Carolingian empire Duke of Germany Stopped Muslim expansion ▯ Chivalry Behavior and ethical code of nobility Defend church, save damsel in distress, never refuse challenge ▯ Christopher Columbus Believed he could Didn’t discover America ▯ Classicism Greek and roman lit, art, history, architecture Large in renaissance ▯ Church of England Large during the reformation Split between catholic church and protestants ▯ Martel Began the Reconquista Pushing out of Spain ▯ Constantine Solidified east and west empire First Christian emperor Allows for the spread of Christianity ▯ Copernicus German polish astronomer Heavenly bodies Afraid church wouldn’t accept ideas ▯ Crusades Large scale military campaign from christens and Muslims Gain back Muslim control ▯ Ferdinand Magellan Portuguese explorer Explored Magelli First to circumnavigate the earth ▯ Confession One of the grievances of the 95 thesis Not found in the bible but is still talked about Part of catholic church Formal statement that someone’s wrongs are acts of sin ▯ Fief Manners Land that was passed down from the lords Apart of feudalism ▯ Flagellan People who hurt themselves for punishment from god from sin ▯ Discovered ruin Incans ▯ ▯ Frankish kingdom Germanic tribes that invaded Rome Inheritors of roman empire ▯ Galileo Better telescope Genius astronomer math and physics Discovered moons of Jupiter ▯ Geocentric Model of universe o Earth is in center Created by Ptolemy ▯ Gothic architecture England and France Pointy arches ▯ Great schism Contest between 2 or 3 people Within Catholicism 1300s pope moved to France person in Italy and France both wanted to be pope came out with 3 popes shows how horrible admin of catholic church were at the time leads into reformation ▯ Guilds Professional organizations Practice particular craft ▯ Incan empire Now in modern day Peru ▯ Heliocentric Sun is in center of solar system Copernicus Catholic church condemned the model Lead to arrest of Galileo Whole new way of thinking about the world ▯ Henry 8 King of England Split kingdom from catholic church when he couldn’t divorce his wife 6 wives ▯ Heresy Universe believes of the church ▯ Hernan cortex Aztecs thought the was coincicodle Local revolted and skilled the Spanish ▯ Humanism Value of individual Large during renaissance Heresies o Joan of arc cross dressing o Arianism ▯ Indulgence Money to buy way to heaven Donation to church Fueled the reformation Part of 95 thesis It funded Columbus exploration ▯ Isaac newton Part of scientific revolution Invented calc and gravity ▯ Islam Culture found by faith Religion of Muslims Created a giant empire that took over the roman empire ▯ Joan of arc French girl Heard voices of god to take over 100 yr war ▯ Joan Calvin Part of prostinean reformation ▯ Cabal Building in the center of Islam Most holy place of worship ▯ Leonardo Oil paintings ▯ Machiavelli Humanist Key figure in political science Wrote the prince ▯ Magna cart First time king were bound to laws Foundation for constitution ▯ Manner Fief Apartment or house Inherited land or estate ▯ Martin Luther German monk Wrote 95 thesis ▯ Michelangelo Painter architect Poet engineer Sculpted of David ▯ Middle passage Trade route ▯ Mongols Conquered everything Didn’t get to far into Europe Their khan died and had to go back ▯ Muhammad Founded as holy prophet Big part of why Islamic empire fell apart ▯ Papal Corruption Popes struggled wit power over Roman emperors Lead to great schism and reformation ▯ 95 thesis ▯ ▯ pagrams Jewish were getting blamed for plague because weren’t getting sick ▯ predestination predestined ▯ printing press standardized and secured invented by Gutenberg lead to circulation of books more literacy lead to reformation ▯ reforms of Diocletian seen as one of the last rays of light in the roman empire ▯ surf agricultural liberals ▯ tetrarchy split empire roman empire ▯ prince written by Machiavelli about politics and the negative side says politicians are better if the are assholes ▯ 3 field planting system four fields use 3 keep one fertile ▯ teif money to pay on a land or estate no money one could work or provide military service ▯ Transubstantiation change of substance bread and wine get transformed into body of Christ PROBABLY NOT ON EXAM ▯ triangular trade slave trade American Asia and Africa Africa brings slave to Europe Europe manufactured goods to Africa America gives goods to Europe ▯ Mutual agreement between renter and lord ▯ ▯ Vikings Germanic tribes From Scandinavia Large influence on language ▯ ▯ Vinland In north America Why Columbus didn’t discover America ▯ Visigoths Went into Rome ▯ William the conqueror First roman king In battle of Hastings o In England ▯ Fall of Rome Land was divided with to man successors #1 reason was from barbarian invasions turned into Visigoths, Frankish kingdom ▯ Byzantines Eastern roman empire ▯ ▯ Columbian exchange Exchange of goods Inventions, diseases, food Between old world and new world o Horses, cows, pigs, plague ▯ Middle ages inventions Spinning wheel, eye glasses, magnetic compass Came from old world to new world o Horses, cows, pigs, plague Came from new to old o Corn, sugar, ▯ Motivation for exploration Power Trade Spread of Christianity ▯ Islamic legacy Math, decimal and fractions Astrology, medicine Translation of Greek and roman writings ▯ Feudalism Decentralization of Rome lead to this Filled by Germanic people taking over land ▯ Babylonian captivity 7 popes in France o schism People in Italy were calling the popes in France o Taking captive of our papacy ▯ Rise of Christianity Constantine allowed for more liberty of expression believes ▯ Carolingian renaissance Scriptoria Increased production of books Place for wring ▯ University’s Students chose how much teachers get paid Increased law, art ▯ Guttenberg Invented Guttenberg wooden press ▯ Religious climate Reformations Challenging churches practices and traditions Very bad ▯ Columbus Tried to sail to India ▯ Henry the navigator Portuguese sailor First to explore Atlantic ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯
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