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African American study

by: Nguyen Notetaker

African American study AASP100

Nguyen Notetaker
GPA 4.0

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AAST 100 Final Exam Review
Intro to African Ameri Studies
Jonathan England
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nguyen Notetaker on Wednesday May 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to AASP100 at University of Maryland taught by Jonathan England in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Intro to African Ameri Studies in African American Studies at University of Maryland.

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Date Created: 05/04/16
AAST 100 Final Exam Review  Invisible Politics ­ Techniques used to enact public policy &  alleviate racial segregation, oppression, & discrimination ­ women's participation, strikes, demonstrations, boycotts,  marches, civil disobedience ­ Dominant form of political activity for Blacks prior to Voting  Rights Act of 1965 ?? Reparations ­ the idea that some form of compensatory payment  should be made to the descendants of Africans who had been  enslaved by the Slave Trade. ?? Scottsboro Case ­ one of the most infamous cases in legal  history ­ 9 Black boys accused of raping 2 white women on freight train ­ Charges were fraudulent ­ Received support of American Communist Party ­ Convictions set aside in 2 incidents but retried to be found  guilty ?? Womanism ­ Black women struggle for survival and liberation ­ Negative Relationship to system of white male rule ­ Black woman are discriminated for both race and sex ­ Believe liberation is necessary ­ Black solidarity instead of lesbianism separatism ?? Psychological Chains of Slavery ­ African Americans  destructive behavior is derived from slavery ­ One of the most destructive psychological consequences of  slavery was the loss of the African's distinct human identity  "competence as human beings" ?? Combabee River Collective ­ was a black feminist lesbian  organization active in Boston ­ Highlighted that the white feminist movement wasn't  addressing their particular needs.  ­Well known for the Combahee River Collective Statement. ?? Nigrescence ­ William Cross' theory of the process of becoming  black ?? Black nationalism ­ The separation or independence from the  European Society ?? Ten Point Program ­ is a set of guidelines to the Black Panther  Party's ideals and ways of operation ?? Langston Hughes ­ American poet, black activist, novelist,  playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri ?? Claude McKay ­ a poet and writer during the Harlem  Renaissance ­ famous for his "if we must die" poem ?? Cointelpro ­ was a series of covert, illegal, projects conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) aimed at surveilling, infiltrating, discrediting, and disrupting domestic  political organizations. ­ Activists targeted for surveillance to COINTELPRO ?? Mumia Abdul Jamal ­ Born Wesley Cook on April 24th, 1954 ­ At 15 served as Minister of Info of Black Panther Party,  President of Philadelphia Association of Black Journalists ­ Progressive writer, radio personality & leader of MOVE  movement ?? Cornel West ­ Professor at Princeton and Harvard ­ Wrote about theology, philosophy, and Marxist thought ­ Author of "Race Matters" "Democracy Matters" ­ firm believer of Nihilism ?? Sugar Hill Gang ­ Founded by Sylvia Robinson ­ Wrote "Rapper's Delight" (1979) which become hip­hop's first  hit and mainstreamed America's first exposure to rap music ?? Elijah Muhammad ­ was an African­American religious leader,  who led the Nation of Islam (NOI) from 1934 until his death in  1975 ?? Wealth Disparities ­ Median wealth of white households is 20 X  that of black households and 18 X that of Hispanic households ?? Nihilism ­ belief that life is meaningless rejection of moral  beliefs ?? Thurgood Marshall ­Studied at Lincoln and Howard ­NAACP staff ­1st AA appointed to Supreme Court ?? Dred Scott Case ­ Scott was born in South Hampton County ­ Litigator in one the most famous cases in 19th Century ­ Argued Slave status nullified when master took him to Illinois  and Wisconsin ­ Court ruled against b/c slaves were not legal citizens ?? Nation of Islam ­ is an Islamic religious movement founded in  Detroit, United States, by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July  4, 1930. ?? Million Man March ­ Louis Farrakhan organized the march ­ One of the largest public gatherings of African Americans in  U.S. history ­ Farrakhan talks about how males need to rethink their morals,  commitments, and goals ?? Colorism ­ prejudice or discrimination against individuals with a dark skin tone, typically among people of the same ethnic or  racial group. ?? PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY AND INSTIUTIONAL  RACISM DEBATE ­ Debate about the crisis of the  "criminalization of black youth" ­ young black males stereotyped as being antisocial, delinquent,  and potentially violent.  ­ Stereotypes effected the way young black males were treated  by society ­ Social conservatives (Bill Cosby) argued that the treatment  was a result of a AA not working hard, acting poorly, being  poorly educated, not effectively parenting, etc.  ­ Other African Americans (Michael Dyson) argued that young  black boys are discriminated against even when they work hard,  act right, are educated, and are efficiently parented ?? WOMANISM (Impact of Racism) ­ Sexual oppression day­to­ day is a factor ­ Racial politics & racism so pervasive that many black women  do not look more deeply into oppression specific to them. ­ Antiracist and antisexist was later joined by fights against  heterosexism and economic oppression. ?? HIP HOP ­ a style of music that has rhyming, creative beats and  rhythms ­ Sugar Hill Gang  "Rapper's Delight" (1979) Americas first exposure to Hip­Hop ­ Predominantly Black but Multicultural ­ Used to expressed one's self socially, economically, politically, and culturally ­ DJing, breakdancing, and grafiti ?? HARLEM RENAISSANCE ­between end of WWI and middle  1930s ­cultural, social, and artistic explosion in Harlem ­Harlem was cultural center, drawing black poets, writers,  artists, musicians, photographers, and scholars ­Showed A New Image of AA (The New Negro) ­Showed that AA had a rich & fulfilling lifestyle too ­Fought negative stereotypes & images ?? BLACK ARTS MOVEMENT ­ 1965­1975 ­ group of politically motivated black poets, artists, dramatists,  musicians, and writers who emerged in the wake of the Black  Power Movement.  ­ poet Imamu Amiri Baraka is widely considered to be the father of the Black Arts Movement Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording. Having trouble? Click here for help.  Using Quizlet Sign Up Help Mobile Students Teachers About Quizlet Company Press Jobs Privacy Terms Contact Study Everywhere! © 2016 Quizlet Inc. Follow @quizlet on  Twitter.


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