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KSU - ARCH 10001 - Understanding Architecture Final Review - Study

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KSU - ARCH 10001 - Understanding Architecture Final Review - Study

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background image Final Review for Understanding Architecture This includes all notes from every lecture this semester  Commodity, Function, Expression Humans build to satisfy 2 needs Function Garage needs to be big enough for a car Chairs need to be big enough to sit in Expression Express yourself Architecture is the unavoidable art Can’t avoid seeing buildings Completely unavoidable  Can avoid art you hate, but not architecture Power to effect and condition human behavior Attempt to make someone feel happy or sad Make someone feel in awe  Vitruvius  Roman architect (BC) Wrote 10 books of architecture  Said architecture is 3 things Firmness Cannot fall down, has to be constantly stable No rain through the roof Commodity Function properly Meet the needs of what it is built for Delight  Has to be beautiful Not architecture if it doesn’t have beauty Roof types Gable roof Stereotypical roof common Hip roof common Intersecting roof
background image Gambrel roof  Looks like a barn roof Mansard roof Butterfly roof Shed roof  Flat, slanted, slopes from door to back Common Trusses Lot of smaller pieces trying to do the job of bigger pieces Certain arrangements get a lot of strength from them Support the roof What do we have to worry about? Soil Shifting erosion Snow Heavy, need a more supportive roof Have to have a steeper roof so snow falls off Melting can lead to leaks  Rain Has to roll off roof and get away from the house Why buildings have overhangs Wind Tresses help fight wind Lateral- something coming from the side Commodity and Function Circulatory  Have to be able to move through the building Not being really choppy Symbolic Churches built in the shape of crosses
background image Firehouses have garage doors large enough for firetrucks Environmental Worry about heat from the sunlight Worry about cold air from wind Psychological   Physiological  Door has to be big enough to walk through  Appeal to the senses, sight being most powerful Making Space Physical Anything we can touch  Stage on the auditorium Perceived What we see, eyes can be deceiving Can make things look differently that they really are, bigger than they really are Conceptual Memory of space (minds eye) Nostalgia- in your mind it is something that the physical is not  Behavioral  Space, how much is comfortable  Varies between different cultures Mind Organizes Data Mind organizes data Proximity o How far away something is from you or another object Simplest o Four dots are a triangle  Largest  Continuity  o Patterns  Mind seeks order o Generally want order in our lives 
background image Crave information Seeks deviation o Want order and deviation in buildings  Proportion  o Everything needs to be proportional to each other o The golden ratio- perfect proportion 1 to 1.618 Scale o Proportion on a much higher level Rhythm  o Buildings need rhythm Qualities Rough texture o Indicates strength Smooth texture Color o Certain colors are tied to certain emotions o Hospitals are white to represent cleanliness o Warm colors heighten body functions o Cool colors lower body functions Ugly o Know it when you see it  o Quality that is confusing  Because the brain likes order o It is ambiguous and hard to find meaning in o Has absence of perceivable pattern  Week 3 Tuesday
The Renaissance 
1400's Decide that architects need to be trained to have a full education People like Michelangelo had art training so they had knowledge already Architects went from practicing craft to a learned discipline Started to study ancient architecture o From the Greeks and Romans Started to write about Roman and Greek architecture o So everybody could understand what architecture was about  1700-1800's No American architecture yet o No colleges or training for it yet Thomas Jefferson o Questioned what buildings in the capital should look like o Should not look religious because the US was built on the separation of church and state o Did not want Christian architecture o Went back to Greek and Roman architecture  Greek architecture is still standing, it is powerful Built of stone and granite to be made permanent  o Combined Greek and Roman together
background image Capital Building Columns are Greek Dome on top is Roman Ecole Des Beaux Arts o First prominent architect school o In Paris o Richard Morris Hunt & Benjamin Henry Latrouve First students of this school Helped in building of capital  Many flunked out due to its difficulty MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) o First architectural school in the United States Most architects want to shape society to how it should be  o Architecture is constantly pushing limits and trying to make a better  world o They may be wrong in what they do but they are constantly trying o Have to continually move forward Environment Not just about sustainable design Have to follow zoning laws and districts o Residential districts o School districts Have to think and care about to land you are building on  Not only does the building effect the environment but the environment  effects the building o Factor in snow, rain, hail, wind, natural disasters (earthquakes,  tornados, etc.)  o Materials expanding and contracting from wind o If rain gets inside cracks and freezes it can crack the building (Ex.  Brick) Use sustainable materials o Deforestation, keeping rainforests  Thursday An architect know something about everything. An engineer know everything about 
one thing.
Key Terms
Floor plan o Cut about 3 ft above the floor looking straight down on it o Horizontal view Reflected Ceiling plan o Looking straight up at the ceiling (lights, sprinkler systems, etc.) o Horizontal view Building elevation o If you look directly at the front of the building o No perspective just a straight on view o Vertical view o Can be very detailed or schematic  Every architectural drawing is based on these 3 things o Plan o Elevation

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School: Kent State University
Department: Architecture
Course: Understanding Architecture
Professor: David Hughes
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: understanding and Architecture
Name: Understanding Architecture Final Review
Description: Final Exam review contains all notes from every lecture this semester
Uploaded: 05/04/2016
29 Pages 137 Views 109 Unlocks
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