Music as a World Phenomenon: Unit 6- Study Guide
Music as a World Phenomenon: Unit 6- Study Guide Mus 22121
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Carla Notetaker on Wednesday May 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Andrew Shahriari in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 05/04/16
Music as a World Phenomenon -1 Unit 6: Study Guide Unit 6: Comprehensive Exam (Ch.1-13) Sites and music types Amazon- Amazon Indian Chant Sikuri- Peru Tango from Argentina Samba and Capoeira Mariachi- Mexico Cape Breton Fiddling- Canada Lined Hymn Shape Notes Bluegrass Spirituals (African- Americans) Gospel (African- Americans) Blues Salsa “ Nuyorican” Cajun Plains Chippewa Song Native American flute Ethnic Groups Shona ethnic group o From Zimbabwe Mbuti ethnic group o pygmy Zulu ethnic group o South Africa Music as a World Phenomenon -2 Unit 6: Study Guide Instrument Classifications Aerophone o air is vibrating (flutes, reeds, trumpets) Membranophne o stuck with hand, struck with a stick or other device, "rubbed" or "singing" membranes Idiophone o thing itself is vibrating (plucked, struck, or shaken) Lammellophone o idiophone with a tongue Vocabulary 4 Parts of Music o pitch, volume, duration, and quality Accent o something that is emphasized/stressed Aerophone o a vibrating column of air produces the sound Aural/Rote o using your ear to learn, not written notation, "oration tradition" Beat o the regular pulse of the music Chord o at least two notes played together Chordophone o vibrating strings are the source of sound production Classical Music Music as a World Phenomenon -3 Unit 6: Study Guide o orchestra, instrumental, non-synchapated, organized in movements, formality o music created in context of surplus wealth, years of practice Comparative Musicology o An early term for the field that became ethnomusicology, when research emphasized comparisons of folk and non-western music with western practices Conjunct o notes that are close together Consonant o sounds right together Cultural relativism o a research approach embraced by ethnomusicologists that encourages the acceptance of differing cultural perspectives Disjunct o notes that are far apart in range Dissonant o builds suspense, almost sounds sour Dynamics o how loud or soft a sound is Ensemble o a group Ethnocentrism o the culture you were raised in shapes your beliefs, "people-centric" o The unconscious assumption that one’s own cultural background is “normal” while that of others is “strange” or “exotic”. Ethnomusicology o the study of the relationship between culture and music o the scholarly study of any music within its contemporary cultural context Phases of Ethromusicological Research (4 basic phases) Music as a World Phenomenon -4 Unit 6: Study Guide o (1)Preparation Research and prepare by learning as much as possible, learn language, need recording equipment & knowledge to deal w/ both technical &social issues o (2)Field Work Few days to several years, the more you experience the more it is that you feel needs to be understood o (3)Analysis and (4)Disseminate Spreading info widely by technology, writing, etc. Folk Music o older, passed down, tells a story, acoustic, meaning "people," informal o music created & performed by people of modest means, requires less energy Folklore o The study of orally transmitted folk knowledge and culture Form o the "roadmap" of the musical piece Harmony o a supporting part to the melody Heightened Speech o Listeners from one culture misjudge sounds from another culture by assuming, from their own experience, that this or that performance is song. Heterophonic o different sound Hocket/Interlocking o two parts coming together to make a whole Homophonic o same sound Idiophone Music as a World Phenomenon -5 Unit 6: Study Guide o the instrument itself vibrates to produce the sound Improvisation o spontaneously making something up Interval o the distance between two notes Melismatic o multiple pitches per syllable Melody o a string of pitches, the most recognizable Membranophone o the source of sound production is a vibrating membrane Meter o the way the beats are organized Monophonic o one sound, one line of music Ornamentation o an embellishment of a melody Phrase o a segment of music that goes together Pitch o a frequency, a certain note/tone Polyphonic o multiple sounds Popular Music o changing, mass-market, current, repetition o widely disseminated by various types of media and supported by a broad base of relatively casual consumers; needs to appeal to a broad spectrum of the population to be success. Music as a World Phenomenon -6 Unit 6: Study Guide Range o the highest and lowest that occur Rhythm o the feeling of movement in time Scale o specific group of notes arranged in a particular order Semiotics o The study of signs and systems of signs, including in music. Song vs Piece o The music has words vs The music does not have words Syllabic Text Setting o one pitch per syllable Tempo o the speed of the music Text Setting o the relationship of words to melody Texture o light or dense, the amount of things happening Timbre o how something sounds, how you can tell instruments apart, specific characteristics that define a sound Traditional Music o beliefs and values, transmission World o transcendence, foreign cultures - isolates Questions _____, _____, and _____ are the three basic elements of Javanese gamelan performance. Music as a World Phenomenon -7 Unit 6: Study Guide o Principal melody, periodic punctuation, melody embellishment New Delhi is considered part of the _____ cultural region of India. o Northern or North or Hindustani _____, also described as texture, refers to the organizational relationship between or among musical sounds. o Phonic structure A smaller drum resonator I made from _____ o Coconut The pipa is a _____ from China common to the sizhu ensemble. o Pear- shaped plucked lute Sambda is a popular music associated with carnival in _____. o Brazil The “high lonesome sound” is associated with _____. o Bluegrass.
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