POSC100_Exam 2 POSC 100
Long Beach State
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Doris M on Thursday May 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POSC 100 at California State University Long Beach taught by Charles Mahoney in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Intro to American Government in Political Science at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 05/05/16
ELECTION OF THE PRESIDENT -‐the president viz electoral college, not popular vote POWER OF THE PRESIDENCY-‐powers have grown significantly because of the vague language of the constitution, the size of the executive branch inc, a military power that has also inc, the economy also inc 1. global perspective-‐since 1898 the US now has global power 2. industrialization-‐economic growth. global interests 3. vague language permitted expansion of presidential powers FUNCTIONS OF THE PRESIDENCY -‐5 different functions, head of state, political party, when the pr esident if receiving a foreign leader he is acting as the head of state 1. chief of state 2. domestic policy leader 3. chief executive 4. foreign policy and military leader 5. head of political party DEVELOPMENT OF PRESIDENTIAL POWERS -‐pres can act quickly on important matters w/o the approval of congress -‐veto unitary powers-‐executive orders, agreements, signing statements, presidential proclamations, national security, regulatory reviews -‐PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS-‐friction in congress, check and balances, congress and the president arent supposed to get along, the party of the president should be a majority of the opp of the congress, president can veto laws passed by congress, divided gov -‐COMMANDER AND CHIEF-‐president commander of armed forces -‐DEFENSIVE WAR-‐congress is supposed to declare war, now its president taking charge of the war, the framers wanted to president to be the leader in the defensive war -‐OFFENSIVE WAR-‐a war over seas, no threat to the country, congress was supposed to take charge -‐BUREAUCRACY-‐an organizational structure where there is division of labor and hierarchy structure -‐organized in a defined hierarchy -‐prestigious positions are made up of appointments discretion and do more than follow a se t of rules from the pres or congress -‐policymakers, not elected -‐PRIVATIZATION-‐in the executive branch there are private corporations that are taking charge instead of the gov -‐some executive duties done by private corporations -‐private sector can be more efficient than gov -‐oversight more difficult -‐private security services -‐CONGRESS-‐ -‐SENATE-‐6 yr terms, 1/3rd elected every other yr, state elections,can try the president for impeachment -‐HOUSE OF REP-‐ 2 yr terms, elected every other yr, district elections, can impeach the pres -‐REDISTRICTING-‐as long as district lines do not unduly disadvantage racial and ethnic groups, congressional districts can be drawn in any way legislatures choose -‐APPORTIONMENT-‐ -‐GERRYMANDERING-‐dominant state parties drawing districts that favor their partisan interests -‐BICAMERAL-‐a legislative branch with 2 govs, framers were worried that the congress would have too much power -‐SUPREME COURT 1 chief justice and 8 other judges, serve for life unless impeached and removed or retires -‐DIVIDED GOV-‐when the president is a democrat and the congress is republican, different parties from the president, and congress -‐DISSENTING OPINION-‐the opinion written by the minority in a decision, the reasoning behind their disagreement -‐MAJORITY OPINION -‐the majority of the court, the official winning side of the argument -‐CONCURRING OPINION-‐agrees with the majority but with different reasonings -‐4TH AMENDMENT-‐unlawful searches and seizures. needing a warrant upon probable cause -‐ELASTIC CLAUSE-‐necessary and proper clause, gives congress the power to make any laws necessary and proper, broad language
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