POSC100_Exam 5 POSC 100
Long Beach State
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Doris M on Thursday May 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POSC 100 at California State University Long Beach taught by Charles Mahoney in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to American Government in Political Science at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 05/05/16
Study Guide Foreign Policy Vs. Domestic Policy - Foreign Policy: most of the time it’s an anarchy, Pres and Executive Branch are dominant than in domestic policies, Constitution places responsibility for foreign/military affairs on the president, president is commander and chief of the army and chief diplomat, not as ma ny checks and balances Domestic Policy: Checks and balances on the President, domestic war vs. offensive war. Founding fathers wanted President to be the leader in a defensive war. In an offensive war (foreign wars no threat to the country) congress is su pposed to take charge. Anarchy - there’s no international law that can enforce laws or regulations, no sovereign government, can’t enforce laws over other countries, no police force Superpower - US dominates in Military, Economy, and Culture War Powers - Constitution makes the president commander in chief, but congress declares war. Senate can approve or reject treaty. ⅔ vote to approve. Division of Foreign Policy Powers in the Constitution - the executive branch has the power, the senate has the power to approve or reject treaties, ⅔ majority vote, senate and confirm or deny appointments for the president Military Power - Spends more on force, “hard power”. Economic Power - the US has the largest economy with GDP of $16.2 trillion, many powerful multinational companies in key sectors of the global economy are located in US. China is thought to surpass the US in the next 20 years, could ultimately start a Cold War. The defen se budget of the U.S. is more than the next 10 countries combined. global leaders in bio and info tech and computer hardware Cultural Power - “soft power” influence in world affairs that derives from the attractiveness to others of a nation’s culture, p roducts, and way of life ex. foreign exchange students who study in US, open society and freedom, english as a primary language around the world Spending on National Defense - the US spends more on military than the next 17 combined Unilateralism - not working through international organizations, carrying out foreign policy by itself, not going along with allies ex. Iraq War (2003-2011) Multilateralism - working through international institutions and allies to achieve objectives, believe that America’s interests are compatible with other countries ex. climate change and terrorism Terrorism - challenge to Am safety, weapons of mass destruction, large damages ex. September 11, 2001 Size of California Economy - largest economy than any other state, if it were a country, it would be 9th or 10th largest economy in the world. GDP of $2 trillion, agriculture and biotech, $100 billion exported annually Voting in California - Know aspects of demographics and who votes more regularly, how the population identifies itself in respect to political party • has 17.3 million registered voters out of a pool of 23.8 million eligible adults • there are 6.5 million adult residents, or 27% of eligible adults, who are not registered to vote • registered voters tend to be college educated, homeowners, and white, while those who are not registered are mostly not college educated, renters and non -whites • registered voters tend to be older and have higher incomes, while non -voters are younger and have lower incomes • currently, only about half of eligible adults register to vote as members of a major political party • the number of independents has grown by 85% since 2000, fro m 2 million to 3.7 trillion Political Parties in California - • no political party has an absolute majority in terms of registered voters in CA today • the electorate is 43% Democrat, 30% Republican, 21% independents, and 5% other • nonetheless, CA is solidly a “blue” state in presidential elections and is dominated by the democratic party at the state level • democratic presidential candidates and US Senate candidates have won every election in the state since 1992 • in the 2014 election, the democratic candidates won every statewide executive branch office • partisan divisions in CA are increasing, just as they are around the country Latinos, young people, and women voters in California - • Women: • much more likely to register as Democrats than Republicans (50% to 30%) • while 58% of democrats are women, republicans are evenly divided • female voters tend to be less affluent(wealthy) than male voters • women are more in favor of gun control than men • Latinos • Latinos are key group in success of democratic candidates in statewide elections, immigration is key issue for latino voters, latinos make up 40% of population, but only 20% are registered to vote, with 60% registered as Democrats, 14% as Republic ans and 22% as independents • Latinos are fairly divided between those who call themselves liberal -(36%), middle of the road (33%), and conservative (31%) • Young Voters • 27% of CA registered voters are ages 18 -34 • Democrats outpace Republicans by a 23 point margin, (45% -22%) among these younger voters • younger voters are more likely than older voters to favor legalization of MJ (58% to 40%) and same sex marriage Governor of California - Executive- Jerry Brown, served 4 terms as governor. 4 year term with limit of two terms. Must be at least 18 years old, U.S. Citizen, state resident for a minimum of 5 years **Know basic functions as Gov. • is commander in chief of CA national guard • can be removed from office via impeachment or recall • proposes legislation, can veto legislation, prepares the budget, appoints leaders of state departments and agencies Legislative Branch of California - BiCameral 1) CA STATE SENATE 2) CA STATE ASSEMBLY Major duty is to approve annual budget State Senate Members - 40 members, 4 year terms, and 2 term limit State Assembly - 80 members, 2 year terms, and 3 term limit ((Max 12 years??)) California Constitution - limits the power of the state legislature State: 80,000 words, hundreds of amendments Very specific Stipulates specific policies Changed through initiative process (Direct Democracy through the people) Is longer and more complicated than American constitutions Direct Democracy - requires that all citizens be able to meet regularly to debate and decide upon policies, impractical for large societies ex. Athens in 5th century BCE, Town meetings, CA initiative process Representative (Indirect) Democracy - system in which citizens select others to govern on their behalf ex. CA Senators Propositions, Initiatives, and Referendums - Propositions - term for any ballot measure to be voted on by the people, usually onto ballot by petition, Get enough signatures to qualify for the bal lot in a state as large as California can cost 1 to 2 million, may be a constitutional amendment or an ordinary statute 1. Write the measure 2. Submit to the Attorney General 3. Gather signatures 4. submit and verify signatures how to pass- more yes than no votes, courts can rule a proposition unconstitutional and repeal the law Initiatives - a new law or constitutional amendment proposed and voted on by the people, direct initiative process- a petition w/ the right amount of si gnatures qualifies for ballot, popular initiatives may qualify for ballot in CA than in any other state except Oregon Referendum - is a vote by the people to approve or reject an EXISTING LAW Can be triggered in one or two ways: 1. Legislative referendum: legislature can send a proposed bill directly to the people 2. Popular Referendum: The people can attempt to repeal a law even after it has been passed by legislature
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