I had to miss class because of a doctors appointment and these notes were a LIFESAVER
World history to 1500. Final exam study guide
Class; professor Joshua fan
By, omar B.
a. Indian ruler from 606-647 who forged most of northern india into an
empire, and became a devout Buddhist.
a. Seventeen century Chinese monk who made famous trip to India to
collect Buddhist texts.
3. Nalanda university
a. It was a large Buddhist monastery in the kingdom of Magadha. The complex vedic1 teachings inspired the construction of the university. The great traveler monk xuanzang wrote about his experience during
his time there.
4. Mahmud of Ghazni
a. Founder of the ghaznavid empire in what is now Afghanistan. First ruler
to be named “sultan”
a. Only female ruler of the Delhi caliphate in India.
6. Bakhti movement
a. Indian movement that attempted to transcend the differences between
Hinduism and Islam.
a. Mahayana Buddhist temple in the island of java, Indonesia. The temple contains hundreds of Buddha’s and is the largest of its kind on the world. Don't forget about the age old question of psy 107
8. Angkor wat
a. hindu temple complex built in the town of Angkor, Cambodia, in the twelfth century. One of the largest temple complex in the world.
9. king Clovis 509-511
1 Holy Indian texts.
a. first king of the franks and the founder of the Merovingian dynasty. He united all the Frankish people under one ruler and change the kingship system securing that his heirs would inhered the throne. His conversion to Christianity attracted several other converters and secured Christianity in the region that today is France.
10. battle of tours 732 We also discuss several other topics like 3 types of chemical bonds strongest to weakest
a. great battle between Charlemagne and Islamic forces in today’s France. This battle marked the end of Islamic expansion in Europe from the Iberian Peninsula. Some scholars agree that it preserved Christianity in Europe.
a. king of the franks and the holy roman emperor.
12. Abu al Abbas
a. founder of the Abbasid dynasty. 749-754. His dynasty, the Abbasid empire, would rule over Eastern Islam for 500 years. We also discuss several other topics like Where is the statue of emperor marcus aurelius located?
13. coronation of Charlemagne
a. Charlemagne was crowned in 800 by Pope Leo III. The coronation was of much debate since Charlemagne had to kneel to the pope to be crowned. Charlemagne believing he was a bigger figure than the pope, felt disrespected and never return to Rome (where he was given the crown)
a. group of peoples from Scandinavia. This people occupied what today is Denmark, Sweden, Finland and Norway. At first peasants, they became more violent as the Frankish started to expand their influence into Scandinavia and forcing people to convert to Christianity. They were sea-riders and were known for their violence.
15. serf and manor
a. lowest social class of feudal society. the serfdom were people who work for their lords in exchange for protection, and a plot of land. The serfdom would work in the roads, lands and forest of their lords. Serf and manor was a system of slavery.
16. St. Benedict
a. Italian monk who founded the Benedictine order. Holy patron of students and Europe in general. If you want to learn more check out schmitter and karl what democracy is and is not
17. William of rubruck Don't forget about the age old question of in a composition describes an attention grabbing aspect
a. Franciscan missionary and explorer. Rubruck was send on a mission to convert the Mongols to Christianity. The mongols did not convert but he was treated courteously and he wrote the most extensive account of Karakorum (the capital city of the mongoliam empire) that we have today. He formed part of the court of mongke khan for some time. If you want to learn more check out polynomial long division problem type 2
18. Temujin 1167-1227
a. Mongol conqueror who later took the name “chinggis khan” universal ruler. He was the founder of the Mongolian empire.
19. Ala ad-Din Muhammad II
a. Shah of the Khwarezmian Empire. he incited the Mongol invasion of his kingdom which resulted in its destruction.
a. third son of temujin and also Khan of the mongols. Under his rule the mongol empire greatly expanded. It is argue that if it wasn’t for his death in 1241, the mongols would have conquered the rest of Europe (they were already in Poland) he had given the order to expand the kingdom all the way to the Atlantic ocean, however, his death withdrawal the mongols from Europe. After his death, the mongols did not return to the border.
21.battle of ayn jalut 1260
a. southwestern most expansion of the Mongolian empire. the battle was fought in galilee and it was a decisive win for the Muslims. This was the first time a battle against the Mongols was won and it also halted the mongol expansion in the middle east.
22. Kublai “khubilai”
a. prominent mongol ruler in the 13th century and founder of the Yuan dynasty.
a. a Japanese term meaning “divine wind” that is related to the storms that destroyed Mongol invasion fleets when they tried to invade the island of japan.
24. pax mongolica
a. it describes the “relative” peace the Mongol conquest brought to the ancient world. is use often to describe the eased communication and commerce that preceded the Mongols conquest. 25. Otto first of Saxony I
A. he was the first roman emperor since Charlemagne. (Otto first statue below)
26. investiture controversy
a. conflict between different forces regarding secular authority. The conflict, between henry IV and pope Gregory VII dealt with the idea of appointing bishops. The controversy led to 50 years of war.
27. the crusades
a. a series of military expeditions by Christian powers between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries to conquer the holy land in Palestine from Muslim powers.
28. pope Urban II
A. pope from 1088-1099, most famous for inspiring the first crusade. 29. peoples crusade
a. predecessor to the first crusade. It was inspired by pope urban II and led by peter the hermit. The crusade composed of; peasants, woman and elders was a military fiasco, two thirds of the army never return to Europe and they failed in their plan to conquer the holy land.
30. forth crusade
a. Alexios IV offered military and monetary aid to the crusaders in return for their services to become the emperor of the byzantine empire. the crusaders were departing for the holy land but the lack of resources and man power forced them to stay in Constantinople. Soon after Alexious became emperor, he was overthrown leaving the crusaders with no payment for their services. The crusaders sacked Constantinople as a compensation for the money owed to them. Constantinople was destroyed and sack for invaluable amounts of goods. The forth crusade marked the decline of Byzantium.
a. eight-through eleventh century empire in west Africa that grew wealthy from the trans-Saharan trade.
a. Muslim geographer and historian who wrote several books about North Africa, Europe, and the Arabian Peninsula. He wrote “book of highways and kingdoms” which gives important information about the empire of Ghana and the trans-Saharan trade.
a. founder of the Mali empire (1230-1255), also the inspiration for the sundiata, an African literary and mythological work.
A. a member of a class of storytellers in west Africa who maintain a traditional oral history.
35. mansa musa
a. emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa who made a famous trip to Mecca.
a. east African city-state society that dominated the coast from Mogadishu to Kilwa and was active in trade.
37. great Zimbabwe
a. large sub-Saharan kingdom in the fifteenth century.
a. capital of ancient Ethiopian kingdom.
39. marco polo
a. was a Venetian merchant believed to have journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire. Marco polo became popular with the publication of a famous book about his travels in Asia “the travels of Marco polo”
40. ibn Battuta
a. a famous fourteenth century traveler and historian of Africa and Asia. 41. Zhu Yuanzhang
a. the first Ming emperor, who overthrew the Yuan dynasty in 1368. Later on Zhu Yuanzhang would change his name to “emperor Hongwu”
42. yongle emperor
a. Chinese Ming emperor (1403-1424) who pushed for foreign exploration and promoted cultural achievement as the yongle encyclopedia (the most extensive encyclopedia ever made until the 21st century)
43. Zheng he’s voyages
a. Chinese eunuch mariner who commanded the famous seven voyages from 1405 to 1433.
44. Treasure ship
a. large type of wooden ship in the fleet of admiral Zheng He ( no. #43) .