Final Exam Review
Final Exam Review ESS 104
UW - L
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Courtney Schmitz on Thursday May 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ESS 104 at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse taught by Kathy Gorman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCE at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse.
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Date Created: 05/05/16
Jazz Dance 1. From where did the syncopated rhythms of jazz music and eventually jazz dance originate? Africa (ex. Of cultural fusion) o Jazz music and jazz dance were born in America but of African parents 2. How are the jazz dance styles related to the social dance and popular music styles? Dance styles follow the popular music of the time 3. Jazz dance today is a blend of what 2 main movement sources? Theatre dance and folk dance 4. In what decade in the 1900’s did jazz dance begin? 1920s 5. In what decade in the 1900’s did jazz dance start to develop into a serious art form? 1940s 6. What part of the body is often emphasized in jazz dance? Hips/Pelvis, made popular by Elvis Presley 7. Who is considered to be the father of jazz dance? Jack Cole Tap Dance 1. From what other 2 dance forms did tap dance evolve? African and Irish 2. What is the main difference between Irish step dancing and tap dancing? Rigid, straight torso of Irish vs loose movements of tap 3. When and where was tap dancing first seen? Musical Theatre Dance 1. What styles of dance do you find in musical theatre dance? Any styles of dance can be used in musical theatre production Depends on plot/story, the location, the story 2. What types of entertainment preceded musical theatre? Minstrel shows (white men wore black face) Cake Walk 3. Why did white men perform in “blackface” in minstrel shows? Black men weren’t allowed on stage 4. Who choreographed “Oklahoma!”? Why was “Oklahoma!” considered a landmark production in musical theatre dance history? All of the dancing related to the plot by Anges DeMill First time seeing the dream ballet: mini ballet at the end of act 1 5. What musical theatre production choreographed by Jerome Robbins replaced much of the dialogue with dancing? West Side Story 6. What are some characteristics of Bob Fosse choreography? “Down and dirty”, most famous show is Chicago 7. What was the title of the production in which, for the first time, SOME of the dancing related to the plot? 1866 Black Crook 8. In the best musical theatre choreography, the movement becomes the story in body language Ethnic/Folk/Square Dance 1. What are the differences between ethnic and folk dance? Ethnic: usually religious/cultural, takes a skilled dancer to do Folk: Simple steps, anyone can pick up and learn it 2. What is the one truly American folk dance? Square dance 3. What dance was the forerunner to the square dance? quadril 4. What determines what type of costumes ethnic/folk dancers wear? The range of movement Climate and geography Clothes worn during time when dance was invented 5. According to the ethnic/folk dance video we watched in class, what type of people dance in circle formations and what type dance in straight line formations? Circle: Farmers Straight Line: Hunter/Gatherers 6. According to the same video, what are the 8 reasons people do ethnic and folk dance around the world? Dance of welcome To entertain For religious reasons To attract a mate To teach the history and customs When a child comes of age To tell a story To celebrate or glorify their daily work Ballroom/Social Dance 1. In what decade in the 1900’s did social dance change dramatically? The 1960s started to freestyle social dance Time of rebellion amongst America’s youth culture 2. In what centuries did the true origins of ballroom dance begin? 15th century 3. When did modern ballroom dance begin? 19th century 4. What was the first modern ballroom dance? Waltz 5.Why was the Waltz considered scandalous when it began? The two men and women were in closed, ballroom position. Too intimate for a non married couple 6. For what purposes is ballroom dance performed today? Competition Socialize 7. Ballroom dance is defined as movement in relationship. 8. What are the 2 divisions in competitive ballroom dance? What are the 5 dances in each? Standard Waltz Viennese Waltz Foxtrot Tango Quick step Latin Cha cha Samba Rumba Pasa doble Jive 9. Of all the dance forms we studied this semester, which one is the most popular form all over the world, in terms of the public’s participation in it? Ballroom and social dance Ballroom: men and women don’t have same role; man always leads Dance Education 1. How was dance viewed in 17th century Puritan New England (the northern colonies) as compared to the southern colonies of the U.S. at that time? Northern:most dancing was prohibited Southern: encouraged to dance 2. In what century did dance begin to be taught in American schools? The 19th 3. What were the 3 types of dance taught in American schools around the late 19th century? Delsartian system of exercise Aesthetic dance (ballet and ballroom) Gymnastic dance (gymnastic movement, folk, sport movement) 4. What university started the first dance major program in 1926? UW Madison 5. What are the 11 justifications for dance in education according to the National Dance Assoc.? *On D2L NEED TO KNOW* Dance in the Schools Elementary School Dance 6. What kinds of dance are taught in most American elementary schools today? Fundamental locomotor movement classes, rhythm games and activities, folk dance What type is lacking? o Creative dance/movement Why is there not better quality dance programs in our schools? o Left up to PE teacher, not comfortable or qualified to teach What is being done to help this? o Magnet elementary school that may specialize in the performing arts 2. Secondary School What types of dance are taught in most American high schools today? o Social/ballroom, folk dance, square dance What are the 3 innovative programs some school districts are trying to help promote dance education in high schools? o High school of performing arts, work with local university, urban arts program 3. What are the 4 steps that need to be taken if dance is to be used to its fullest as a significant educational experience? Strengthen dance in school curriculum Improve quality of dance instruction Get more boys involved in dance Develop community awareness and support of dance 6 possible dance careers are: Performance Education/Teacher Choreographer Dance Therapist Dance research/criticism Dance management (running a business)
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