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Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Juliane Notetaker

Exam 1 Study Guide Psy 3073

Juliane Notetaker
GPA 3.03

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About this Document

This study guide covers materials from chapters 1-3 in our textbook that will be on the exam.
Interpersonal Relations
Kimberly Brown
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Juliane Notetaker on Thursday May 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psy 3073 at Mississippi State University taught by Kimberly Brown in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Relations in Psychology (PSYC) at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 05/05/16
PSY 3073 Exam 1 Study Guide  Chapter 1: The Building Blocks of Relationships o The Nature of Intimacy  Intimate relationships have at least seven differences from other  relationships:  Knowledge (the personal information that partners have of each  other)  Interdependence (the influence that partners have on each other)  Caring (the love that partners feel for one another)  Trust (the treatment partners expect from each other)  Responsiveness (how supportive partners are to each other’s  needs)  Mutuality (how partners see themselves as a couple)  Commitment (the work partners put into their relationship) o The Need to Belong  “the drive to establish intimacy with others” is part of our nature as  humans (Miller, p.4).  Not many intimate relationships are needed to satisfy our need to belong  When this need is satisfied, we have many biological benefits:  Healthier, longer lives  Wounds heal more quickly  Better mental health o The Influence of Culture  In 1960, couples would have:  gotten married in their early twenties  likely not have lived together before marriage  not have a baby before marriage  wives would have not worked outside of the home  In the present day, couples will:  wait longer to get married  live with each other before marrying  have children even without being married  have wives that work outside the home  Sources of Change  Economics  Individualism  New technology  Modern communication  Sex ratio: count of the number of men for every 100 women in a  specific population o The Influence of Experience  Attachment styles:  Secure  Anxious  Avoidant  The four types of attachment styles are on page 16 in Table 1.1 o The Influence of Individual Differences  Sex differences: biological differences between men and women  Gender differences: social and psychological differences influenced by our culture  Personality: traits that influence one’s behavior  The Big Five Personality Traits o Agreeableness o Extraversion o Conscientiousness o Neuroticism o Openness to Experience  Self­Esteem: the evaluations individuals make of themselves o The Influence of Human Nature  Men and women deal with different reproductive dilemmas  Men deal with the issue of paternity uncertainty  Men and women have different preferences in partners depending on  whether they wish for a long­term relationship or a short­term relationship o The Influence of Interaction  Relationships are always changing and can be influenced by the trends of  the culture they are currently in. o The Dark Side of Relationships  Relationships can have many disadvantages:  Secrets can be used against one another  Loss of personal control  Fear that a partner can reject them  Chapter 2: Research Methods o Developing a Question  Questions emerge from:  Personal experience  Social problems  Previous research  Theories o Obtaining Participants  Convenience sample (readily available participants)  Representative sample (participants who resemble the population)  One problem from trying to obtain participants is the volunteer bias o Choosing a Design  Correlational designs  Positive (both events go up and down)  Negative (one event goes up, the other goes down)  Experimental designs  Experiments are the way to investigate connections between cause  and effect using an independent variable to manipulate a dependent variable o The Nature of Our Data  Self­reports: a way to study relationships that involves asking people  about their experiences with them  Self­reports can be: o Questionnaires o Verbal interviews o Unstructured diaries  Problems with self­reports are: o People might not be able answer correctly o Faulty memories o Social desirability bias  Observations  Method of gathering information by watching the test subject  directly  Chapter 3: Attraction o The Fundamental Basis of Attraction  We are drawn to people whose presence we enjoy o Proximity: Liking Those Near Us  Proximity often determines if we meet another to form relationships in the  first place  Proximity influences how familiar people will become with one another  A disadvantage of proximity is that we may notice more negative traits as  time passes  Another disadvantage is the fact that distance/separation can harm the  relationship  One can enjoy being with their partner if they are nearby o Physical Attractiveness: Liking Those Who Are Lovely  Physical attractiveness has a large influence on first impressions  Many characteristics can influence physical attractiveness  Hormones can affect if we see that someone is attractive to us or not  Our standards on what is considered attractive has changed over the years  Women who were attractive during the Renaissance would be  considered to be fat in the present day  People prefer to be in romantic relationships where the partner is just as  attractive as they are o Similarity: Liking Those Who Are Like Us  We are drawn to partners who have similar interests to us.  Opposites do not attract  The only time that being with an opposite partner may attract is  when they have traits that complement their own traits o Barriers: Liking Those We Cannot Have  The Romeo and Juliet effect: The more parents interfere with their  teenager’s relationships, the more they are in love with their forbidden  partner o What Do Men and Women Want?  Warmth and loyalty  Attractiveness and vitality  Status and resources


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