Study Guide: Final
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This 31 page Study Guide was uploaded by ChristopherMetallo on Friday May 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CNPH 24000-01 at Ithaca College taught by Rhonda Vanover in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views.
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Date Created: 05/06/16
History of Photography FINAL: Study Guide THINGS TO KNOW FINAL: Study Guide • Szarkowski -director of photo dept at MOMA -The Photographer’s eye - 1966 • “Photography should be made of the qualities that mad it so” • There was still a lot to know and see about photography that hadn’t been seen • book tells us why we make what we make and why it is important -1973 - From the Picture Press • Purpose - to use photographs from the archives to show the public that little known photographers work had the potential to be seen as art -1978: Mirrors and Windows: American Photography Since 1960 Purpose - to use photographs from 60s-70s to show the artists concern with self and the appearance of the • world • Described more of postwar survey than the intended -Looking at Photographs • the thing itself • the detail • time • vantage point • the frame • Showing importance to each of these 5 things in photographs - 1967 - New Documents: Radical use of photography to approach and engage the world • MOMA, 1967 • Daine Arbus -Arthur Fellig and was mentors - Family of merchants -Child with toy hand grenade in central park, 1962 • looks deranged because he is done posing for her -Photographs the arranged and challenged - Identical Twins, new jersey, 1967 • facial expressions are different • Look creepy • inspired a lot of ﬁlm directors -Photographing the ﬂaw, terror in image making • Garry Winograd -Street Photographer from the bronx -Known for his portrayal of american life and social issues -photos appeared in family of man -American Legion Convention, Texas, 1964 • Lots of veterans • no sympathy for guy without legs because everyone had been through it -Took a lot of pictures at the zoo, looking for connections between humans and animals Lee Friedlander • -American photographer -capturing urban landscape of 60’s and 70’s -Reﬂections and using things that reveal america - Inﬂuenced by roger frank and walker evans -New Orleans, 1968, GSP • Introducing a new generation of photographers - 1976 - Eggleston: Seen as a seminal photographic moment - Susan Sontag • writes about Arbus and Walt Whitman • To take a photograph is to assign importance to it • Idealized Landscape -Sublime and beautiful -Agreed upon beauty - Netﬂix: Through a Lens Darkly • Black people were misrepresented and the black subject became distorted • African Americans went to get their portraits done after the war, but were lynched for going against white supremacy • Photograph became a tool to document a community that was truly alive, well, smart, political Sweet Flypaper of Life • -concise work of black peoples life in a positive way • Using a camera to construct a community • What does photography do? -construct a community -gives you agency within a community -perpetuates and creates stereotypes -Develops identity -Represents groups of people -provokes emotional response -Inspires change -different perspectives - how we see ourselves and others -Photography has the ability to change everything SLIDE IDENTIFICA TION FINAL: Study Guide Robert Frank, Drugstore, 1955 -Photographs the way he sees america, photographing every demographic he can -Exploring territories he has never been in before -The ability of the photograph to resonate with the viewer -several portraits in one photograph James V an Der Zee, Couple in Raccoon Coats, 1932 •produced photos document Harlem's middle class in carefully composed images •Go to guy in Harlem to photograph weddings Photographing the dead/ funerals • - memorializes death - Photographs that announce death to those who couldn't be there •took pictures of elevated looking african americans •Theatrical studio •Photograph became a tool to document a community that was truly alive, well, smart, political Makes a difference who makes the • pictures Harry Callahan, Eleanor , 1947 -personal response to his own life -Encouraged his students to turn their cameras on their own lives -using heavy contrast -Experiments with photography W . Eugene Smith, US Marines with a W ounded Dying Infant, 1944 •Uncompromised in his ethical and professional photographic standards •people believed that his photographs were real and without alteration Robert Capa, Ed Regan, V eteran of Omaha Beach D-Day Landing, 1944 •Hungarian and moves to the US •Well known war Photographer •too part in documenting 5 different wars •forms a photo agency called Magnum •Decisive moment ou of focus and shaky because he was there during battle W eegee, Their First Murder , 1941 -Documenting street photography in lower manhattan -capturing victim and observer ‘captures murders’ -ﬂash gives ﬁnite details to the subjects -sensationalizes the photograph Roy DeCarava, Graduation, 1955 - The Sweet Flypaper of Life •concise work of black peoples life in a positive way - Photographs are dark, printing in the tonal range of the skin tones of subjects - 1st Black photographer to win a guggenheim fellowship - How much could be imagined in the shadows of a photograph - Using a camera to construct a community - What does photography do? •construct a community •gives you agency within a community •perpetuates and creates stereotypes •Develops identity •Represents groups of people •makes something timeless •provokes emotional response •Inspires change •different perspectives •how we see ourselves and others Minor White, Empty Head, 1962 -talked about how people viewed a photograph an how they understood it -He is the Guru of photography -Sequences into series to provoke a feeling state for the viewer -Aperture-1953 •promoted photography and good writing about photography Aaron Siskind, Jerome, Arizona, 1949 - Emotional, psychological, personal - Isolating - if it wasn't for sharpness it may resemble painting - Surrealism and abstraction become international visual languages, not only in advertising, but also for a younger generation of artists Garry Winogrand, American Legion Convention, 1964 -Street Photographer from the bronx -Known for his portrayal of american life and social issues -photos appeared in family of man -Lots of veterans -no sympathy for guy without legs because everyone had been through it Diane Arbus, Boy holding a T oy Hand Grenade, 1962 •photographing the ignored photographs in nudists camps, • psychiatric wards, streets •doesn't invite the viewer to identify with the people in her photographs, not rendering humanity as one •Fractured the unity of humanity •Rendering what she sees without sympathy •Viewer gets to look at weird people without feeling wrong about it •action against manners and good taste and a reaction against boredom •Others photographed marginalized people in an empathetic way Sally Mann, Naptime, 1989 -calls herself a southern gothic photographer -known for photographing her children -Analog photographer -Prints her own work Larry Sultan, Untitled, From his book Pictures from Home, 1984/85 -Pictures from home -Directing his parents to pose -Mom posing by Green Wall and Dad Watching TV, 1984 -mother is dressed well but father is ignoring it -wouldn't get the same effect if it was black and white Cindy Sherman, Untitled ﬁlm still, 1978 -shoots self portraits but dresses herself up as different people -reminiscent of ﬁlm noir -questioning women roles in those movies Hiroshi Sugimoto, Agean Sea, Pilion I -focus on the transcendence of life into death -using a large format camera Bill Owens, Untitled, 1972 -Suburbia -photographing everyday life of people after WWII, deﬁning suburbia through photograph Nan Golden, Nan and Brian in Bed, New Y ork City , 1983 -controversial - pictures of the transgender movement and drug use -took photos of an abusive relationship she was in and highly erotic photos Bernd/ Hilla Becher , Gas T ower off Pulaski Bridge, 1981 • focused on typology documenting series of architectural structures uninterrupted with simplicity Ralph Eugene Meatyard, Romance from Ambrose Bierce, 1962 -Romance from Ambrose Bierce, no3, 1962 -experimented with different aspects of photography -using natural light Jeff Wall, Dead T roops T alk, 1992 -best known for large scale photos that are backlit in the frame -I have been a witness, and these pictures are my testimony. The events recorded should not be forgotten -Posed photos that are creation or recreations of events Larry Burrows, At a First-Aid Center During Operation Prairie, 1966 -ﬁnds new perspectives to make ether viewer a part of Vietnam -color adds to the realism -Looks current -Television and news magazines show war without a buffer -They can see what is happening in Vietnam William Eggleston, Greenwood, Mississippi, 1970 -Guggenheim gave him a grant -increased recognition of color photography as a recognized art medium -Red room with lightbulb -Red can mean passion, anger, lust -Changing his vantage point Graciela Iturbide, W oman Angel, 1979 -focus on traditional life in a modern world -in traditional dress but holding a boombox -Juxtaposition of modern day and traditional things James Nachtwey , Rioters in Belfast, Northern Ireland, 1981 Catherine Opie, Chicken, 1991 -known for photographing speciﬁc communities of people -challenges the notion of identity -photographing movements, queer culture -referencing JudithButler’s notion that gender is a construction
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