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ANT 349 Final Exam Study Guide

by: Nia Gibson

ANT 349 Final Exam Study Guide ANT 349

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The end is here! remember to review the readings and lecture notes in addition to the study guides. Good Luck!
Archaeology at the Movies
C. DeCorse
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nia Gibson on Saturday May 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANT 349 at Syracuse University taught by C. DeCorse in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 96 views.

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Date Created: 05/07/16
ANT 349  Final Exam Study Guide 1. What are the different sub­disciplines of anthropology? What are the foci of each? There are four core subfields of anthropology plus applied anthropology. Biological  anthropology also referred to as physical anthropology is a branch of anthropology that deals  with humans as a biological species. It includes paleoanthropology human anatomy and  ethology. Linguistic anthropology is a branch of anthropology that studies how language  influence social life. It includes structural linguistics historical linguistics and morphology.  Archeology mainly deals with the study of artifacts often from ancient ruins. It includes  prehistoric archeology, study of artifacts, and historical archaeology. Cultural Anthropology also  known as Ethnology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation  among humans. It includes ecological anthropology, demographic anthropology, economic  anthropology, and social anthropology. Applied Anthropology is the use of anthropological data  from the other subfields. It includes forensic anthropology, cultural resource management, and  applies cultural anthropology. 2. One of the central themes of this course has been how researchers evaluate evidence. Discuss  the scientific method and scientific research. Anthropologists employ the scientific method; a system of logic used to evaluate data derived  from systematic observation. There are 2 ways of developing testable propositions: the inductive  method and the deductive method. In the inductive method, the scientific method makes  observations and collects data. In the inductive method researchers use the observations about  different variables to conduct a hypothesis about the data.The hypothesis is a major factor  because scientists tests one another hypothesis to confirm or refute them; if it is valid then it will  be woven together with other hypothesis to create a general theory. The deductive method of the  scientific method begins with a general theory from which testable hypothesis are formed. 3. Review the warning signs of “bad” archaeology discussed in class. Provide examples from the films viewed and class lectures. Using the “The Incredible Discovery of Noah’s Ark” as an example of bad archeology because it blatantly depicts all of the warning signs. Bad archaeology stems from 6 key factors. Lack of  peer review, for example claims pitched to the media and no review process. Limited or  anecdotal evidence. For example in “The Incredible Discovery of Noah’s Ark” there was never a clear photograph. Discovery being stifled by some difficulty. For example, in the documentary  they claimed to have ben isolated genius working secretly and could not get access to the site.  Lack of References; for example there was no discussion of legitimate sources or information.  Reliance on ancient knowledge. It was inconsistent with the flood, and theres no evidence for a  world wide flood. And then there’s intentional fraud. They reenacted the 1916 Russian  expedition. 4. Class lectures have dealt with popular portrayals of archaeologists in film and fiction (e.g.  absent minded professors, cowboys of science, male etc.). Use examples from the films we have  seen to illustrate some of these different fictional portrayals of archaeologists. How are these  fictional views different from the actual archaeologists of today? In films archaeologists are usually white males, non ethnic, University professors. Indiana Jones  and Tia Carre are examples of the quintessential archeologist. They are seen as cowboys of  science. Conversely, from fictional views, the reality of it all is quite different. Today there are  an increasing number of women in the field. It is actually a field that is 50/50 between men and  women, favoring the women in the discipline. Theres more female grade students than there are  males in the discipline. Archeology is also a changing profession; they were traditionally  professors but are now more museum curators, but majority now work in Cultural Research  Management (CRM). 5. What kinds of information were the Nazis seeking in places like Sweden, Finland and France,  and Bolivia? Discuss how was the evidence evaluated. Nazis were searching for information like Rock Art from Sweden and a supposed Nordic colony  founded a million years ago in Bolivia. They also looted airs and artifacts.  6. How did the Third Reich twist scientific knowledge to fit their own political agenda? Drawing on information from The Master Plan discusses specific examples. The Third Reich didn't care who’s feathers they ruffled. The kept an alert eye open for any  scientific evidence that might support  any of their beliefs against Jews. They also used extensive propaganda to spread their goals and ideas. 7. Discuss the origins and growth of Biblical Archaeology. How has the field evolved? Biblical Archaeology focused on places and events referred to in the historical test­ the bible.  The origins included early exploration and lost civilizations unmentioned in classical writings. It  also focused on spectacular sculptures and artifacts. 


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