ANT 349 Final Exam Study Guide
ANT 349 Final Exam Study Guide ANT 349
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nia Gibson on Saturday May 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANT 349 at Syracuse University taught by C. DeCorse in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 96 views.
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Date Created: 05/07/16
ANT 349 Final Exam Study Guide 1. What are the different subdisciplines of anthropology? What are the foci of each? There are four core subfields of anthropology plus applied anthropology. Biological anthropology also referred to as physical anthropology is a branch of anthropology that deals with humans as a biological species. It includes paleoanthropology human anatomy and ethology. Linguistic anthropology is a branch of anthropology that studies how language influence social life. It includes structural linguistics historical linguistics and morphology. Archeology mainly deals with the study of artifacts often from ancient ruins. It includes prehistoric archeology, study of artifacts, and historical archaeology. Cultural Anthropology also known as Ethnology is a branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation among humans. It includes ecological anthropology, demographic anthropology, economic anthropology, and social anthropology. Applied Anthropology is the use of anthropological data from the other subfields. It includes forensic anthropology, cultural resource management, and applies cultural anthropology. 2. One of the central themes of this course has been how researchers evaluate evidence. Discuss the scientific method and scientific research. Anthropologists employ the scientific method; a system of logic used to evaluate data derived from systematic observation. There are 2 ways of developing testable propositions: the inductive method and the deductive method. In the inductive method, the scientific method makes observations and collects data. In the inductive method researchers use the observations about different variables to conduct a hypothesis about the data.The hypothesis is a major factor because scientists tests one another hypothesis to confirm or refute them; if it is valid then it will be woven together with other hypothesis to create a general theory. The deductive method of the scientific method begins with a general theory from which testable hypothesis are formed. 3. Review the warning signs of “bad” archaeology discussed in class. Provide examples from the films viewed and class lectures. Using the “The Incredible Discovery of Noah’s Ark” as an example of bad archeology because it blatantly depicts all of the warning signs. Bad archaeology stems from 6 key factors. Lack of peer review, for example claims pitched to the media and no review process. Limited or anecdotal evidence. For example in “The Incredible Discovery of Noah’s Ark” there was never a clear photograph. Discovery being stifled by some difficulty. For example, in the documentary they claimed to have ben isolated genius working secretly and could not get access to the site. Lack of References; for example there was no discussion of legitimate sources or information. Reliance on ancient knowledge. It was inconsistent with the flood, and theres no evidence for a world wide flood. And then there’s intentional fraud. They reenacted the 1916 Russian expedition. 4. Class lectures have dealt with popular portrayals of archaeologists in film and fiction (e.g. absent minded professors, cowboys of science, male etc.). Use examples from the films we have seen to illustrate some of these different fictional portrayals of archaeologists. How are these fictional views different from the actual archaeologists of today? In films archaeologists are usually white males, non ethnic, University professors. Indiana Jones and Tia Carre are examples of the quintessential archeologist. They are seen as cowboys of science. Conversely, from fictional views, the reality of it all is quite different. Today there are an increasing number of women in the field. It is actually a field that is 50/50 between men and women, favoring the women in the discipline. Theres more female grade students than there are males in the discipline. Archeology is also a changing profession; they were traditionally professors but are now more museum curators, but majority now work in Cultural Research Management (CRM). 5. What kinds of information were the Nazis seeking in places like Sweden, Finland and France, and Bolivia? Discuss how was the evidence evaluated. Nazis were searching for information like Rock Art from Sweden and a supposed Nordic colony founded a million years ago in Bolivia. They also looted airs and artifacts. 6. How did the Third Reich twist scientific knowledge to fit their own political agenda? Drawing on information from The Master Plan discusses specific examples. The Third Reich didn't care who’s feathers they ruffled. The kept an alert eye open for any scientific evidence that might support any of their beliefs against Jews. They also used extensive propaganda to spread their goals and ideas. 7. Discuss the origins and growth of Biblical Archaeology. How has the field evolved? Biblical Archaeology focused on places and events referred to in the historical test the bible. The origins included early exploration and lost civilizations unmentioned in classical writings. It also focused on spectacular sculptures and artifacts.
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