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Final Exam Study Guide

by: Michaela Musselman

Final Exam Study Guide Pol 101

Michaela Musselman
GPA 3.35

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Study guide for final exam
Introduction to American National Government
Heather Ondercin
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Michaela Musselman on Saturday May 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Pol 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Heather Ondercin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Introduction to American National Government in Liberal Arts at University of Mississippi.


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Date Created: 05/07/16
Final Exam Study Guide Word to Know 1. Party Eras 2. Criminal law 3. Interest Groups 4. Standing Committees 5. Power of incumbency 6. Impeachment 7. Government interest groups 8. Party Realignments 9. Oversight 10. Neutral competence 11. Administrative Discretion 12. Power to persuade 13. Equal opportunity interest groups 14. Filibuster 15. Civil law 16. District Courts 17. Redistricting 18. Select Committee 19. Original jurisdiction 20. Iron Triangles 21. Party Identification 22. Racial gerrymandering 23. Lobbying o Direct lobbying o Indirect lobbying 24. Partisanship 25. Bureaucracy 26. Amicus curiae briefs 27. Appellate jurisdiction 28. Economic interest group 29. National Committee 30. Writs of certiorari 31. Going Public 32. Cloture 33. Rally Around the Flag 34. Partisan gerrymandering 35. Conference committee 36. Rule of Four 37. Public interest groups 38. Name recognition 39. Joint Committee 40. Polarization 41. Franking Privilege 42. Running Scared 43. Collective Action Problem Fill-in-the-Blank 1. _______________ make their own rules. 2. One function of an interest group is to __________________ _________________. 3. Single-member districts, winner-take-all describes ____________________ rules in the U.S. Party system. 4. By far, the most important aspect of shaping Congressmen’s votes is ______________________. 5. Another function of an interest group is to _______________ ____________________ and lower the cost of _____________________. 6. The three sides of political parties is party in the __________________, party as an _________________, and party in __________________. 7. The advantage of being on committees comes from their influence on _____________________ and to ________________ __________________. 8. The checks on bureaucracy are ___________________ ____________________, ________________, and ____________________ _________________. 9. Interest groups often offer selective benefits to paying members, such as _________________ benefits, _______________ benefits, and __________________ benefits. 10. There are ________ district courts in America. 11. An advantage of term limits would be that it ____________________ ___________________. 12. The American courts use ___________________ established in former court cases. 13. Two limits to checking the bureaucracy are _____________________ _______________ and ____________________. 14. The formal constitutional checks on Presidential power are the ________________ ____________ and ____________________. 15. The judicial system is based on ________________ ________________ in 49 out of 50 states. 16. The ________________ _______________ has 3 tiers. 17. People who identify with the party are party in the ____________________. 18. People who keep the party running are party as an _____________________. 19. Party in ________________ is elected officials. 20. The bureaucracy _________________ and ________________ policies. 21. Failure of the Articles of Confederation highlighted the need for a ___________________ ___________________. 22. The __________________ is the technical leader of the bureaucracy but he has _________________ secretaries and _________________ ____ _________________ below him who are appointed and have more intimate knowledge of the specific bureaucracies. Short Answer 1. What is the role of political parties? 2. What is the difference between interest groups and political parties? 3. What are the three options members of Congress face at each election? 4. What three things do third parties bring to the political system? 5. Describe the New Deal realignment and the Southern Realignment. 6. What are the implications of leadership in the House? Senate? 7. Describe the role of Speaker of the House and name the current Speaker of the House. 8. Congress has the power to do three things in their power to constitutionally check the president. What are they? 9. What is the second most important aspect of shaping a Congressman’s vote and why? 10. What is the main goal of the party as an organization? 11. Describe the power of presidential approval. 12. What are the roles of a traditional presidency? A modern presidency? 13. How does one receive the position of President Pro Tempore? 14. What are the implications of administrative discretions? 15. What contributes to the collective action problem? 16. What gives the impression of the federal bureaucracy growing? 17. What are the two checks on presidential power? 18. What gives incumbents an advantage over non-incumbents? 19. In the House and Senate, what are some things that shape debate and how? 20. What is the role of the President of the Senate? 21. What are the implications of political polarization? 22. What is the patronage or spoils system? 23. Describe the War Powers Act of 1973. 24. What makes up the independent judiciary we have in America? 25. Describe the Pendleton Act of 1883 and the Hatch Act of 1939. 26. What is the strategic behavior of non-incumbents at election for Congress? 27. What makes the Rules Committee so powerful? 28. What are the three parts of the U.S. Supreme Court system? 29. What are the four different types of agencies? a. Describe departments b. Describe Independent agencies c. Describe regulatory boards or commissions d. Describe government corporations 30. What does the majority leader in the House do? Majority Whips? Minority leader? 31. What are the three disadvantages of term limits for Congress? 32. What is bureaucratic culture? 33.What are the 3 goals of Congress, according to Richard Fenno; what is the one goal of Congress according to Richard Mayhew?


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