Medieval Art History, Final Exam - Study Guide
Medieval Art History, Final Exam - Study Guide ART 483, Art History
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kathryn Mason on Sunday May 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ART 483, Art History at Fort Hays State University taught by Erica Bittel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Medieval Art History in Art at Fort Hays State University.
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Date Created: 05/08/16
Medieval Art History Study Guide – FINAL EXAM Terms and Ideas: Carolingian Charlemagne – Charles the Great, from the Franks empire, initiated the Carolingian Renaissance Carolingian Renaissance – revival in politics, literature, and the arts Westwork – vertical extension of the narthrax; helps to balance out the church a little bit Abbey – Church associated with a monastery (where the monks live) Cloister – arcaded courtyard with a garden and well, links the living areas for the monks with the church itself; place for spiritual reflection Scriptorium – a place where illuminated manuscripts were produced Repoussé – shaped by hammering, a malleable (soft) metal, the reverse side to create a design in lowrelief Romanesque – “In the Roman manner”, rounded arches, everything made of stone; stone masonry, plain looking, compound piers, heavy, dark, smaller windows, radiating chapel, ambulatory Feudal System – the exchange of land for service; peasants worked for noble families Crusades – a series of military expeditions against Muslim power Pilgrimage – a journey to a sacred place to see relics Ambulatory – allows worshipers to walk around the alter but at the same time would protect the relics; surrounds the apse Relics – the venerated remains of saints or objects associated with saints Compound Piers – a solid masonry piers that support the nave that have attached half columns on either side Furta Sacra – Holy theft; proof of the relics identity th El Año Santo – Holy year; celebrated on when the Apostles Day (July 25 ) falls on a Sunday Portal – a characteristic entryway; came into existence and extensively used during the Romanesque period; you’re leaving the earthly world and into the spiritual world Tympanum – Semicircular space above the doorway, part of the portal; usually has sculptures “Throne of Wisdom” – Virgin enthroned holding the Christ Child, reference to Old Testament King Solomon who was known for his wisdom, frontal, rigid Chevron – inverted repeating Vshapes Groin Vault – intersecting barrel vaults, what gives it the cross shape Transverse Arch – slightly pointed arch displaces weight more effectively and allows you to go higher Gothic – “higher, lighter, thinner, brighter”, pointed arch, radiating chapel, ambulatory, light, spires, higher towers, larger windows, thinner columns, rose window, stain glass Abbot Sugar – institutes a reform of the church; bringing the heavens to Earth to create a spiritual experience by being lighter and brighter Lancet Window – typically resembles an arrow, colorful on the inside Rose Window – takes on a floral shape, always rounded, always above the entrance Flying Buttress – fully attached at the bottom, but extends up to the second level to help support the roof Image Identification: 5.2 Aachen, palace and chapel (Palace Chapel of Charlemagne) – ca. 792805 5.6 Plan for an ideal monastery (Abbey of Saint Gall) – ca. 817, never fully realized as a monestary 5.23 Christ on the Cross, cover of the Lindau Gospels – ca. 870880, Crucifixion with Angels and Mourning Figures, repoussé technique used 7.35 Bishop Bernward Doors from St. Michael’s Church, Hildesheim – ca. 1015, left side read from top to bottom (Book of Genesis), right side read from bottom to top (Life of Christ), marks the passage from sin all the way to salvation 8.1 Bayeux Tapestry – ca. 10661082, 20in in height x 230ft in length, meant to encircle the nave of the Bayeux cathedral, hand embroidered with linen and wool, similar to an illuminated manuscript 8.3 Storming of Dinant from the Bayeux Tapestry – ca. 10661082 8.27 The Last Judgment from the west portal of the Cathedral of SaintLazare, Gislebertus – ca. 11201140, Gislebertus (author), last judgment scene (describe), damned on Christ’s left, Christ, saved on Christ’s right, used on the portal to scare the worshipers to leave the world on sin and enter into the spiritual work, Christ centered, mandorala th 8.44 Nave of Durham Cathedral – early 12 century, Romanesque sculpture, starting to see the transverse arch, groin vault, moving from the late Romanesque period to the early gothic period 9.5 Abbey Church of St. Denis, exterior – ca. 11351140, spires, rose window 9.8 Abby Church of St. Denis, interior of choir, ambulatory ca. 11351140, gothic, taller, thinner, brighter, lighter, more open, columns are thinner, more windows so more light is coming in, stain glass windows 9.11 Tree of Jesse from the west façade of Chartres Cathedral – ca. 11341220, know Jesse’s body at the bottom of the tree, four kings of Judah, virgin Mary, Christ at top, doves (seven gifts of the Holy Spirit, prophets in the half moons 9.12 Chartres Cathedral, exterior, west façade – ca. 11341220, flying buttresses, towers, spires, rose window, lancet windows 9.13 Royal Portal from the west façade of Chartres Cathedral – ca. 11341220, ascension on left, Christ in majesty in middle, virgin and child on right, telling the royal blood line of Christ 10.11 Reims Cathedral, exterior, west façade – ca. 12111275 10.26 Annunciation and Visitation from the west portal, center doorway of Reims Cathedral – Annunciation on left, Gabriel visiting Mary telling her see will have the son of God (Mother of the Christ Child), Visitation on right, Mary visiting her cousin Elizabeth who is pregnant with John the Baptist, 1035 year difference when these two were made 10.45 SainteChapelle, interior of upper chapel – ca. 12391248, King Louis XI created this to be a reliquary, used it as a personal chapel, soring spaces, very bright and colorful (lots of stain glass), is a scared space to hold relics, iron from the sword that stabbed Christ, Crown of Thornes, spong soaked with wine, piece of the true cross *** (images not in text) Matthew the Evangelist from the Ebbo Gospels – ca. 816840, author portrait, man of matthew, divine inspiration, he’s very lively and writing his gospel, energy of the lines, go into detail Abbey Church of Sainte Foy – 11 12 century, Romanesque, compound piers, ambulatory, radiating chapels, barrel vaults, small windows, rounded arches, relatively dark, colorless, lots of stone, appears heavy, shorter than gothic cathedrals Reliquary Statue of Sainte Foy – late 9 to early 10 century, furta sacra, relic was her skull Cathedral of Saint James, Santiago de Compostela – ca. 1078=1122, pilgrimage church The Magi Asleep – ca.11201132, Gislebertus (author), viewing the magi from above Virgin and Child in Majesty – ca. 11501200, Throne of wisdom, reference to King Solomon, have
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