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sociology test exam study guide

by: Jonathan Notetaker

sociology test exam study guide Socio 211

Marketplace > Kansas State University > Sociology > Socio 211 > sociology test exam study guide
Jonathan Notetaker

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About this Document

Study guide for sociology final
Intro to Sociology
Spencer Wood
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jonathan Notetaker on Sunday May 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Socio 211 at Kansas State University taught by Spencer Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Kansas State University.


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Date Created: 05/08/16
Sociology 3-22-16 Sociology is the scientific study of social phenomena that exist and manifest through social relation between people shared knowledge their environments and structures. Any behavioral patterns that can be studied. Social reality is socially constructed. Social phenomena- are the processes behaviors and structures that are used for sociological inquiry. Social Relations- are best described as the interactions between people with other people, people and their products and people and their environments. Social interaction- is the process of exchange of symbols on which a common and agreed upon meaning is attached that are used as a guide for human behavior. Why is social interaction important? Social interaction is important to sociology because it is in these interactions that meaning is created and reified. The meanings produced through social interaction are the basis of culture and are where culture is created, maintained, reproduced and changed. George Herbert Mead -Paradigm- a conceptual framework for understanding a field of study. Symbolic Interaction- also a theory and a paradigm Theory- makes clear statements about relationships and delineates how processes are carried out. Preparatory stage- the child does certain things that others near her/him do without any understanding of what she/he is doing. Who is Jon Hoard? Manager, family man, ESPN, Catholic, trustworthy. Play Stage- discover roles for the first time and that different roles work for a common purpose. Formation of self begins here by providing children the opportunity to act back toward. This acting back is essentially the process of the child creating their own representation of the role. Important: Only the role of one other can be taken on at this stage. Game stage: at this stage a child is able to take on the roles of several others simultaneously. Development of self: This is how we develop a self. This is also how we come to learn cultural competency. The I- The self is the culmination of a social process within the individual between the I and the Me. The I is the impulsive tendency of the individual. It is the initial, spontaneous unorganized aspect of human experience. Thus it represents the undirected tendencies of the individual. The Me- represents the incorporated other within the individual. Comprises the generalized other and often some particular other. The Mind- Mind is present only at certain points in human behavior. It is present when significant symbols are being used by the individual. Perception is an activity that involves selective attention to certain aspects of a situation. Charles Horton Cooley- Looking glass self- explains how our conception of self-arises through considering our relationships to others. –Development of the looking glass self: 1.) how we think appear to others 2. How we think others judge us 3. How the first two make us feel-proud embarrassed or other feelings We want others to see us as we see ourselves so when others do not see us in the same way that we see ourselves we make adjustments in our behavior so that our appearance to others matches the appearance we want. Dramaturgy- Line- Pattern of verbal and nonverbal acts by which we express our view of the situation and through this our evaluation of the participants, especially ourselves. Face- The positive social value a person effectively claims for himself by the line others assume he has taken during a particular contact. 3-24-16 Face work- actions taken by a person to make whatever he is doing consistent with face. Impression management technique. Perceiving intent in actions. Threat can be towards one’s own face or to the face of others by others against their own face or by others against himself. Cooperative face work there are minor incidents in which the offender and the offended simultaneously attempt to initiate an apology. Noblesse Oblige- those of high status are expected to curb their power of embarrassing their lesser. Participants are obliged to cooperatively protect the face of others. Tact- Defense of own face as well as the face of others while also making it possible for others to engage in face-work for themselves. Ritual roles of self- sacred objects and subject to profanation. Assumptions of conflict theory Three assumptions 1. People have interests 2. Power is at the heart of social structure 3. Values and ideas are not necessarily sources of integration and identity but reflect some group’s interest. Labor relations- proletariat the workers vs bourgeoisie the owners of the means of production. This antagonism came to be known as class conflict. Alienation and species being- alienation is best explained as circumstances which deny a person the pursuit and expression of species being. Species being is defined as those uniquely human social life possible. Alienating work conditions- the division of labor up which of these jobs were based were alternating in several categories. Structural Functionalism- Function of Religion- Integrate members, regulate behavior, does this by providing them. Religion and rituals- set of practices which are produced at relatively regular intervals and which have as their function the strengthening of ties between the members of the collective and those things deemed sacred. Religion and the church- a society is equated to a church because they imagine the sacred and its relations with profane world in the same way and because they translate this common representation into identical practices. Religion and the clan- clan is identifiable via the collective’s totem What the function of religion looks like- It is thus the rituals which unify the collective focus their attention on the totem. The Function of the division of Labor- Mechanical solidarity is a society in which members of the collective are socialized into a common set of beliefs ideas, ideas, etc. Organic Solidarity is a society in which members see themselves as individual parts that serve a function. The function of suicide- The cause of suicide and the reason these rates vary across society find the origins in the level of integration and regulation of the members of various societies. Suicide is a product of integration and regulation of the members of various societies. Rates of suicide vary as a result of the various levels of integration and regulation across societies. The function of suicide- Egoistic suicide is a form of suicide that is committed due to a lack of reliance on or integration with others. Altruistic suicide occurs as the result of too great a state of integration in society. Fatalistic suicide is a form of suicide that results from too much societal regulation. Anomic suicide is a form that also relates to the degree by which the members of society are not properly regulated.


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