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Final Review

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by: Victoria Notetaker

Final Review BIOL 2311

Victoria Notetaker

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final review
Anatomy and Physiology II
Dr. Al Dahwi
Study Guide
50 ?




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"Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!"
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Victoria Notetaker on Sunday May 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 2311 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Al Dahwi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology II in Biology at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 05/08/16
Exam Date: 05-12-2016 FINAL CHAPTER 11 1. SECTION 11.1: THE NERVOUS SYSTEM RECIEVES, INTEGRATES, AND RESPONDS TO INFORMATION (PG 389) A. Key Terms: i. Nervous system ii. Sensory input iii. Integration iv. Motor output v. Central nervous system vi. Peripheral nervous system vii. Sensory/afferent division viii. Somatic sensory fibers ix. Visceral sensory fibers x. Motor/efferent division xi. Somatic nervous system xii. Voluntary nervous system xiii. Autonomic nervous system xiv. Involuntary nervous system xv. Sympathetic division xvi. Parasympathetic division 2. SECTION 11.2: NEUROGLIA SUPPORT AND MAINTAIN NEURONS (PG 391) A. Key Terms: i. Glial cells ii. Astrocytes iii. Microglial cells iv. Ependymal cells v. Oligodendrocytes vi. Satellite cells vii. Schwann cells B. Know which cells belong to which nervous system C. Know the functions of the cells 3. SECTION 11.3: NEURONS ARE THE STRUCTURAL UNITS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM (PG 392) A. EXCLUSIONS (DO NOT STUDY): i. Axonal Transport ii. Myelin sheath iii. Myelination in the PNS iv. Myelination in the CNS v. Structural classification of neurons B. Key Terms: i. Neurons ii. Neuron cell body iii. Perikaryon iv. Biosynthetic center v. Chromatophilic substance vi. Neurofibrils vii. Lipofuscin viii. Nuclei ix. Ganglia x. Processes xi. Tracts xii. Nerves xiii. Dendrites xiv. Receptive/input regions xv. Axon xvi. Axon hillock xvii. Nerve fiber xviii. Axon collaterals xix. Terminal branches xx. Conducting regions xxi. Axolemma xxii. Secretory region xxiii. Sensory/afferent neurons xxiv. Motor/efferent neurons xxv. Interneurons (association neurons) C. Know the characteristics of the neuron 2 D. Know the functions of neurons and their classifications 4. PAGE 398: ROLE OF MEMBRANE ION CHANNELS & GENERATING THE RESTING MEMBRANE POTENTIAL (DEFINITELY ON EXAM) A. Key Terms: i. Ion channels ii. Leakage/nongated channels iii. Chemically gated channels iv. Voltage-gated channels v. Mechanically gated channels vi. Concentration gradients vii. Electrical gradients viii. Electrochemical gradient ix. Resting membrane potential x. Polarized B. Know the processes taking place 5. PAGE 399: DIFFERENCES IN ION COMPOSITION & DIFFERENCES IN PLASMA MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY (DEFINITELY ON EXAM) A. Key Terms: i. Sodium potassium pump B. Know the differences in ions C. Know how the ions change the permeability 6. PAGE 401: CHANGE IN RESTING MEMBRANE POTENTIAL (DEFINITELY ON EXAM) 7. SECTION 11.5: GRADED POTENTIALS ARE BRIEF, SHORT- DISTANCE SIGNALS WITHIN A NEURON (PG 401) A. Refer to lecture notes instead of the musical chairs explanation B. Key Terms: 3 i. Graded potentials C. Know the process 8. SECTION 11.6 ACTION POTENTIALS ARE BRIEF, LONG- DISTANCE SIGNALS WITHIN A NEURON (PG 402) A. EXCEPT: Never fiber classifications- Ex. Group A, B, C (PG 409) B. Key Terms: i. Excitable membranes ii. Action potential iii. Nerve impulse iv. Resting state v. Depolarization vi. Threshold vii. Repolarization viii. Hyperpolarization ix. All-or-non phenomenon x. Propagated xi. Absolute refractory period xii. Relative refractory period xiii. Axon diameter xiv. Degree of myelination xv. Continuous conduction xvi. Saltatory conduction C. Know the process required for action potential D. Know how the difference in myelination and diameter effect speed 9. SECTION 11.7 SYNAPSES TRANSMIT SIGNALS BETWEEN NEURONS (PG 409) A. EXCEPT: Electrical synapses (PG 412-413) B. Key Terms: i. Synapse ii. Presynaptic neuron iii. Postsynaptic neuron iv. Axodendritic synapses v. Axosomatic synapses 4 vi. Chemical synapses vii. Synaptic vesicles viii. Synaptic cleft ix. Reuptake x. Degradation xi. Diffusion xii. Synaptic delay C. Know the process of a chemical synapse D. What are the most common type of synapses 10. SECTION 11.8: POSTSYNAPTIC POTENTIALS EXCITE OR INHIBIT THE RECEIVING NEURON (PG 414) A. ONLY to the End of Inhibitory synapses and IPSPs B. Key Terms: i. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) ii. Inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) 5


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