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Plsc 101 Exam 4 Study Guide

by: randomchic12

Plsc 101 Exam 4 Study Guide plsc 101

Marketplace > Louisiana Tech University > Plant Science > plsc 101 > Plsc 101 Exam 4 Study Guide
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This study guide covers the material that will be on exam four. The comprehensive portion of the final will also include information on seeds and nutrition so be sure to review those notes from pas...
plant science
Dr. Paul Jackson
Study Guide
plants, plant, Science, agronomy, food, crop, crops, Environment, soybean, soybeans, glycine, glycinemax, annual, shortdayplants, shortdayplant, nitrogen, soybeanroots, soybeanroot, soybeansroot, soybeansroots, soybeanvarieties, soybeanvariety, variety, varieties, varietiessoybean, varietiessoybeans, seed, Seeds, soybeanseeds, soybeanseed, soybeansseed, soybeansseeds, soybeanoil, soybeansoil, oil, oilsoybean, oilsoybeans, gossypium, gossypiumhirsutum, cotton, cottonlint, lint, lintcotten, cottonseeds, cottonseed, seedcotton, seedscotton, temperature, cottontemperature, temperaturecotton, cottontemp, temp, tempcotton, boll, bolls, cottonboll, cottonbolls, bollcotton, bollscotton, defoliant, cottondefoliant, defoliantcotton, bollweevil, weevil, weevilcotton, cottonweevil, cottonbollweevil, seeding, mycorrhizae, symbiotic, Relationship, symbioticrelationship, hyphae, fungal, fungalhyphae, ectomycorrhizae, endomycorrhizae, arbuscules, vesicles, endofungi, fungi, hypogeous, nonmycorrhizal, non-mycorrhizal, dampingoff, weeds, weed, nematode, nematodes, fusiform, rust, fusiformrust, foliar, blight, foliarblight, nutsedge, prostrate, spurge, prostatespurge, morningglory, lintcotton, loblolly, loblollypine, pine, pinus, taeda, pinustaeda, palustris, pinuspalustris, longleaf, longleafpine, echinata, pinusechinata, shortleaf, shortleafpine, elliottii, pinuselliottii, slash, slashpine, Macronutrients, macronutrient, Nutrient, nutrients, essentialnutrient, essentialnutrients, nutrientessential, micronutrient, micronutrients, phosphorous, potassium, Calcium, magnesium, sulfur, boron, chlorine, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, zinc, chlorosus, stunt, stunting, necrosis, mobilenutrient, mobilenutrients, immobilenutrient, immobilenutrients, radicle, hypocotly, cotyledon, epicotyl
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by randomchic12 on Sunday May 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to plsc 101 at Louisiana Tech University taught by Dr. Paul Jackson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see plant science in Plant Science at Louisiana Tech University.

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Date Created: 05/08/16
Plant Science Final Study online 1. What issoybean'sscientific name? Glycine max 19. used for: fabrics, money, carpet, and cotton lint 2. twine -native to China soybean -In 1800'sused for hay 20. used for: oils, meals, animal feed, Re- cotton seed -used for food in early 1900's seeding -most important legume crop 21. the average temperature for cotton is > 50 degrees -US #1 producer __________ 3. -haspinnately compound trifoliate soybean 22. cotton needs________ frost-free days 180-200 leaves 23. Cotton'srainfall rangesfrom ____________ 20 in, 75 in -single or multiple branching -Isan annual crop (min) and ___________ (max) for agood 4. distribution Soybeansfor legume flowersrange purple towhite, from ____________ yellow toblack 24. cotton needs________ weather sunny The seed color rangesfrom 25. consistent ____________ ofcloudsisno 50-60% _______________ good for cotton 5. soybean flowersform in _____________ leaf axis 26. perrennial plant cotton 6. Soybean isa_________ plant. It needs short day, less than -self-pollinated -photoperiod indeterminate (day- ____________ ofday length to flower. or equal to13.5 hours neutral) 7. 27. Cotton 1) white, 1 Soybean isa_________ and can grow N fixer on lower fertility soils Flowersare ___________ at opening and 8. pollinate in _____ day Soybean rootsmay reach _______ deep 6 feet 28. Cotton 2) closes, 9. N fixing nodulesbegin developing 10-14 days After that day, bloom ________ and turns pink/purplish __________ after germination and _________ continue developing throughout the 29. Cotton 3) boll (fiber fruit) life cycle From that point, itsa________ 10.An areacan have _________ varietiesof over 100 30. Cotton 4) 7-8 weeks soybean Start offlowering to mature boll= 11.Early frost can kill it before maturity north soybean ______________ -Determinate 31. Cotton seedsare planted ________ deep 1-2 in 12.May mature too early for good yields south soybean -Indeterminate 32. Number ofbollscoincideswith plant size, ____________ smaller, larger 13.soybean meal isused in __________ livestock feed -________ plant = fewer 14.Soybean isused for ____________ and human -________ plant= more ____________ consumption, 33. The seeding rate for cotton is________ 3-4 processing/crushing seedsper foot ofrow for oil and flour 34. Cotton rangesfrom __________________ 25,000 to50,000 15.contain: soybean seeds plants/acre 35-40% protein 35% carbs 35. Cotton isplanted in ____________________ March/April/May 20% oil 36. issprayed to remove leaves defoliant 16.-cooking oil, salad dressing, soybean oil 37. cotton ispicked asit ________ or stripped ripens margarine from stem -inks, paints, cosmetics, caulk 38. -lecithin in candiesand lubricants female layseggsin boll boll weevil -larvae then feed on the cotton lint 17. What iscotton'sscientific name? Gossypium hisutum 39. The Boll Weevil Eradication Commission increased yields 18.#1 fiber crop in the world cotton est. in 1992 resulted in and lower input upland grown in US ___________________________ costs 40.seedlingsregrown in soil from seed bareroot 53.Mycorrhizae filter, protect, (similar to other row crops) -can act asa_______ to intercept transferred, 41.seedlingsare grown in _______ cavitiesin container pollutantslike heavy metals(Lead, reducing Mercury, Arsenic) artificial media(peat mass-based) -can _______ the plant from stressors: 42.Seeding early spring frost and pathogens soil iscultivated and disked in _________ -can be __________ on the plant to the 43.Seeding fumigated garden and landscape -Helpsin ________ transplant shock from soilsare ___________ (drought, low nutrients, salinity, 44.Seeding raised beds unseasonable temperatures) After fumigation, ___________ are formed (4- 5 ft. wide) 54.Fungal tissue growsoutside ofthe root ectomycorrhizae and islinked to the root inter-cellularly 45.Seeding mid-april, (between cells) seedsare sown by drill method (0-25ft.2) in early may _________ to ________ -occurson about 5% ofplants -mostly conifersand oaks(woody 46.Seeding irrigation, 7-14 plants) After the seedsare sown, the soil glue and days -Ex: pines, beech, fir, spruce, poplar, pre-emergence herbicidesare applied. hickory, birch __________ iscritical for germination 55.How are seedling rootsinfected with airborne Germination time is_____________ Ecto in forest nurseries? 47.-Range ofsoil textures nursery soils, 56.Fungi penetrate into root cellsand endomycorrhizae -But most are >75% sand (well-drained 5-6 -Best pH for growth is_______ form: -Arbuscules(branched structures) -organic matter= 1-2% -Vesicles(swellings) Know site history Occur on about 90% ofvascular plants 48.Seedling nutrition 150-200 lbs, Invisible to naked eye a. fertilization increases, sitesbetween fungusand arbuscules -About _______ ofnitrogen applied per September plant growing season -DosesofN gradually _________ asseedlings organsfor the fungus vesicles get larger -can germinate and colonize other portionsofthe root -Seedlingsare hardened offheading into ___________ 59. Form on most: endomycorrhizae -Other nutrients -Treesand shrubs(boxwood, magnolia, 49.means" fungusroot" mycorrhizae dogwood, and hawthorn) -vegetables(cucumber, tomato, mutual beneficial relationship between the plant and root fungi eggplant, okra, corn, and beans) 50.In the mycorrhizae relationship, water, -flowers(rose, snapdragon, poinsettia, marigolds) the plant receivesenhanced uptake of nutrients, -cultivated grasses ________ and ________ (Mostly P) sugar The fungusreceives_________ (Food asC) 60.hypogeous endofungi 51. -fruiting body never seen above ground (fruiting body) Mycorrhizae 100-1000, web -Glomalesintraradicesisthe most -can increase root surface areaby , enzymes common agriculturally ___________ -makesan intricate ____ in and around 61.most endo fungi are in the fungal order glomales roots(Hartig net) _________ -drastic improvement in ability to reach 62.fungi that fruit underground (spores) hypogeous resources 63.Do not have an association non-mycorrhizal -release ________ into soil that helpsbreak down tightly bound nutrients(P, Fe, and -Ex: broccoli, blueberry, orchids, plants sedges, azalea, beet, collards, some N) cauliflower, and spinach 52.A thimbleful ofsoil can = many milesof fungal hyphae __________ (fungal body) 64. 82. Name 5 nursery pests damping off, fusiform rust, element or compound required nutrient foliar blight, weeds, and for plant growth and metabolism nematodes 83.isone whose absence preventsa essential nutrient 65.germinantsbuckle and die damping off plant from completing itslife (too wet) cycle 66.airborne spores fusiform rust 84.required in lesser amountsby micronutrients 67.flaresup in dreary, humid, foliar blight plants and foggy periods 85.list the micronutrients boron, chlorine, 68.Name 3 examplesofweeds nutsedge (yellow and purple), copper, iron, manganese, prostrate spurge, morningglory molybdenum, zinc 69.microscopic wormsthat nematodes 86.yellowing ofleavesfrom lack of chlorosis feed on seeding roots chlorophyll 70.the processofremove lifting 87.lack ofgrowth stunting seedlingsfrom nursery soil 88.death oftissue necrosis 71.Lifting season October- February 89. 72.What isthe #1 producing Texas move from older leavesto mobile nutrients younger leaves state for cotton? (30%) -Resultsin deficiency symptoms 73.What iscotton grown for? cotton lint (fiber), cotton seed in older leaves 74.____________ after lifting, cold, hot planting, 90.List the examplesofmobile nitrogen, phosphorous, -Seedlingscan be _____ growing season nutrients potassium stored in cooler -or sent directly for 91.Which mobile nutrient shows potassium chlorosisin older leaves? planting (________) 92. -Soilsare prepared for next cannot move from older leaves immobile nutrients __________ -Resultsin deficiency symptoms 75.Production cycle in tree 2-3, cover crop, re-fumigated in younger leaves seedlings 93.List the examplesofimmobile sulfur, calcium, iron -Fumigated ground used nutrients for _______ growing seasons 94.Which immobile nutrient shows iron -Then, placed in ________ or chlorosisin young leaves? fallow for aseason or two -Then, ______________ 95.part ofenzymes/amino nitrogen 76. acids/proteinsin plant tissue The scientific name of Pinus taeda -nucleic acidsaspart ofRNA and Loblolly pine DNA 77.The scientific name of Pinus palustris 96.ADP and ATP for transfer ofenergy phosphorous Longleafpine for growth and reproduction (i.e. 78.The scientific name of Pinus echinata photosynthesis) Shortleafpine -nucleic acidsaspart ofRNA and 79.The scientific name of Pinus elliottii DNA Slash pine 97.water movement and retention; potassium 80.required in larger amounts macronutrients xylem tissue -opening and closing ofstomata by plants 98.plant structure: cell walls, cell calcium 81.list the macronutrients nitrogen, phosphorous, membranes, and building new potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur cells 99.part ofthe chlorophyll molecule magnesium (photosynthesis) 100. protein marker; part ofthree important amino acids sulfur -used to make noduleson legume roots(N fixation) 101. helpsmake chlorophyll molecules iron -main micromolecule 102. embryonic root radicle -first to emerge from seed 103. embryonic stem; hypocotly means"below seed leaf" 104. seed leaf cotyledon 105. embryonic shoot; above cotyldons epicotyl


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