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UNT / Criminal Justice / CJUS 2600 / What is the definition of Marxit feminism?

What is the definition of Marxit feminism?

What is the definition of Marxit feminism?

Description

School: University of North Texas
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Diversity Issues
Professor: Andrekus dixon
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: final, review, exam, 3, diversity, and Issues
Cost: 50
Name: Completed Diversity Issues Review for Final
Description: Completed review for the final in Diversity Issues
Uploaded: 05/09/2016
3 Pages 5 Views 9 Unlocks
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***Make sure to study quizzes 4 and 5 along with the below information***


What is the definition of Marxit feminism?



Define Analogous Social Injury (Harm cause by acts or conditions that are  legal but produce consequences similar to those produced by illegal act. –  lawmaking is a political process where money and power matter, civil cases  are just monetary, corporations are the offenders.)

What is the current sentencing disparity for crack v. powder cocaine? (The  Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 did not eliminate the disparity but reduced the  100:1 disparity to 18:1)

What are the 3 approaches to gender equality according to feminism? (1.  The sameness perspective: equal treatment/gender neutral-vocational  education in prisons 2. the difference perspective: different treatment of  women and men- understand differences between sexes-women can bear  children 3. the dominance perspective: acknowledge that the power is not  the same of women and men-justice. Ex: sexual assault- knowing the person  and it being a stranger.)


What are safe haven laws?



Define Marxist feminism (concerned with the way the criminal justice system under capitalism serves the interests of the ruling class at the expense of the lower classes. They also view the oppression of women as an extension of  the oppression of the working class)

Define Socialist feminism (Women who have been oppressed of economic  status and class)

Define Radical feminism (Female victims of sexual assault and domestic  violence – abortion and reproduction technologies fall in this category; they  should be in charge of their decisions with their body)

Define Postmodern feminism (questions both the essentialism of other  feminists and the absolutism of truth; context in dominant construct –  skeptical and affirmative)

What is truth in sentencing? (federal laws broken by offender have to serve  85% of their sentence)

Do large fines deter corporations from future wrong doing? What does this  mean? (No. The fine they usually pay is way smaller compared to the money  lost. These punishments are actually petty)


What is plea bargain?



If you want to learn more check out What are the factors influencing the Consumer Decision Process?

What may be the difference in punishment between a rich victim and a poor  victim? (The case isn’t seriously prosecuted, they also do not sought to  avenge death. This tells the poor that they are expendable but their lives are not worth killing for)

How much more likely are blacks to serve prison time in their life compares  to whites? (5 times more likely to serve a sentence)

What is the ration of black males that are disenfranchised from voting? (1 in  8 African American males are affected in loss of voting)

What does the text say about the focus on racial pattern of wrongful  convictions? (There is more focus on innocence projects than on racial  pattern of wrongful convictions. Even though the focus should be the other  way around)

What are examples of negative prison experiences for women? (They are  separated from their families and especially their children, also they have  scarcity of resources: lack of work programs, vocational curriculum, and  health services, they also experience sexual harassment and abuse from  staff, and fewer distinctions or classifications of custody and security levels)  If you want to learn more check out Why was Shostakovich important?

What did the New York prison study find? (68% reported prior victimization  before the age 12)

Define the 5 rationales for punishment (1. Retribution: revenge-emotional,  paying somebody back, just deserts-punishment, death penalty-even  thought it does not deter homicide, people just want revenge, “eye for an  eye” 2. Deterrence: understanding that individual has something to lose from committing crime, a. specific: affects individual b. general: affects of  happening to somebody else and society 3. Rehabilitation: education,  treatments-substance abuse, anger management issues 4. Incapacitation:  locking people up, doesn’t exactly eliminate crime, makes the free society  safer a. collective: incarcerate regardless of prior criminal activity b.  selective: incarcerate based on prior criminal history 5. Retribution: victim  compensation programming, reintegration, restorative justice-native  americans)

What did Brown v. Palta do according to the text? (released 37,000 inmates  in order to bring the system down to 137.5% of capacity and remedy  conditions that the court found are causing “needless suffering and death”)

What are the 4 underlying factors for minority overrepresentation? (1.  Juvenile Justice System: dmc: disproportionate minority contact; law  enforcement focus on low income neighborhoods 2. Socio Economic  Conditions: low income jobs, when industrials jobs closed down people have  to find other kind of jobs 3. Educational System: lack of resources - funding,  teachers 4. Family “social environment”: most important, decision making  *these 4 factors become circular)

What are some examples for invisible punishments? (denied public housing,  student loans, lose right to vote, can’t get licenses for work, etc.)Don't forget about the age old question of What are the psychographic variables?

What did the CIA do in 1990, according to the text? (Sent one ton (907,000)  grams of cocaine into the US, which was sold on the streets)

What was the purpose of the Chinese Exclusionary Act of 1882? (did not let  Chinese people use opium in contrast to white people) Don't forget about the age old question of What does finance do?

What are Safe Haven Laws? (for individuals who have kids but do not want  the child and they give them to certain places (fire department) so they don’t have to go through the adoption process-it will not be a crime of neglect)

What are habitual offender laws? (enhancing prison terms for repeat felony  offenders/someone who keeps committing crime, they do not apply to  corporate entities.  If you want to learn more check out What are the 3 most common urban layouts and shapes?

What is the most common punishment for white collar crime? (5 to 10 year  sentences or those who plead, received fewer than 5)

Define initial appearance (process where person has been read their rights  and their charges)

Define Probable cause hearing (if convicted of a felony, this is where it is  determined if there is enough evidence for case and also a bail amount) If you want to learn more check out Post­ decision Dissonance refers to what?

What is a plea bargain? (an agreement in a criminal case between the  prosecutor and the defendant. It usually involves the defendant’s to plead  guilty so they can get a lesser or reduced sentence)

What were the results of the New Jersey Turnpike Study? (demonstrated  racial profiling: study of vehicles showed that African American motorists  with out of state plates accounted for fewer than 5% of the vehicles but 80%  of the stops. In Illinois Hispanics made up less than 8% of the populations  and took fewer than 3% of the personal vehicle trips, but they made up  approximately 30% of the motorists stopped for discretionary traffic  violations. Lastly in Maryland, 93.3% were violating traffic laws: 17.5 were  black, 74.7% were white, but 72.9% of the vehicles stopped were black.)

What happened in Yick Wo v. Hopkins (dealt with the equal protection  challenge that the first case did not deal with- saying that the stops made by the police were validated)

What are some examples as to why minorities are distrusting of police?  (History of excessive force, racial profiling, historical court –people rushed  through system –innocence project)

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