Exam Notes PSCI 1024
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lian Joseph on Sunday May 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 1024 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Charles Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Comparative Government and Politics in Political Science at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 05/08/16
2/4/16 Designing Government Constitutions o Define the fundamental rules of the state Reflects the fundamental values of a state o Reflect the consensus underlying the regime o Define the structures of government Articles of the constitution; congress, president, court; lay out how things work/function o Embody sovereignty of the whole community The real constitution of a state o “C” constitution as a document o Written constitution: “is not graven on tablets of marble or brass, but on the hearts of the citizen” Rousseau o Behind every written Constitution is an unwritten constitution What is Constitutional? Judicial Review o United States, Germany Sovereignty of parliament o United Kingdom Decision by the people o Switzerland Lots of referendum; fundamental matters having to do with the constitution; only changed by the people Strict or open? How do we manage to determine what is and what is not constitutional? Madisonian Democracy Tyranny of the minority/majority o Who gets to decide? Can a minority/majority become tyrannical? Control of factions Polarization Culture war? The center holds? Constitutional Restraints Separation of powers o Congress, Legislative, and President Ministerial Responsibility Federalism National and regional governments supreme in their own regions o Can be democratic (United States) and non democratic (Soviet Union) Regional government is not independent National government still sovereign o Federalism differs Varying powers at different times Varying powers in different countries Unitary Governments Delegated but not shared powers All ulitmate power remains with central government o Ex: Israeli government, British government (is a unitary government yet there are separate units within the country),
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