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WKU - SOCL 100 - Final Exam Study Guide - Study Guide

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WKU - SOCL 100 - Final Exam Study Guide - Study Guide

School: Western Kentucky University
Department: Sociology
Course: Introductory Sociology
Professor: James Kanan
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Final Exam Study Guide
Description: class notes for the final
Uploaded: 05/09/2016
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background image Marriage and Family •  Marriage: legal union based on mutual rights and obligations
•  Family: two or more people who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption
•  Household: people who occupy the same housing unit
•  The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) defined marriage for federal purposes as the union of one man and one woman, and allowed states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages granted under the laws of other states o  Was ruled unconstitutional •  Know meaning and examples of rules for mate selection: o  Endogamy: inside the group (similarities)
o  Exogamy: outside the group (family)
o  Hypergamy: marrying someone who holds a higher status (out of your
league) o  Homogamy: we tend to marry people who are similar to us (location) §   Propinquity: social nearness o  Matching hypothesis: physical attractiveness categories
o  Exchange theory: maximize personal benefits; notable rise in “earning
potential” for both men and women •  We follow homogamy rules because we like people who are similar to us (physical attractiveness, social class, location, etc.) •  Patterns in intermarriage: 24% of black males and 9% of black females married non-blacks, 17% of Asian males and 36% of Asian females married outside their group, white and Hispanics didn’t vary by gender •  4 years ago in the US: 15% of marriages of different races or ethnicities, 85% of marriages of same race or ethnicities •  Married couples: o  Enjoy a higher standard of living relative to unmarried people
o  Report higher levels of well-being and life satisfaction
§   Healthier lives o  Report more frequent and fulfilling sexual activity •  Children in two-parent households o  Enjoy higher standard of living
o  Tend to perform better in school than children from single-parent
households •  Perspectives on Marriage and Family o  Functionalism: the reason for families and marriage in society §   Reproduction: viewed as the “good life” §   Socialization of children §   Economic security/protection
background image §   Sexual regulation and the norm of “illegitimacy” o  Conflict theory §   Family transmits inequality across generations §   Gendered roles reinforced within families o  Symbolic interactionism §   Investigate meaning of roles, changing relationships, etc. •  Remaining single: history of coverture laws (married women not distinct from husband), change in perspective “right” replaces “best” o  Over half of American adults are unmarried (51%) •  Men view cohabitation as a way to prolong marriage, it is a compromise
•  Women view cohabitation as the next step before marriage
•  Most cohabitation decisions occur through processes of “sliding, not declining”- cheap, convenient, quick decision o  The getting in is easy, exiting is much harder- “consumer lock in”
o  Getting a consumer to only use your product
•  The divorce rate for those who cohabit before marriage: 50%
•  Divorce rate: 3.6/1000 people
•  Marriage rate: 6.8/1000 people
•  41% of all US births to unmarried women o  1/3 whites, 1/2 Latinos, 3/4 blacks •  The divorce rate trend has been decreasing for the past 20 years •  Factors associated with higher/lower divorce rates: o  Greater tolerance
o  Ease: no fault divorce (don’t want to be married anymore) vs
covenant marriage (explain to state the reason for not wanting to be married) o  Increased social and economic independence of women •  Divorce rates increased so much in the 1970s and 80s because people got married right before the war, very spur of the moment. And when they got back they realized that wasn’t a very good idea Health and Healthcare •  Health: the extent of a person’s physical, mental, and social well-being •  Health and socioeconomic status (SES) o  Social status and health relationship is consistent found across time and place, higher status means better health

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School: Western Kentucky University
Department: Sociology
Course: Introductory Sociology
Professor: James Kanan
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Final Exam Study Guide
Description: class notes for the final
Uploaded: 05/09/2016
5 Pages 72 Views 57 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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