New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Vocabulary for the Final

by: Julia Taboh

Vocabulary for the Final HIST 1378

Marketplace > University of Houston > History > HIST 1378 > Vocabulary for the Final
Julia Taboh
GPA 2.73

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Vocabulary and significance for chapters 28 - 31
The U.S. Since 1877
Professor Matthew Clavin
Study Guide
History1378, HIST1378, finalreview, Studyguide
50 ?




Popular in The U.S. Since 1877

Popular in History

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Julia Taboh on Monday May 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1378 at University of Houston taught by Professor Matthew Clavin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see The U.S. Since 1877 in History at University of Houston.


Reviews for Vocabulary for the Final


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 05/09/16
Finals Vocab Chapter 28  G.I. Bill (Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944)  16.1 million men fought in WW2  Bill was government issued  Was considered one of the federal government’s most successful public service programs  Soldiers who served in the war received either free or reduced tuition   Schools became much more diverse, ethnically and economically  Prior to WWII, only the idle class kids could afford to go to college; after WWII,  working class kids could go to school  Govt. gave soldiers homes in good neighborhoods  Govt. gave veterans business loans, training, etc.  Govt. payed for other job training  Significance  Bill led to a fast growing middle class  Govt. played a significant role in the rise of America’s middle class  Brown v Board of Education (1954)  *Mention Plessy v. Ferguson*  1896: supreme court ruled Jim Crow laws constitutional; separate but equal  Estimated less than 1% of black southerners attended school with white children in the  early 1950s  Black people couldn’t go into restaurants, hotels, vote, or serve on a jury  Literacy clause  Topeka, Kansas  Oliver brown and some neighbors went to court  They lived near an affluent white school but attended a crappy black school  They lost every case in Kansas, and the Supreme Court accepted the case  The court ruled in favor of Brown and neighbors  White parents were terrified of their children being in interracial relationships  The Supreme Court ruled unanimously in favor of Brown  Case outlawed Jim Crow segregation  Separate but equal was “inherently unequal”; repealed Plessy v. Ferguson  Significance  Most southern schools were not fully integrated until the 1989s  The federal government switched sides again; it no longer supported white supremacy,  segregation, and Jim Crow  Helped launch the Civil Rights Movement  Gave the go ahead for Civil Rights protestors; the govt. was on their side  Confederate flag was seen as a symbol of resistance to the federal govt. and integration  Little Rock Arkansas (1957)  Central High School was an all­white school in 1957  Rumors were circulating that nine black kids were going to be enrolled in the school, and  white mobs began to form  The governor Orval Faubus called in the Arkansas Coast Guard to keep the nine students  from entering the school on the first day  When school opens, the Little Rock Nine showed up; mobs started cursing at them and  spitting on them  The students are unable to go in, and have to go home; the whole incident is televised  President Eisenhower received a lot of pressure to do something about the situation; he  went on TV and told white Arkansas that the school WILL be integrated  He sent thousands of armed troops to the south to protect the nine students; he also took  control of the Arkansas coast guard and told them to protect the Little Rock Nine  By the end of September, the Little Rock Nine were enrolled and allowed to attend  classes  Significance  Showed that the Supreme court could pass laws, but not enforce them  President and army were in favor of integration  It was the first federal intervention in the south in years  Led to greater white resistance Chapter 29 th  16  Street Baptist Church  Was the headquarter of the Birmingham Civil Rights struggle  Was seen a symbol of progress  Sept. 1963: four members of the KKK snuck into the basement of the church and planted  timed sticks of dynamite  Dynamite exploded at the peak of the service  Many people were injured, and four little girls were killed  KKK members were arrested and tried, and were found not guilty  Activists began to embrace violent resistance  Significance  Black power movement started to gain inherence; Black empowerment  Nation of Islam was formed; its most famous preacher was Malcom X; it was a black  supremacist party; believed white people were devils, and believed in self defense  Black Panther party was formed in California  Many black Americans began to question the non­violent movement  Led to the most significant piece of Civil Rights legislation since the reconstruction  Gulf of Tonkin Resolution  American advisers made sure that only people who were pro­America were put in power; the Vietnamese only voted for those who were anti­American  By the mid­1960s, advisors began to disallow anti­American candidates from getting to  power  Lyndon Johnson – “I’m not going to lose Vietnam”; thought south Vietnamese were  incapable of ruling themselves  Gulf of Tonkin incident  American naval ships patrolled the gulf for years  August 1964: battleship reported that it was under attack in the gulf  Ships fired at small Vietnamese ships that turned out to be fishing boats  Reported again that it was under attack; fired at Vietnamese salvaging boat  Congress got together and voted to give the president unlimited authority to the  protect the U.S. (Forces) using all necessary methods; congress forfeited it war­ making powers to the president  Significance  Opened the door to abuse of power  Vietnam became a debacle  Domestic Political Pressure: congress didn’t want to be labeled as communist  Gave the president a blank check to declare war whenever he wanted to  1968  Jan. 31 , 1968: N. Vietnamese attacked S. Vietnam and took over American embassy for  24 – 48 hours [Tet Offensive]   My Lai Massacre: U.S. soldiers tried to friend Viet Cong members hiding in My Lai;  civilians refused to tell the soldiers where they were, and the soldiers rounded them up  and shot them; American helicopter flying overhead witnessed the shooting, and began to fire at any American soldier who continued to shoot at civilians  The Orangeburg Massacre: black students protesting segregation of black patrons near a  bowling alley were shot by police; three were killed and 27 were injured  Many race riots were sparked by Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassination  Robert Kennedy was gunned down; was the leading candidate for presidency who wanted to end the Cold War and pull troops out of Vietnam  Youth demand anti­war candidate for president; attacked by police  Nixon promised law & order; talked about the silent majority [white working class  families who children were drafted]  Led to the rise of the silent majority  Election of 1968: referendum of Johnson’s presidency  Significance  Most violent year since the reconstruction  The New Right; America became more conservative Chapter 30  United Farm Workers  Joined the Freedom Movement; led by César Chávez  Chávez dropped out of school, went to fight in WWII for American; came back from  war and organized Latino workers  Protested angst police brutality, use of pesticides, and for better working conditions  Formed United Farm Workers – first agricultural labor union  1965 – UFW went on a strike against grapes; boycott spread from California all the  way to Texas  Chávez went of a food strike and nearly died  Before he was assassinated, Robert Kennedy met with Chávez  1970: companies that owned grape fields gave in to the boycotters; a series of agreements were signed and the workers received better pay  Significance  Latino began to matter in the 1960s  Proved that the civil rights tactics of change were effective  Hispanicization   Watergate Scandal  1968: Ellsberg – worked for the Pentagon  Tasked with publishing reports of the success in Vietnam; repeatedly published  negative reviews; found out his reports have been altered to give the people false  hopes; gave his original articles to the New York Times to be published; became  known as the Pentagon papers; his files were stolen from his psychiatrist and leaked  to the public to discredit him; people began to wonder how low Nixon would stoop  1972: Re­election year; headquarters if Democratic party in Watergate Hotel; 5 men were arrested for breaking into the headquarters; paper trail showed connections to the White  House and paychecks from Committee to Re­Elect the President(CREEP); Americans  were ready to look past the event, but 2 reporters decided to investigate it  1973: many White House workers quit; Congress held televised hearings; revealed Nixon has hidden recording devices, and ordered him to hand them over; Nixon refused on  grounds on National Security, and hired a special prosecutor Archibald Cox; Nixon fired  Cox when he continuously asked for the tapes, and the same night, the attorney general  and deputy general quit; there were calls for his impeachment; Nixon finally turned in the tapes, but there were blanks in the tapes  Summer 1974: the first of 3 articles of impeachment were passed; before congress could  vote on the other 2, Nixon resigned  Significance  Wide spread distrust of the government increased; showed that people couldn’t trust the  govt.  Chapter 31  Hostages (Iran Hostage Crisis)  1950s: America participated in regime change  Iranian Shah was despised by the Iranians by the 1970s; he was very liberal and pro­ American  Many in the Middle East equated secularization with anti­Islam  College students schooled in the west hated the shah because he killed his own people  1979: Hostage Crisis – on November 4 , Iranian college students took the American  embassy in Iran hostage, and refused to let people go  U.S. couldn’t attack Iran because they would lose their only remaining source of oil, and  they couldn’t return the Shah because it showed weakness  The hostages were released a few hours after Ronald Reagan won the presidential  election of 1981  Significance  American moral was at an all­time low  The ceisis cost Jimmy Carter a second term as president  Reagonomics  Launced the Reagan Revolution; supply economics/trickle­down theory  Any surplus money should go to the elites  Reagan cut taxes by 25% for all Americans  De­regulation; take the govt. out of business  Increased govt. spending on defense; spent trillions of dollars mostly deficit spending;  cuts on social secutiry, Medicaid, health cr, and education; slashed fundung for AIDS  care, called it a homosexual issue  Significance  Economic inequality was more prominent, btu the standard of liivig went up  Weakth distribution  1980: top 1% owned 10% of the nation’s wealth  2010: top 1% owned 40%  The Berlin Wall  Was built after WWII to separate East (communist) Berlin and West () Berlin; when East  Berliners tried to escape to West Berlin through the wall, they were killed in cold blood;  some bodies were kept in the wall to show East Berliners that they couldn’t escape;  Reagan clled for the fall of the wall, and the wall was down a few months later  Significace  Considered a victory for the U.S. and containment; U.S. became the only super power on  Earth for 20 years


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.