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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hayley Nguyen on Tuesday May 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENG150 at La Salle University taught by Maribel W. Molyneux in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Literature in Foreign Language at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 05/10/16
Part I: 1. What is the shared secret of the man and woman portrayed in Isabel Allende’s “Our secrets”? The man and the woman's secret was their being abused in the past. The man was tortured and insulted by his exwife. He was locked up in the dark and it reminded him of imprisonment. The woman was also physically abused. She had a scar on her wrist because she got strapped to electric grid. 2. Isabel Goodrow identifies with the title character in Gustave Flaubert’s novel, Madame Bovary. What memories does Emma Bovary awaken in Isabel? Emma Bovary evoked in Isabelle “the memories of a devastating physical love with a man” (Strout112). When she was a young girl, she had a sexual relationship with his father’s best friend, Jake Cunningham and got pregnant with Amy. Since then she could not have interest and real love life with men. 3. What is the significance of the pump in Isabel Allende’s “And of Clay Are We Created”? This pump represents the lack of compassion and care of humanity and indifference to save a human life. Reporters bring all the equipment to report a story about Azucena but forgot to bring a pump to save her. Rolf Carle desperately begged the president of Nation Petroleum for a pump to remove the silt but all he got was a “vague promise” and Azucena gave up her life before the pump arrive (Allende324). 4. There are two main settings in Annie Proux’s “Brokeback Mountain”, the Wyoming plains and Brokeback Mountain. What does each one of these spaces represents? Brokeback Mountain represents a peaceful and beautiful place where Jack and Ennis’s love occurred in summer 1963. It stands for their secret love and relationship. It is also the place where they can be together after their marriage that keeps them away from responsibility. The Wyoming flatland is where both Jack and Ennis grow up. When Jack died, it was the place he was buried. It reminds Ennis of the loss of his love and a desperate place he called “a grieving plain”. When Jack’s gone, it represents the death end for their love story. 5. What does Debby Kay Dorne represent in Elizabeth Strout’s “Amy and Isabelle”? Debby Kay Dorne was the little girl who was kidnapped and murdered. Amy could not stop thinking about her and wondered what if she disappeared from her house, whether her mother be worry about her. Debby represents Amy's insecurity about her mother's love for her. She is also a warning for Amy and Isabelle that keeping secrets from each other can be a consequence of death 6. What does the “green artillery piece” represent in W.D. Ehrhart’s “Guns”? The “green artillery piece” is the symbol of battle fields, war and killing. The man in the poem Guns was walking his daughter by a large artillery field near her school. She asked him whether he ever used a guns and he was hesitate about how much he could tell her about war. In the very next sentence he described the “green artillery piece” as “ugly little pointed snout”. It implies that the man hated the artillery because it reminds him of senseless war, people he killed and it represents his sin. 7. How does Ennis Del Mar respond when Jack Twist says “I wish I knew how to quit you”? Ennis was silent but his reaction was kind of shocking and anger. His face was grimacing, his eyes shut and he hit the ground with his knees that Jack thought he had a heart attack or an overflow of rage. 8. What risk does Scheherazade take ion the epigraph in Isabel Allende’s “The Stories of Eva Luna”? Scheherazade took risk over her life to tell the King 1001 stories every night so he would not kill her. The King ordered a virgin every night and when the night is over he would kill a girl. But Scheherazade used her narrative gift not only to save herself but also help her become a queen. Part II: Identify the passages. Tell the name of the work, the author and illustrate how the fragment relate to the theme of the larger work 1. “The shirt seemed heavy until he saw there was another shirt inside it, the sleeves carefully worked down inside Jack’s sleeves.” This fragment belongs to the short story Brokeback Mountain by Annie Proulx. The symbol of the shirts illustrates the theme of love and desire of the story This is when Ennis came to Jack’s house after his death and found his old shirt hang in Jack’s closet. Turns out that Jack had stolen Ennis’s shirt when they worked together on Brokeback Mountain. The two shirts hang together, one inside another is the symbol of Jack and Ennis’s love that stay forever and the memory of Brokeback mountain summer 1963. Those shirts belonged to the past that Ennis cannot return because Jack is gone. They are also the only thing left that remind Ennis of Jack and Brokeback Mountain . 2. “In all my dream, before my helpless sight He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning” This fragment belongs to a poem Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen. The author described a soldier's memory of a gas attack in World War I. The soldiers are mentally and physically exhausted from the battle field. A soldier in the sentence was choking by gas, dying and desperately looking for help. The horrible image of the dying soldier drowning in the gas haunted the author's dream. The "helpless sight" the author mentioned is the helplessness of himself, helpless that he could not save the other soldiers, he could not save himself from the violent war. The two sentences illustrated the obsessive, haunting of the war that keep appearing in the soldier's mind even after the war was over. 3. “My dear, my dear, I know More than another What makes your heart beat so” This fragment belongs to a poem To A Young Girl by William Butler Yeats. These are the first three sentences of a poem written by a men in love with a women but being rejected by her. He wrote this for her daughter. As he said “I know more than another what makes your heart beat so”, he meant that he understood her mother’s feelings more than anyone and more than she knows herself. 4. “She opened her eyes and stared at me a long time. I understood” This fragment belongs to the story Walimai by Isabel Allende. The story was written in colonial time when women was treated as men's tool to satisfy sexual need and to maintain their family line. Allende described the Ila woman's reaction when Walimai approached and spoke to her. She was naked with dew of men over her body. She stared at Walima as if she was learning him with her eyes. Walima understood that because he is another stranger, another man she thought that might come to her for sex like the others. But Walima was different. He respected the woman by washing all the dirt from her body before he killed her and release her from the pain, suffer and humiliation even if he had to violate his traditional taboos. Part III: “And of Clay Are We Created” And of Clay Are We Created by Isabel Allende is not only a hearbreaking story of a girl who got trapped and died in clay but also a story about how a reporter, Rolf Carle, learned to move on from his past and open up himself to people. Rolf Carle tried to save the girl but in the end, the girl was the one to save him. Not only did her story remind Rolf of his unhappy childhood but she also touched a part of him that he never shared to anyone. He found the resemblance between his past with Azucena’s present situation. Watching her dying slowly, Carlé “never suspecting that he would find a fragment of his past, lost thirty years before.” All the images of the past flashed back in his mind when he listened to Azucena’s story. He was abused by his father, being locked up as punishment for imagined misbehavior. He had to witness his mom bury dead people in the war. His retarded sister was wished to never be born. When he conquered all the moment of truth and dared to face the past, he broke into tears. He said “I’m not crying for you. I’m crying for myself. I hurt all over.” Rolf tried to comfort the girl and made her forget that she was facing death but it was the girl who had given him consolation. Allende said “Azucena had surrendered her fear to him and so, without wishing it, had obliged Rolf to confront his own.” One thing Rolf learned from the girl is to face his own fear, a fear that came from his terrible, painful former life. Once he faced his terror nightmare, he became less vulnerable and stronger. Both Rolf and the girl were saved from despair when Rolf kissed her forehead and told her that he loved her more than anyone. The girl also gave him a chance to show his compassion and love, to heal his wound. Eventually, as Allende said, “they were free from the clay, they rose from the vultures and helicopters, and they flew above the vast swamp of corruption and laments.” In the end, what Rolf learned from a girl is to accept death and to open up his world to let someone in. After one night, Rolf Carle had changed. He moved on from the death of a person he just met but gave him so much consolation and lessons. He is not the same man he used to be since he has learned about himself, his own hidden fear and how to confront it. One thing that Rolf Carle got out of it is that we are all fragile like clay, we all have fears in our life but if we want to move on we have to deal with those fears and let go of the past first. .
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