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psyc362 Final Study Guide Part 1

by: jh1371

psyc362 Final Study Guide Part 1 Psych 362

Marketplace > California State University - Fullerton > Psychlogy > Psych 362 > psyc362 Final Study Guide Part 1
Cal State Fullerton

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About this Document

Includes chapter 9,10,11
Psychology of Aging
Dr. Pamela Smith
Study Guide
psychology362, psyc362, Smith
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by jh1371 on Wednesday May 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 362 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Dr. Pamela Smith in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 107 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Aging in Psychlogy at California State University - Fullerton.


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Date Created: 05/11/16
Chapter 9 – Personality - Dispositional traits: consistent aspects across different contexts / can be compared across a group along continuum representing high and low degrees of the characteristic - Be familiar with Costa & McCrae’s Five-Factor Model: Case for stability > consists of 5 independent dimensions of personality: Neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, conscientiousness - Neuroticism: 6 FACETS > anxiety, hostility, self-conscious, depression, impulsiveness, vulnerability - What are the main criticisms of their theory: o Block (1995) – issue w/ methodology that uses lay people to specify personality descriptors that were used to create the terms of the FIVE- FACTOR Model o McAdams (1996,) – any model of dispositional traits says nothing about core or essential aspects of human nature o Major criticism: directed to the notion of stability and change in personality - Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages: trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame/doubt/ initiative vs. guilt/ industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. identity confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generality vs. stagnation, ego vs. despair - What changes when we shift from adolescence to adulthood? Character development, interpersonal style, conscious preoccupations, cognitive style - What changes during midlife? Gains & losses / Many adults face difficulty issues and make behavioral changes - How realistic is the concept of the Midlife Crisis? Very little data supports claim that all people experience a crisis in middle age > midlife correction: reevaluating one’s roles and dreams and making the necessary corrections - What are the most common goal themes in McAdams’ life stories? Have a story that is coherent, credible, open to new possibilities, richly differentiated, reconciling of opposite aspects of oneself, integrated within one’s sociocultural context - Whitbourne’s theory contains concepts from what other developmental psychologist? PIAGET concepts of assimilation and accommodation - How do Younger and Older Adults differ with regards to possible selves? o Younger: family issues as most important / see themselves as improving in future o Older adults: personal issues as most important / don’t see themselves improving - Know the role of spiritual support and religion on health and self-esteem for older adults o Older adults use religion to cope w/ problems: pastoral care, participating in religious activities, expressing faith in a God who cares for people o Provides strong influence on identity Chapter 10 ­ Clinical Assessment, Mental Health, and Mental Disorders - Psychological forces: normative changes can mimic mental disorders / nature of personal  relationships - Sociocultural forces: being paranoid may be adaptive in certain circumstances / cultural  differences must be taken into account - Life­Cycle factors: an older person who wishes to go back to school / resistance to revealing  personal information / sleeping patterns  Be familiar with different assessment methods. What is considered the most effective form? o Mental status exams:  useful in quick screening of measures of mental competence o Psychological functioning assessed through: interviews, observation, test or questionnaires  o Three dimensions of social functioning: ties w/ social network, content of interaction w/  one’s social network, number and quality of interactions  What are the major approaches to treating mental disorders? o Medication, intervention, psychotherapy  What are the primary issues with assessing for depression in older adults? o Which therapy is the most effective for OAs? Psychotherapy, elctroconclusive therapy  Delirium: caused by medical conditions (stroke, cardiovascular disease, metabolic condition  Dementia: Alzheimer's   What microscopic changes can be found in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients? Microfibrillary  tangles, plaque    What behavior technique has proven effective in reducing difficult behaviors in Alzheimer’s patients? How does it work? Behavioral strategies   Parkinson’s: slow walking, difficulty getting in and out of chairs, slow hand tremors  Huntington’s: involuntary flicking movement of arms and legs, hallucinations, paranoia, depression,  & clear personality changes  What extra risks do OAs face when it comes to alcohol consumption and alcoholism? - Disease of liver - Various types of cancer - Cardiovascular disease  Chapter 11 ­ Relationships  What do friendships help us foster in old age?  Socioemotional selectivity theory: social contact is motivated by ­ information seeking, self concept,  emotional regulation  o How do Younger and Older adults differ in primary goals  What are the 3 components of love identified by Sternberg: passion, intimacy, commitment o How do they change over time when in a relationship  Different types of elder abuse and neglect: physical, sexual, emotional or psychological, financial,  abandonment, neglect, self­neglect  What does marriage satisfaction look like over time? How do middle­aged and older couples differ in  terms of emotional expression? o Early years: marriage is most intense > couple settle in a routine > decline in satisfaction o Midlife: marriages improve when children leave home > satisfaction remains low o Older: reduced potential for marital conflict and greater potential for pleasure  How do older and younger mothers compare when it comes to parenting?  What specific concerns to middle­aged people face (“The Sandwich Generation”): Middle aged  parents caught between their children and their parents as caregivers  What different skills to grandparents pass on, according to the text?  Gottman and Levenson report what difference in interaction of couples who divorce early or later in  marriage?  Understand Exchange Theory. Imagine how it would look in an actual relationship. What are other  predictors of marital success?


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